TEKNOLOGI AKUSTIK BAWAH AIR: SOLUSI DATA PERIKANAN LAUT INDONESIA
Sebagai negara kepulauan, Indonesia memiliki potensi sumberdaya ikan yang besar. Pentingnya informasi keberadaan ikan dan jumlah stok ikan menjadi agenda penting saat ini. Selama ini nelayan dan pelaku industri perikanan tangkap melakukan pencarian ikan berdasarkan pengalaman melaut. Hal ini juga sangat dikeluhkan dengan tingginya harga solar, satu hari berlayar bisa memerlukan biaya lebih dari Rp.100 juta dalam mencari ikan. Penggunaan teknologi satelit dapat membantu mengukur suhu permukaan laut dan kandungan klorofil di suatu perairan. Tetapi seringkali, lokasi daerah penangkapan ikan yang dideteksi oleh satelit sering tidak tepat. Kerapkali informasi dari satelit tidak dapat diberikan kepada pengusaha perikanan atau masyarakat nelayan secara langsung (online).
Kata kunci : teknologi akustik bawah air, stok ikan, habitat ikan, keberadaan ikan, potensi ikan
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