Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)
Towards a New Paradigm of Indonesian Rural Development
Theories of rural development continue to renew and change. One of the most significant thoughts was when the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) in 2006 published "The New Rural Paradigm". Although focuses on rural development issues in OECD countries, especially in Europe, it uncovers regional development in the millennial era. In the publication, it is stated that rural areas are no longer identical and stagnant but are areas of growth that can develop faster than urban areas. The key to this paradigm is not limiting rural potential to only agriculture. Rural areas have other growth potentials such as tourism, rural industry, information and communication technology, and others. The view that saw rural areas as a “cost center” and was oriented towards subsidies has changed to an investment perspective. Moreover, the main actors of development should not only rely on the government, but rural development needs to maximize many parties, including the business world and NGOs (Non-Government Organizations).