Produksi Dan Kualitas Jerami Padi Sumber Hijauan Pakan Dengan Waktu Panen Dan Dosis Pupuk Berbeda

Production and Quality of Rice Straw as Forage Sources with Different Harvest Time and Fertilizer Doses

  • Radian Syafiyullah IPB University
  • N R Kumalasari Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • L Abdullah Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Keywords: fertilizer, harvest age, production, quality, straw

Abstract

This study was  aimed to analyze the fertilizer  dosage and harvest age in Ciherang rice varieties to increase the rice straw production and quality. This study used a block randomized design with 3 x 4  blocks divided based on harvest age H1 = 114 days, H2 = 118 days and H3 = 122 days.  The treatment was fertilizer dose level which consists of 4 levels, namely: P0 (control) = Urea 55 g+SP-36 5 g+KCl 6 g, P1= Urea 63,25 g+SP-36 5 g+KCl 6 g, P2= Urea 71,50 g+SP-36 5 g+KCl 6 g dan P3= Urea 79,75 g+SP-36 5 g+KCl 6 g. The variables observed were straw production, grain production, filled grain production, empty grain production, crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF), Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) and Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance  followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The results showed that P3 was significantly (p< 0.05) the highest  among fertilizer dose level treatments on the  straw production (27.63 tons  ha-1), filled grain production (5.52 tons ha-1), and reduced empty grain (0.15 tons  ha-1). The Quality of rice straw were CP 7.49%, CF 20.35%, ADF 55.03 %). While at harvest age, H1 was significantly (p< 0.05) the highest  among harvest ages treatments on the variables of straw production 28.18%, empty grain production 0.21 tons  ha-1) and NDF 69.11%. It can be concluded that the best fertilizer  dosage was an addition of urea by 45% with harvesting  age of 114 days.

Key words:        fertilizer, harvest age, production, quality, rice straw

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad M & Nashir. 2008. Pembuatan jerami fermentasi. Lembar Informasi Pertanian (LIPTAN) IP2TP Mataram No.02/Liptan/2000. Mataram (ID): Instalasi Penelitian dan Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian. Mataram.

Amin M, Hasan SD, Yanuarianto O & Iqbal M. 2015. Pengaruh lama fermentasi terhadap kualitas jerami padi amoniasi yang ditambah probiotik Bacillus sp. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia, 1(1) :8-13.

Anhar R, Hayati E, & Efendi E. 2016. Pengaruh dosis pupuk urea terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi plasma nutfah padi lokal asal Aceh. Jurnal Kawista Agroteknologi 1(1) : 30-36.

AOAC. 2005. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 18th ed: Assoc. Arlington (US) : Off. Anal. Chem.,

Astuti D, Suhartanto B, Umami N, & Agus A. 2018. Pengaruh dosis pupuk urea dan umur panen terhadap hasil hijauan sorgum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench). Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova), 1(2) 45-51.

Badan Litbang Pertanian. 2012. Varietas Padi Unggulan. Agroinovasi Sinartani Edisi 25-januari 2012 No.3441 tahun XLII

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2015. Produktivitas Padi Di Indonesia. Jakarta Dikutip 2 februari 2019

Basuni R, Muladno, M, Kusmana C & Suryahadi S. 2015. Sistem Integrasi Padi-Sapi Potong di Lahan Sawah. Iptek Tanaman Pangan, 5(1) : 31-48

Koten B B, Soetrisno RD, Ngadiyono N, & Suwignyo B. 2012. Produksi tanaman sorgum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) varietas lokal Rote sebagai hijauan pakan ruminansia pada umur panen dan dosis pupuk urea yang berbeda. Buletin Peternakan, 36(3), 150-155.

Makarim AK, Sumarno & Suyamto. 2007. Jerami Padi: Pengelolaan dan Pemanfaatan. Bogor (ID): Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Nori H, Halim RA, & Ramlan MF. (2008). The effects of nitrogen fertilization levels on the straw nutritive quality of Malaysian rice varieties. Journal of Agronomy 2(2):61-71

Nuraeni A, Khairani L, & Susilawati I. 2019. Pengaruh tingkat pemberian pupuk nitrogen terhadap kandungan air dan serat kasar Corchorus aestuans. Pastura, 9(1) : 32-35.

Purnomo J. 2008. Pengaruh pupuk NPK majemuk terhadap hasil padi varietas Ciherang dan sifat kimia tanah inceptisol Bogor. Prosiding Seminar Nasional dan Dialog Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Bogor (ID) : Balittanah.

Qibtiyah M. 2019. Efektifitas aplikasi waktu pemberian biourine plus dan dosis pupuk urea terhadap peningkatan pertumbuhan dan produksi padi (Oryza sativa L.). AGRORADIX: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian 2(2) : 44-51.

Savitri M V, Sudarwati H, & Hermanto H. 2013. Pengaruh umur pemotongan terhadap produktivitas gamal (Gliricidia sepium). Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) 23(2) : 25-35.

Sudirman S, Hasan SD, Dilaga SH, & Karda IW. 2015. Kandungan neutral detergent fibre (NDF) dan acid detergent fibre (ADF) bahan pakan lokal ternak sapi yang dipelihara pada kandang kelompok. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia, 1(1) : 77-81.

Syakhril R, & Arsyad H. 2014. Pengaruh pupuk nitrogen terhadap penampilan dan produktivitas padi Inpari Sidenuk. Agrifor: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian dan Kehutanan, 13(1) : 85-92.

Tantalo S, Liman L, & Fathul F. 2019. Efek umur pemangkasan indigofera (Indigofera zollingeriana) pada musim kemarau terhadap kandungan Netral Detergen Fiber dan Acid Detergen Fiber. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu, 7(2) : 241-246.

Van Soest PJ, Robertson JB & Lewis BA. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral-detergent fiber and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science 74: 3583-3597.

Wanapat M, Kang S, Hankla N, & Phesatcha K. 2013. Effect of rice straw treatment on feed intake, rumen fermentation and milk production in lactating dairy cows. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8(17) : 1677-1687.

Published
2021-12-31
How to Cite
SyafiyullahR., KumalasariN. R., & AbdullahL. (2021). Produksi Dan Kualitas Jerami Padi Sumber Hijauan Pakan Dengan Waktu Panen Dan Dosis Pupuk Berbeda : Production and Quality of Rice Straw as Forage Sources with Different Harvest Time and Fertilizer Doses. Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi Dan Teknologi Pakan, 19(3), 85-89. https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.3.85-89