MANFAAT EKONOMI DAN DAYA DUKUNG KAWASAN PANTAI LOMBANG KABUPATEN SUMENEP PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR
AbstractPantai Lombang memiliki manfaat ekonomi dan manfaat ekologi. Manfaat ekonomi berupa Penerimaan Asli Daerah (PAD) dari retribusi yang dipungut sedangkan manfaat ekologi merupakan manfaat yang diperoleh dari keberadaan cemara udang yang ada di sepanjang bibir pantai yaitu berupa wind break dan mencegah terjadinya tsunami. Peningkatan jumlah pengunjung wisata pantai Lombang setiap tahunnya berdampak positif terhadap perekonomian yaitu peningkatan PAD. Namun, peningkatan kunjungan yang tidak terkendali dapat merugikan lingkungan wisata pantai, yaitu berupa rusaknya ekosistem cemara udang di pantai Lombang. Apabila ekosistem pantai rusak maka keindahan pantai akan berkurang dan dapat menyebabkan jumlah kunjungan wisatawan berkurang. Dalam kondisi ini akan terjadi trade off antara kepentingan ekonomi dan ekologi. Oleh karena itu penelitian terhadap manfaat ekonomi dan dukung kawasan (DDK) Pantai Lombang perlu dilakukan. Hal ini dimaksudkan agar kegiatan wisata dapat berjalan tanpa mengabaikan kelestarian cemara udang dan memberikan manfaat ekonomi. Manfaat ekonomi yang tinggi menunjukkan Pantai Lombang sebagai wisata alam memiliki jasa lingkungan yang sangat penting bagi ekonomi masyarakat. Sumberdaya alam dan keindahan Pantai Lombang harus dijaga untuk keberlangsungan wisata alam, karena tanpa keindahan dan konservasi lingkungan tidak akan ada aktivitas wisata, dan itu berarti tidak ada manfaat ekonomi bagi masyarakat.
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