Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Petani Padi dalam Mengikuti Kemitraan di Indonesia

Main Article Content

Alivia Permatasari
M. Rondhi

Abstract

Indonesia's rice crop production growth will possibly always increase every year. However, the direction of growth in production and the area of harvest which increases is inversely proportional to the condition of decreasing productivity growth, which is known as productivity inequality. Efforts to solve these problems are through partnerships with the government and the private sector. The purpose of this study is (1) to analyze the characteristics of Indonesian farmers following the partnership, (2) to analyze the factors that influenced Indonesian rice farmers to join contract farming, and (3) to measure the impact of the participation of Indonesian rice farmers in contract farming on farmer household income. This study used secondary data from the Rice Plant Business Household Survey 2014 (SPD 2014) conducted by the Central Statistics Agency with a total sample of 87,330 samples. Data were analyzed using logistic regression and propensity score matching, which resulted in (1) There are differences in characteristics of partner farmers in Indonesia including age, education, gender, participation in SLPTT, income, and a land area used; (2) There are four variables that significantly influence farmers in participating are age, education level, production costs, and the participation of institutional farmers; (3) The participation of farmers in partnerships has a positive impact on the income of rice farmers in Indonesia.


 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
PermatasariA., & M. Rondhi. (2022). Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Petani Padi dalam Mengikuti Kemitraan di Indonesia. Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia (Journal of Indonesian Agribusiness), 10(1), 15-30. https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.15-30
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Alivia Permatasari, Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Jember

