Neue-Gemeinschaft: Digital Transformation of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises among Rural Community in Banyuwangi, East Java

  • Thita Mazya Communication and Community Development Science, IPB University
  • Lala M Kolopaking Communication and Community Development Science, IPB University
  • Arya Hadi Dharmawan Communication and Community Development Science, IPB University
  • Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat 2Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University
  • Arif Satria Communication and Community Development Science, IPB University
Keywords: digital platforms, digital transformation, economy community, MSMEs, rural development


This study aims to analyze the digital transformation of changing rural economy towards a digital society. Qualitative research methods were used, including 50 participants and in-depth interview informants, with participatory observation, policy analysis, and three series of focus group discussions both in person and online. The study found that internet intervention significantly impacts collective behaviour and improves MSMEs development. Referring to the continuum theory of Gemeinschaft-Gesellschaft, the study showed that these changes result in the formation of a ‘Neue Gemeinschaft’. Rural MSMEs are entering a new era due to the adoption of digital technology by businesses that support and exhibit characteristics such as the intensity of the use of internet networks, the ability to conduct digital transactions, and the preservation of village social values. Theoretically and empirically, the research indicates that digital transformation is driven by a change in collective behaviour around technology use, followed by inclusive rural digital economy.


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