Performance of Kerinci Ducks Treated by Cattle Rumen-Fluid Supernatant Addition as Source of Crude Enzyme in Rations

A. Budiansyah, Resmi Resmi, Filawati Filawati, U. Haroen


The objective of this study was to determine the effect of varying levels of cattle rumen fluid obtained from abattoirs as sources of a crude enzyme on growth performances and carcass characteristics of Kerinci ducks fed rations based on local feed ingredients. The research was carried out using 140 one-week-old male Kerinci ducks. The experiment used a randomized block design consisted of 5 treatments, each with 4 replicate groups and was blocked based on body weight, while each cage unit consisted of 7 ducks. The treatments applied were R1= 0 mL RFS/kg ration (control), R2= R1 + 22 mL RFS/kg ration, R3= R1 + 44 mL RFS/kg ration, R4= R1 + 66 mL RFS/kg ration, and R5= R1 + 88 mL RFS/kg ration. The experimental ducks were fed the experimental ration for 7 weeks and fed ad libitum according to the treatment. At the end of the 7th weeks of treatment, two ducks from each cage were slaughtered and utilized for analysis of carcass and digestive organs parameters. The results showed that the addition of RFS up to a level of 88 mL/kg ration had no significant effect (p>0.05) on feed consumption, feed conversion, carcass weight, and digestive-organ weight. Still, it had significant effects on body weight gain and final body weight. The highest body weight gain and final body weight were achieved with the addition of RFS at the level of 88 mL/kg ration. It can be concluded that the addition of cattle rumen-fluid supernatant as a source of crude enzymes at the level of 88 mL/kg ration improved the growth performance of local Kerinci ducks.


Adeola, O. 2006. Review of research in duck nutrient utilization. Int. J. Poult.Sci. 5:201-218.

Akyurek, H., A. A. Okur, & H. E. Samli. 2009. Impact of phytase and/or carbohydrases on performance, intestinal organs and bone development in broiler fed wheat-based diets containing different levels of phosphorus. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 8:1432-1437.

Attia, Y. A., N. F. Addeo, A. A. H. E. A. Al-Hamid, & F. Bovera. 2019. Effects of phytase supplementation to diets with or without zinc addition on growth performance and zinc utilization of white pekin ducks. Animals 9:1-12.

Attia, Y.A., W. S. El-Tahawy, Abd El-Hamid E. Abd El-Hamid, A. Nizza, M. A. Al-Harthi, M. I. El-Kelway, & F. Bovera, 2014. Effect of feed form, pellet diameter and enzymes supplementation on carcass characteristics, meat quality, blood plasma constituents and stress indicators of broilers. Archiv Tierzucht 57: 1-14.

Biyatmoko, D. & T. Rostini. 2016. The effect of protease enzyme supplementation to productivity eggs of alabio duck. Int. J. Biosci. 8:203-208.

Budiansyah, A., Resmi, Nahrowi, K. G. Wiryawan, M. T. Soehartono, & Y. Widyastuti. 2011. Hidrolisis zat makanan pakan oleh enzim cairan rumen sapi asal rumah potong hewan (Hidrolysis of feed nutrient by cow rumen liquid enzymes from slaughterhouse). Agrinak 1:17-24.

Budiansyah, A., Resmi, K. G. Wiryawan, M. T. Soehartono, Y. Widyastuti, & N. Ramli. 2010. Isolasi dan karakterisasi enzim karbohidrase cairan rumen sapi asal rumah potong hewan. Med. Pet. 33:36-43.

Effiong, M. E., U. L. Unah, G. E. Enyenihi, & E. K. Ndelekwute. 2019. Dietary effect of feed grade enzymes on growth and digestive physiology of broiler chickens fed rice bran-based diet. MOJ Anat. Physiol. 6:74-78.

Gitoee, A., H. Janmohammadi, A. Taghizadeh, & S. A. Rafat. 2014. Effects of a multi-enzyme on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens fed corn-soybean meal basal diets with different metabolizable energy levels. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 43:295-302.

Goli, S. & H. A. Shahryar. 2015. Effect of enzymes supplementation (Rovabio and Kemin) on some blood biochemical parameters, performance and carcass characterizes in broiler chickens. Iran. J. Appl. Anim. Sci. 5:127-131.

Hajati, H., M. Rezaei, & H. Sayyahzadeh. 2009. The effects of enzyme supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics and some blood parameters of broilers fed on corn-soybean meal-wheat diets. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 8:1199-1205.

Han, H. Y., K. Y. Zhang, X. M. Ding, S. P. Bai, Y. H. Luo, J. P. Wang, & Q. F. Zeng. 2017. Effect of dietary fiber levels on performance, gizzard development, intestinal morphology, and nutrient utilization in meat ducks from 1 to 21 days of age. Poult. Sci. 96:4333-4341.