Jl. Kalimantan No. 37, Kabupaten Jember, Indonesia

References

Adhitya, F. W., Hartono, D., & Awirya, A. A. (2013). Determinan Produktivitas Lahan Pertanian Subsektor Tanaman Pangan Di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan, 14(1), 110 - 125. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/80995-ID-determinan-produktivitas-lahan-pertanian.pdf
Aisyah, A. 2017. Analisis Propensity Score Matching Menggunakan Regresi Logistik Pada Kasus Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 [tesis]. Surabaya: Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.
As Saheda, A. 2008. Preferensi dan Kepuasan Petani Terhadap Benih Padi Varietas Lokal Pandan Wangi di Kabupaten Cianjur [skripsi]. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional. 2014. Analisis Rumah Tangga , Lahan , Dan Usaha. Jakarta: Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional.
Badan Pusat Statistika. 2014. Sensus Pertanian 2013 Survei Rumah Tangga Usaha Tanaman Padi Dan Palawija Tahun 2014 Pedoman Pencacah. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistika.
Badan Pusat Statistika. 2014. Sensus Pertanian 2013 Survei Rumah Tangga Usaha Tanaman Padi Tahun 2014. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistika.
Badan Pusat Statistika. 2018. Luas Panen, Produksi dan Produktivitas Padi menurut Provinsi, 2018. https://www.pertanian.go.id/home/?show=page&act=view&id=61 [5 September 2020]
DP, Y. Andri. 2020. HPP Beras Direvisi, Bagaimana Dampak ke Harga Eceran Tertinggi? Ekonomi Bisnis. https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20200403/12/1222159/hpp-beras-direvisi-bagaimana-dampak-ke-harga-eceran-tertinggi.[5 Sepetember 2020]
Firdaus, Muhammad. 2012. Manajemen Agribisnis. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
Hank, Ivana, & S.H. Priyanto. (2018). Eksplorasi Contract Farming Dalam Mewujudkan Kesejahteraan Petani. Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, 14(3): 275 - 284. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20956/jsep.v14i3.5535
Harlan, J. 2018. Analisis Data Survei Rancangan Sampling Kompleks. Depok: Gunadarma.
Khalifi, A. W. 2018. "Strategi Pengembangan Kemitraan Usaha di PT. Allinma" [skripsi]. Surabaya: Fakultas Dakwah dan Komunikasi UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya.
Mabe, F. N., Danso-Abbeam, G., & Sienso, G. (2019). RETRACTED ARTICLE: Does contract farming improve rice yield In Ghana? Cogent Food & Agriculture, 5(1), 1–20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2019.1643518
Milliondry, H. D. 2014. Perbandingan Usahatani Caisim Petani Mitra Dan Non Mitra Di Kecamatan Megamendung [skripsi]. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Nguyen, A. Tr., Dzator, J., & Nadolny, A. (2015). Does contract farming improve productivity and income of farmers ?: A review of theory and evidence. Journal of Developing Areas, 49(6), 531–538. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1353/jda.2015.0094
Nhan, T., Takeuchi, I., & Hoang, D. (2013). Rice contract farming - the potential key to improve rice growers income: a farm level study in An Giang province. Journal of Science and Development, 11(7), 1062–1072. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273128561_RICE_CONTRACT_FARMING_-_THE_POTENTIAL_KEY_TO_IMPROVE_RICE_GROWERS'_INCOME_A_FARM_LEVEL_STUDY_IN_AN_GIANG_PROVINCE
Nurwahidah, S. (2014). Analisis Komparatif Usahatani JAgung Lahan Sawah dan Lahan Kering di Kabupaten Sumbawa. AGRITECH, XVI(2), 118–128. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/42156-ID-analisis-komparatif-usahatani-jagung-lahan-sawah-dan-lahan-kering-di-kabupaten-s.pdf
Oduro-ofori, E., Prince, A. A., & Elfreda, A. N. A. (2015). Effects of Education on The Agricultural Productivity of Farmers in The Offinso Minicipality. Development Research, 6(9), 1951–1960.
Pratama, D. F., & Chaniago, H. (2017). Pengaruh Gender Terhadap Pengambilan Keputusan di Lingkungan Kerja. Riset Bisnis & Investasi, 3(3), 57–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35313/jrbi.v3i3.945
Purbiyanti, E. 2013. Dampak Konversi Lahan Sawah di Jawa dan Luar Jawa terhadap Ketersediaan dan Kases Pangan Nasional [skripsi]. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Roidah, I. S. (2015). Analisis Pendapatan Usahatani Padi Musim Hujan dan Kemarau (Studi KAsus di Desa Sepatan Kecamatan Gondang Kabupaten Tulungagung). Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Unita, 11(13), 45–55. https://journal.unita.ac.id/index.php/agribisnis/article/view/36/32
Rosadi, D. 2011. Analisis Ekonometrika Runtutan Waktu Terapan dengan R: Aplikasi untuk Bidang Ekonomi, Bisnis, dan Keuangan. In Analisis Ekonometrika Runtutan Waktu Terapan dengan R: Aplikasi untuk Bidang Ekonomi, Bisnis, dan Keuangan. Yogyakarta: CV. Andi Offset.
Simmons, P., Winters, P., & Patrick, I. (2005). An analysis of contract farming in East Java, Bali, and Lombok, Indonesia. Agricultural Economics, 33(3), 513–525. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-0864.2005.00096.x
Suddin, A. F., Fauziah, K., & Sahardi. (2013). Peningkatan Pendapatan Petani melalui Pendampingan Bioindustri Padi - Sapi di Sulawesi Selatan. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 109–117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
Susanti. 2013. Pengaruh Kemitraan terhadap Peningkatan Pendapatan Usahatani Sayuran (Studi Kasus: Gapoktan Rukun Tani Desa Citapen, Kecamatan Ciawi, Kabupaten Bogor) [skripsi]. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor..
Susanti, Kusnadi, N., & Rachmina, D. (2014). Pengaruh Kemitraan Terhadap Produksi Dan Pendapatan Usahatani Sayuran di Kabupaten Bogor. Forum Agribisnis, 4(1), 17–34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.4.1.17-34
Ukkas, I. (2017). Faktor-Faktor yang mempengaruhi Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Industri Kecilkota Palopo. Islamic Education Management, 2(2), 187–198. https://ejournal.iainpalopo.ac.id/index.php/kelola/article/view/440/340
Utomo, F. 2012. Analisis Pengaruh Kemitraan terhadap Pendapatan Petani Wortel di Agro Farm Desa Ciherang Kabupaten Cianjur, Jawa Barat [skripsi]. Bogor: Istitut Pertanian Bogor.
Wibowo, C., & Utomo, A. P. (2017). Pendapatan Petani Padi Sawah di Pulau Jawa Tahun 2013 dan Faktor-faktor yang Memengaruhinya. IJCCS, 1(1), 1–16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.12705.51041

Widodo, H. 2013. Partisipasi Petani dalam Program Sekolah Lapang Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu (SL-PTT) dan Dampaknya terhadap Produktivitas dan Pendapatan Usahatani Padi (Studi Kasus pada SL-PTT Padi Hibrida dan Non-Hibrida) [skripsi]. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya.