• Intan Sari Dewi IPB University
  • Tri Prartono
  • Ali Arman
  • Alan Frendy Koropitan Departement of marine and science technology, IPB University
Keywords: mangrove, Pb-21-, sediments accumulation, Tanjung Batu


The sustainability of mangrove ecosystems is an important aspect because it is related to the decreasing or addition of sediment accumulation such as abrasion and accretion processes. Mangroves in Tanjung Batu have decreased since 2001-2010 due to community activities such as logging, clearing land for ponds and oil palm plantations. This study aims to estimate of mangrove sediment accumulation rate in Tanjung Batu. The study was conducted in February-July 2018. Sampling was carried out at 3 stations including identification of mangrove species, measurement of diameter at breast height (DBH) and sediment corring used stainless pipes. Sediment samples were cut based on intervals 5 cm (depth 0-15 cm), and intervals 2 cm (depth 48-50 cm) used as supported Pb-210 (Stations 1 and 3). Station 5 is cut at intervals of 4, 6 and 8 cm (depths 1-50 cm). Samples analysis using alpha spectrometer to determine radioisotope Pb-210. Determination of sediment age and sediment accumulation rate using the Constant Rates of Supply (CRS) model. The results showed that the rate of sediment accumulation in the last 20 years (1998-2018) ranged 0.09-0.20 g cm-2 years-1. The highest accumulation rate at Station 1 which is location with the oldest age and mangrove density in DBH > 5 cm, while the lowest accumulation rate is at Station 5 which has the youngest sediment age and mangroves in DBH < 5 cm.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Intan Sari Dewi, IPB University


Adame, M.F., D. Neil, S.F. Wright, & C.E. Lovelock. 2010. Sedimentation within and among mangrove forest along a gradient geomorphological setting. Estuarine, Coast. and Shelf Sci., 86(1): 21-30.

Alongi, D.M. 2002. Present state and future of the world’s mangrove forests. Env. Conserv., 29(3): 331-349.

Appleby, P.G. & F. Oldfield. 1978. The calculation of lead-210 dates assuming a constant rate of supply of unsupported 210Pb to the sediment. Catena, 5(1): 1-8.

Arifiani, S. Widada, & D.N. Sugianto. 2015. Pengaruh longshore current terhadap laju sedimentasi di area jetty prophyline dan jetty cargo PT. Pertamina RU VI Balongan Indramayu. J. Ose UNDIP, 4(3): 598-607.

Badan Lingkungan Hidup (BLH). 2011. Laporan Penyusunan data base mangrove Kecamatan Kepulauan Derawan Kab. Berau Provinsi Kalimantan Timur. Berau. 44p.

Bakar, Z.A., A. Saat, Z. Hamzah, A.K. Wood, & Z. Ahmad. 2011. Sedimentation rate and chronology of As and Zn in sediment of a recent former tin mining lake estimated using Pb-210 dating technique. Malaysian J. of Anal. Sci., 15(2): 150-158.

Boer, W., G.D. Van der Bergh, H. de Haas, H.C. de Stigter, R. Gieles, & T.C.E. van Weering. 2006. Validation of accumulation rates in Teluk Banten (Indonesia) from commonly applied 210Pb models, using the 1883 Krakatau tephra as time marker. Mar. Geol., 227(3-4): 263-277.

Danielsen, F., M.K. Sørensen, M.F. Olwig, V. Selvam, F. Parish, N.D. Burgess, T. Hiraishi, V.M. Karunagaran, M.S. Rasmussen, L.B. Hansen, A. Quarto, & N. Suryadiputra. 2005. The Asian Tsunami: A protective role for coastal vegetation. Science, 310(5748): 643.

Dhiauddin, R., W.A. Gemilang, U.J. Wisha, G.A. Rahmawan, & G. Kusumah. 2017. Pemetaan kerentanan pesisir Pulau Simeulue dengan metode CVI (Coastal Vulnerability Index). Enviro Scienteae, 13(2): 157-170.

Duke, N., K. Kathiresan, S.G. Salmo III, E.S. Fernando, J.R. Peras, S. Sukardjo, T. Miyagi, J. Ellison, N.E. Koedam, Y. Wang, J. Primavera, O. Jin Eong, J. Wan-Hong Yong, & V. Ngoc Nam. 2010. Camptostemon philippinense. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species2010: e.T178808A7612909.

Erawan, M.T.F., T. Prartono, & A. Arman. 2018. Characteristic of sediments deposition in Karimata Strait. ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian J. of Mar. Sci., 23(2): 93-98.

Herison, A., F. Yulianda, C. Kusmana, I.W. Nurjaya, & L. Adrianto. 2014. The existing condition of mangrove region of Avicennia marina: Its distribution and functional transformation. JMHT, 20(1): 26-34.

