Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 6 No. 2 (2022)
Governance of Natural Resources, Environment, and Rural-Urban Settlement System
Sustainable management systems for natural resources, the environment, and settlements require various forms of evaluation to assist in the management decision-making process. In this issue, six articles presented contain various forms of evaluation, analysis, and regional management strategies, both in rural and urban areas. The first three articles are concerning about rural cases and the remaining three are about urban cases.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022)
Towards a New Paradigm of Indonesian Rural Development
Theories of rural development continue to renew and change. One of the most significant thoughts was when the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) in 2006 published "The New Rural Paradigm". Although focuses on rural development issues in OECD countries, especially in Europe, it uncovers regional development in the millennial era. In the publication, it is stated that rural areas are no longer identical and stagnant but are areas of growth that can develop faster than urban areas. The key to this paradigm is not limiting rural potential to only agriculture. Rural areas have other growth potentials such as tourism, rural industry, information and communication technology, and others. The view that saw rural areas as a “cost center” and was oriented towards subsidies has changed to an investment perspective. Moreover, the main actors of development should not only rely on the government, but rural development needs to maximize many parties, including the business world and NGOs (Non-Government Organizations).
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 5 No. 3 (2021)
Spatial Analysis for Urbanization Control, Facility Distribution, and Rural Sustainability
Spatial analysis is an analytical approach in regional development planning and management system that utilizes analyzed spatial data. One of the development issues of regions that is undergoing the process of urbanization, especially in suburban or peri-urban areas, is the issue of urban sprawl, which is the process of irregular and scattered urban physical growth with low density, causing various forms of inefficiency and waste of resources. Along with spatial analysis, analysis of development sustainability at local and village scales is a regional-based analysis that can provide support in making development policy/planning decisions based on locally specific characteristics of the region. In this issue of the journal, four out of five articles utilize spatial analysis approach in methods to analyze urban sprawl, settlement planning, and health facilities. The five articles are oriented towards efforts to maintain sustainable development, both at the regional and local, village scales.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 5 No. 2 (2021)
Connection between Pluralism, Social Capital, and Rural Agriculture with Settlement and Urban Infrastructure
Rural regions in Indonesia have experienced transformation from time to time. A country rich with culture, Indonesia is predicted having more than 300 ethnic groups and 1,340 tribes. Compared with urban areas, rural areas are more homogenous. Each village is generally still dominated by its original tribe. Nonetheless, tribe heterogeneity in a region, both in urban and rural areas, is increasing.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021)
Sustainable Rural and Urban Spatial Planning
Spatial planning basically is a development process by means of spatial arrangement approach, which form spaces that are productive and efficient (economic pillar), balanced and just (socio-institutional pillar), and sustainable (environmental pillar). A productive and competitive spatial plan shall be supported, requires social cohesion with social capital that is capable to maintain social stability and opportunistic behaviors. One of the forms of development balance is the balance between rural and urban. Development system that are urban biased have negative impact on the balance of regional development. Space productivity and social cohesion shall be supported by a sustainable environment, which means activities that utilize space shall be under control, thus do not exceed the environmental carrying capacity. The exceeding of environmental carrying capacity effects the balance of resource supply scale and may cause environmental disasters. A sustainable environment is a guarantor to socio-economic growth in long term.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 4 No. 3 (2020)
Tourism Development, Economy, and Rural Community Vulnerability Challenges
In 2006, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) published the New Rural Paradigm, which stated the importance of development of non-agricultural sectors in rural areas. Learning from experiences of industrially advanced OECD countries particularly in Europe, rural areas have been losing their growth potential because of lack of attention on non agricultural sectors. In fact, even rural areas are possible to become regional growth centers outside urban areas. Ten years later in 2016, OECD published its thought concerning a new paradigm on rural development particularly for developing countries, titled “A New Rural Development Paradigm for the 21st Century - A Toolkit for Developing Countries”. The concept of rural development offered in the publication has similarity with the publication ten years before, where non agricultural sectors could be the key in 21st century rural advancement. Despite so, especially in developing countries, the agricultural sector remains very important.
In line with OECD’s thoughts, rural areas in Bali and Java have arise and placed tourism and creative economy sector as their development backbone. In this edition, 3 from 5 articles discuss the role of tourism and creative economy sector in rural areas. As in OECD (2016), especially for developing countries, besides non agricultural potentials, agricultural commodities including food crop commodities remain as leading commodities in many rural areas. One way to advance the sector is through the development of information system for food crops by using Geographical Information System (GIS). In this edition, Jauhari’s study in Pacitan Regency, East Java Province, identified food crop leading commodities and map the production area. From the analysis, it was found that leading food crop commodities in Pacitan Regency are cassava, corn, and rice. There are two clusters of leading food crop commodity development in Pacitan Regency: in the Northeast and Northwest. Northeast around Bandar District, is the center production of cassava, corn, and rice. Meanwhile, Northwest around Punung District, is the location of rice production. This research is expected to contribute to policy formulation to determine leading food crop commodities and developing agropolitan area in Pacitan Regency.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020)
Rural development in Indonesia during the last five years has experienced a considerably drastic change in approach as an effort from the government to overcome the lagging of rural development and to reduce poverty level since two third of the national poor population reside at rural areas. The first three articles in this edition highlight various dynamics of rural development, ranging from the issue of village fund effectivity managed by village government, tourism village development, to land cover conversion at rural areas in relation to environmental issues. The other two articles discuss metropolitan suburban phenomena in Java Island and Sulawesi Island: an article discusses characteristics of commuters which commute from rural and suburban areas in West Java Province; and the last article discusses the dynamics of land registration spatial distribution in metropolitan suburban in South Sulawesi.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020)
This edition of JP2WD covers three articles that discuss the role of two natural resources, natural forest and lake, that hold an important role as common pool resources (CPRs) to the welfare of local communities: two articles discuss the important role of forestry in regional development in Java Island and one article discusses the important role of lake to local community in Papua Island. In addition, two other articles each discusses the plan for developing Indonesia’s new capital city and the readiness of Surakarta City as a smart city.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 3 No. 3 (2019)
Issues related to regional disparity are very popular in regional development studies. A fair and just regional balance are believed to be not merely a development goal, but also believed could ensure regional economic development to be sustainable in a long term.
