SENYAWA ASAM 2- METILESTER-1-H-PIROL-4-KARBOKSILAT DALAM EKSTRAK ETIL ASETAT BUAH SALAK VARIETAS BONGKOK SEBAGAI ANTIOKSIDAN DAN ANTIHYPERURICEMIA [Studies on 2-Methylester-1-H-Pyrolle-4-Carboxylic Acid Compound in Ethylacetate Extract of Snake Fruit Var

  • Leni Herliani Afrianti
  • Elin Yulinah Sukandar
  • Slamet Ibrahim
  • I Ketut Adnyana
Keywords: 2-methylester-1-H-pyrolle-4- carboxylic acid compound, ethyl acetate extract of snake fruit var. Bongkok, antioxidant activity, antihyperuricemia, IC50

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the antioxidant and antihyperuricemia activity of ethyl acetate extract of snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw.) var. Bongkok. The research methods used in this study comprised  of three stages. First stage, the isolation processes, consist ed of maceration, fractionation, and purification using several techniques of chromatography. The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were determined based on UV, IR, 1-D NMR, and 2-D NMR spectral data. The ethyl acetate extract of snake fruit var. Bongkok isolated was a new compound 2-methylester-1-H-pyrolle-4- carboxylic acid. In the second stage the antioxidant activity of the extract and the isolated compounds were measured by 1,1 diphenol  (DPPH) method. The antioxidant activity of the extracts and the isolated compounds were expressed as IC50, The ethyl acetate extracts at concentrations of 0.2, 2, 20, 200, 400, and 2000 µg/mL showed inhibition of 9.67, 4.47, 41.89, 96.06, 82.54, and 90.60 % respectively, with an IC50 of 1.6 µg/mL. Ascorbic acid standards at the same concentration range showed an  IC50 of 0.54 µg/mL. Meanwhile, at the same concentrations the 2-methylester-1-H-pyrolle-4-carboxylic acid showed free radical inhibition of 17.48, 21.48, 18.14, 31.87, and 62.34 % respectively, with an  IC50 of 3.27  µg/mL. During the third stage,  the antihyperuricemic properties of the extracts and the isolated compound were examinated in vitro using inhibition of xanthin oxidase method. The ethyl acetate extracts at concentrations of 0.01, 0.02, 0.2, 2, and 2000  µg/mL showed xanthin oxidase inhibition of 49.24, 49.58, 50.28 and 52.26 % respectively, with an  IC50 of 24.75 µg/mL. At the same concentrations, the 2-methylester-1-H-pyrolle-4- carboxylic acid, showed xanthin oxidase inhibition of 27.7, 30.5, 37.3, 50.27 and 50.55 % respectively, with an IC50 of 48.86 µg/mL.  Allopurinol as a standard drug showed an IC50 of 0.92 µg/mL.

Author Biographies

Leni Herliani Afrianti
Departemen Teknologi Pangan Universitas Pasundan, Bandung
Elin Yulinah Sukandar
Farmakologi-Farmasi Klinik, Sekolah Farmasi Institut Teknologi Bandung
Slamet Ibrahim
Farmasi kimia Research Group, Sekolah Farmasi Institut Teknologi Bandung
I Ketut Adnyana
Farmakologi-Farmasi Klinik, Sekolah Farmasi Institut Teknologi Bandung
Published
2010-06-12
How to Cite
Afrianti, L. H., Sukandar, E. Y., Ibrahim, S., & Adnyana, I. K. (2010). SENYAWA ASAM 2- METILESTER-1-H-PIROL-4-KARBOKSILAT DALAM EKSTRAK ETIL ASETAT BUAH SALAK VARIETAS BONGKOK SEBAGAI ANTIOKSIDAN DAN ANTIHYPERURICEMIA [Studies on 2-Methylester-1-H-Pyrolle-4-Carboxylic Acid Compound in Ethylacetate Extract of Snake Fruit Var. Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan, 21(1), 66. Retrieved from http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtip/article/view/2464