Iriyanti, N., B. Hartoyo, & S. Suhermiyati. 2018. Performance and intestinal profiles of tegal duck fed ration supplemented with prebiotics. Trop. Anim. Sci. J. 41:15-21.

Kang, P., Y. Q. Hou, D. Toms, N. D. Yan, B. Y. Ding, & J. Gong. 2013. Effects of enzyme complex supplementation to a paddy-based diet on performance and nutrient digestibility of meat-type ducks. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 26:253-259.

Krás, R. V., A. M. Kessler, A. M. L. Ribeiro, J. D. I. Henn, I. dos Santos, D. P. Halfen, & L. Bockor. 2013. Effect of dietary fiber and genetic strain on the performance and energy balance of broiler chickens. Brazil. J. Poult. Sci. 5:15-20.

Moftakharzadeh, S. A., H. Moravej, & M. Shivazad. 2017. Effect of using the Matrix Values for NSP-degrading enzymes on performance, water intake, litter moisture and jejunal digesta viscosity of broilers fed barley-based diet. Acta Sci. - Anim. Sci. 39:65-72.

Moss, A. F., P. V. Chrystal, H. H. Truong, S. Y. Liu, & P. H. Selle. 2017. Effects of phytase inclusions in diets containing ground wheat or 12.5% whole wheat (pre- and post-pellet) and phytase and protease additions, individually and in combination, to diets containing 12.5% pre-pellet whole wheat on the performance of broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 234:139-150.

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th rev.ed. National Academy Press, Washington DC.

Purba, M. & A. P. Sinurat. 2018. Effect of supplementation of BS4-enzyme levels in rice-bran based rations on performance of growing PMp broiler duck. J. Ilmu Ternak dan Vet. 23:38-44.

Rey, M., F. Enjalbert, & V. Monteils. 2012. Establishment of ruminal enzyme activities and fermentation capacity in dairy calves from birth through weaning. J. Dairy Sci. 95: 1500–1512

Rui, Y., Su, Z. H. Yan-min, A. Wen-jun, N. Rajput, & W. Tian. 2012. Effect of dietary supplementation of compound enzymes on endogenous digestive enzymes in cherry valley ducks fed miscellaneous meal diet. Pak. J. Zool. 44:1561-1566.

Shahir, M. H., S. Moradi, O. Afsarian, & O. Esmaeilipour. 2013. Effects of cereal type, enzyme and sodium butyrate addition on growth performance, carcass traits and intestinal morphology of broilers. Brazil. J. Poult. Sci. 15:181-189.

Steel, R. G. D., & J. H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistic. Translated By: Bambang Sumatri (1989) into Indonesian with the title “Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika, Suatu Pendekatan Biometrik”. PT. Gramedia, Jakarta.

Teymouri, H., H. Zarghi, & A. Golian. 2018. Evaluation of hull-less barley with or without enzyme cocktail in the finisher diets of broiler chickens. J. Agric. Sci. Technol. 20:469-483.

Vaithiyanathan, S., S. Saravanakumar, P. B. Reddy, & C. Ramakrishna. 2015. Seasonal variation in fibre degrading enzymes activities in the rumen contents of slaughtered sheep, goat and buffalo. Anim. Nutr. Feed Technol. 15: 111-120. http://doi: 10.5958/0974-181X.2015.00012.8

Wang, S. P., W. J. Wang, D. S. Yang, X. L. Zhao, D. M. Luo, & Y. B. Guo. 2017. Growth, carcass, and physiological traits of growing male China micro-ducks fed various levels of dietary crude fibre. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 62:347-356.

Wasilewski, R., D. Kokoszyrński, A. Mieczkowska, Z. Bernacki, & A. Görska. 2015. Structure of the digestive system of ducks depending on sex and genetic background. Acta Vet. Brno 84:153-158.

Zeng, Q., X. Huang, Y. Luo, X. Ding, S. Bai, J. Wang, Y. Xuan, Z. Su, Y. Liu, & K. Zhang. 2015. Effects of a multi-enzyme complex on growth performance, nutrient utilization and bone mineralization of meat duck. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol. 6:6-13.

Zhu, H. L., L. L. Hu, Y. Q. Hou, J. Zhang, & B. Y. Ding. 2014. The effects of enzyme supplementation on performance and digestive parameters of broilers fed corn-soybean diets. Poult. Sci. 93:1704-1712.


A. Budiansyah (Primary Contact)
Resmi Resmi
Filawati Filawati
U. Haroen
BudiansyahA., ResmiR., FilawatiF., & HaroenU. (2020). Performance of Kerinci Ducks Treated by Cattle Rumen-Fluid Supernatant Addition as Source of Crude Enzyme in Rations. Tropical Animal Science Journal, 43(2), 125-132.

Article Details

List of Cited By :

Crossref logo