In this edition, Fauzi et al. portrayed disparity of the province with the second largest population in Indonesia (39.7 million in year 2019) and the most regencies/cities: East Java Province.
Article by Klau et al. and by Wijayanti and Pratomo in this edition discusses agropolitan practice in Malaka Regency at the border between Indonesia and Timor-Leste and minapolitan case in Malang Regency, East Java Province respectively.
On the other hand, the result of minapolitan study by Wijayanti and Pratomo shows that majority of districts (20 out of 33 districts) in Malang Regency are included in the category of highly rural and only 3 districts have strong urban characteristics (rurban type A).
Besides problems of disparity and linkage with urban areas, rural areas face institutional issues as well. One of the important issues faced by rural areas bordering with forest areas are institutional issues in accessing forest resources. In the effort to strengthen rural economy, the Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration promoted the formulation of village-owned business entities (BUMDes).
The final article of this edition reviews development issues in province scale. Similar to most provinces in Sumatera Island which growth have been relying on their primary sectors (agriculture and mining), economy of Jambi Province needs to transition by developing its secondary sector: the industry sector. Wibisono et al. discusses industrial sector development in Jambi province.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 3 No. 2 (2019)
Development at many areas in Indonesia and in other countries that are developing to become middle-income countries are characterized by transformation or structure shift in its economy, from agrarian domination to a more industry and service sector domination. Five articles in this journal discusses development strategies based on industry, business financing system development, and transportation system development, which are potential to be the motor of regional economic development if accompanied by competitive advantages. Study on the potential of industry sector together with its primary material provider can be conducted in rural and regional scale. Articles in this journal discusses rural scale at regency level and regional scale in province level.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019)
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (JP2WD) Volume 3, Number 1, February 2019 covers seven articles which discuss actual development issues on regional policy and planning, characterized by domination of rural and urban areas in Indonesia. The first three articles discuss the potential of agriculture sector/commodity in promoting rural-characterized economic growth and regional sustainability. The following three articles discuss issues on settlement system sustainability, ranging from rural-characterized areas to metropolitan areas. The final article particularly discusses strategies for industrial cluster development.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 2 No. 3 (2018)
This edition of Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning covers a wide range of articles on regional development which are interesting to discuss. There are several groups of issues discussed. The first three articles focus on development growth strategies for rural areas and areas that depend on agro-maritime potentials. The fourth article focuses on development of relatively disadvantaged regions, emphasizing on development equality strategies. The fifth article focuses on rural development issues in Java Island which faces conflict with modern sector intervention. Last two articles discuss the development of two urban areas, one on new extended town in Sumatera Island and another on a metropolitan in Java Island that is shaping itself as a global modern city.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 2 No. 2 (2018)
This edition of JP2WD pictures the Environment-Regional Economy Issues and Adaptation Strategies, which is presented in 7 articles.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 2 No. 1 (2018)
The largest tropic country in the world, Indonesia is developing and transforming
towards a middle-income country. This transformation is occurring at rural areas in
Indonesia as well. Relatively stabile economic growth with moderate to high acceleration
since early 2000s has increased people’s welfare on one side but has been accompanied with
problems, such as environmental degradation, disasters, agrarian conflict, inequality of
development, shift of consumption patterns and efforts to discover new growth sources at
rural areas and regions. This edition of JP2WD pictures the problems mentioned, which is
presented in 7 articles written diversely by academicians and technocrats from various
institutions across Indonesia.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 1 No. 3 (2017)
This edition of JP2WD covers seven papers: three discuss issues of rural areas, another three
discuss issues of urban areas, and the other article discusses issues of an urban-rural transition area.
Issues of rural areas discussed are mainly on efforts to enhance the local economy, as well as to
maintain the sustainability of agricultural activities and existence of forest areas. On the other hand,
issues of urban areas discussed covers efforts to improve basic infrastructure services (particularly
clean water and transportation), as well as the potential of community-based urban tourism
Full Preface can be download on the link below:
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 1 No. 2 (2017)
In developing and middle-income countries, development of rural and remote areas are often faced with the limited and decrease in the number of population, as well as the efforts to promote regional growth and rural/regional attractiveness in order to counterbalance the magnet of urbanization to urban areas. On the other side, rural areas are urged to maintain their function as food producers and manage their natural resources and environment in a sustainable manner. Meanwhile, urban areas in developing and transforming countries are faced with problems of slum settlement, urban poor, provision of environmental facilities and infrastructure, and land use control.
This edition of JP2WD covers 9 articles that pictures issues and strategies on rural and urban development in Indonesia and Malaysia that reflects the current situation of developing countries or countries that are or have transitioned to become middle-income countries in Southeast Asia. An article reviews local development strategies which covers both urban and rural areas in Malang regency in Java island, four articles discuss issues of rural areas, and four other articles discuss issues of urban areas.
Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
The initial edition of Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (JP2WD) covers 9 articles that pictures the current variety of research topics concerned by researchers in the field of regional and rural development planning. The articles cover critical studies on regional development disparity, regional potential, and community resilience in facing the pressure of change.