Alternative Snack for Diabetic Patients from Sago (Metroxylon sp.) Starch and Tempe

  • Sofya Maya Departement of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Sulaeman Departement of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Tiurma Sinaga Departement of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Keywords: diabetes mellitus, dietary fiber, sago, snack, tempe

Abstract

This study aimed to develop food products made from sago starch (Metroxylon sp.) and tempe as alternative snacks for diabetics. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with two treatment ratios of sago starch to tempe, F1 (2:1) and F2 (1:1), and two replications for three products, namely puddings, muffins, and cookies. The organoleptic attributes of the products were evaluated by fourty semi-trained panelists. The results of the hedonic test showed that F2 was the formula selected for the puddings and muffins and that F1 was the formula selected for the cookies. The puddings had hardness of 83.47 gf, 92.28% water, 0.28% ash, 1.04% protein, 0.64% fat, 5.76% carbohydrate, 3.95% dietary fiber, and 0.81% resistant starch. The muffins had hardness of 3,861,87 gf, 56.18% water, 0.79% ash, 6.49% protein, 10.26% fat, 26.28% carbohydrate, 7.13% dietary fiber, and 3.59% resistant starch. The cookies had hardness of 1,655,02 gf, 5.05% water, 0.90% ash, 4.90% protein, 19.66% fat, 69.49% carbohydrate, 9.57% dietary fiber, and 6.00% resistant starch. These products contained different levels of dietary fiber and resistant starch. Puddings are categorized as a high-fiber food with a negligible level of resistant starch, the muffin as a high-fiber food with an intermediate level of resistant starch, and the cookie as a high-fiber food with a high level of resistant starch. In conclusion, these products had relatively high fiber content and need a further study to confirm the health benefits for glucose control in diabetics.

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Author Biography

Sofya Maya, Departement of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

Departement of Community Nutrition

Faculty of Human Ecology

Published
2020-03-28
How to Cite
Maya, S., Sulaeman, A., & Sinaga, T. (2020). Alternative Snack for Diabetic Patients from Sago (Metroxylon sp.) Starch and Tempe. Jurnal Gizi Dan Pangan, 15(1), 27-36. https://doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2020.15.1.27-36
Section
Articles