ANALISIS DAMPAK PENGOLAHAN HASIL PERIKANAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (LCA): STUDI LITERATUR
The development of the fishery industry not only provides advantages, but has a significant impact on the
environment. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) can be used to identify positive and negative environmental impacts of
a process or product, find opportunities for processing and product development, comparing and analyzing the
impact of the environment caused and calculat the environmental impacts resulting from a quantitative product.
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) according to the ISO 14040 consists of four stages, namely the determination of the
goals and scope, inventory analysis, impact analysis, and interpretation. The purpose of this literature study was
to identify and quantify the potential pollution and environmental impact caused by the production process in the
fishery industry. Fishery products studied were fish fillets and canned fish products. The potential environmental
impacts of processing of fishery industry cover greenhouse gas (GHG), acidification, and eutrophication. The
description of the environmental impact analysis in the fishery processing industry was explained in this work. The
literature data indicates that the impact of GHG is caused by CO2, the impact of acidification is generated by SO2, and the effects of eutrophication are generated by PO4
3-. Recommendations for improvements are replacing energy
sources and fuels.
Keywords: acidification, eutrophication, fishery processing industry, GHG, life cycle assessment