Hogarth, P.J. 2015. The biology of mangroves and Seagrass. Oxford Unversity. UK. 289 p.

IAEA-TECDOC-1360. 2003. Collection and preparation of bottom sediment samples for analysis of radionuclides and trace elements. International Atomic Energy Agency. Vienna. 63-82 pp.

Jaringan Nelayan (JALA). 2015. Survei biodiversitas kawasan hutan mangrove Kampung Tanjung Batu Kecamatan Pulau derawan Kabupaten Berau Kalimantan Timur. Berau. 20 p.

Jeter, H.W. 2000. Determining the ages of recent sediments using measurements of trace radioactivity. Terra Aqua., 78: 21-28.

Kauffman, J.B. & D. Donato. 2012. Protocols for the measurement, monitoring and reporting of structure, biomass and carbon stocks in mangrove forests. Working Paper 86. CIFOR. Bogor, Indonesia. 40 p.

Kauffman, J.B., C. Heider, T.G. Cole, K.A. Dwire, & D.C. Donato. 2011. Ecosystem carbon stock of micronesian mangrove forest. Wetlands, 31: 343-352.

Kusumaningtya, M.A., A.A. Hutahaean, H.W. Fishcer, M. Perez-Mayo, D. Ransby, & T.C. Jennerjahnn. 2019. Variability in the organic carbon stocks, sources, and accumulation rates of Indonesian mangrove ecosystems. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Sci., 218: 310-323.

Lee, S.Y., J.H. Primavera, F. Dahdouh-Guebas, K. McKee, J.O. Bosire, S. Cannicci, K. Diele, F. Fromard, N. Koedam, C. Marchand, I. Mendelssohn, N. Mukherjee, & Record S. 2014. Ecological role and services of tropical mangrove ecosystems: a reassessment. Global Ecol. Biogeography, 23(7): 726-743.

Lubis, A.A., B. Aliyanta, & Y. Menry. 2007. Estimation of sediment accumulation rate in Jakarta Bay Using Natural Radionuclide Unsupported 210Pb. Indo J. Chem., 7(3): 309-313.

Mahmood, H., K. Misri, B.J. Sidik, & O. Saberi. 2005. Sediment accretion in a protected mangrove forests of Kuala Selangor, Malaysia. Pakistan J. Biol Sci., 8(1): 149-151.

Marchio, D.A., M. Savarese, B. Bovard, & W.J. Mitsch. 2016. Carbon sequestration and sedimentation in mangrove swamps influenced by hydrogeomorphic conditions and urbanization in Southwest Florida. Forests, 7(6): 116(1-18).

Mukhlisi, K. & Sidiyasa. 2014. Structure and composition of mangrove species in Berau Mangrove Information Centre (PIM), Kalimantan Timur. Indonesian for Rehabil J., 2(1): 25-37.

Murdiyarso, D., D. Donato, J.B. Kauffman, S. Kurnianto, M. Stidham, & M. Kannien. 2009. Carbon storage in mangrove and peatland ecosystems. Working paper 48, CIFOR. Bogor. 35 p.

Paputungan, M.S., A.F. Koropitan, T. Prartono, & A.A. Lubis. 2016. Profil akumulasi sedimen di area restorasi mangrove Teluk Lembar Pulau Lombok. J. Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 9(1): 301-313.

Sanchez-Cabeza, J.A., P. Masque, I. Ani-Ragolta, J. Merino, M. Frignani, F. Alvisi, A. Palanques, & P. Puig. 1999. Sediment accumulation rates in the Southern Barcelona continental margin (NW Mediterranean Sea) derived from 210Pb and 137Cs chronology. Prog. Oceanogr., 44: 313-332.

Sanders, J.C., J.M. Smoak, A.S. Naidu, L.M. Sanders, & S.R. Patchineelam. 2010. Organic carbon burial in mangrove forest, margin and intertidal mud flat. Estuarine Coast Shelf Sci., 90: 168-172.

Smoak, J.M., J.L. Breithaupt, T.J. Smith III., & C.J. Sanders. 2012. Sediment accretion and organic carbon burial relative to sea-level rise and storm events in two mangrove forests in Everglades National Park. Catena, 104: 58-66.

Szmytkiewicz, A. & T. Zaleswska. 2014. Sediment deposition and accumulation rates determined by sediment trap and 210Pb isotope methods in the outer Puck Bay (Baltic Sea). Oceanologia, 56(1): 85-106.

Willard, D.A. & C.W. Holmes. 1997. Pollen and geochronological data from south Florida: Taylor Creek Site 2. U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 97-35, 28 p.

Witasari, Y. 2015. Radioisotope Pb-210 untuk studi geoakrenologi sedimen di dasar laut. Oseana. 40(1): 1-9.

Wolanski, E. 1995. Transport of sediment in mangrove swamps. Hydrobiologia, 295: 31-42.