STUDIES ON THE MECHANICAL PRESSING CONDITIONS IN RUBBER SEED OIL (Hevea brasiliensis) PRODUCTION FOR LEATHER TANNING

  • Ono Suparno, Kurnia Sofyan dan Muh. Idham Aliem

Abstract

ABSTRACT
 
Pressing is one of the important steps in the oil production by using a mechanical method.  Optimization
in the oil pressing need is conducted in order to obtain high yield and quality of the oil. A suitable temperature
and pressure in the oil pressing will give an optimum condition for the operation causing oil flows easier.  The
objectives of this research were to get conditions of temperature and pressure in rubber seed pressing in order
to obtain high yield and physico-chemical properties of rubber seed oil for the chamois tanning.  The sun-dried
seeds were dried in an oven at temperature of 70 o
C for one hour, and then were pressed by using a hydraulic
pressing at temperatures of 55 o
C, 65 o
C and 75 o
C and pressures of 15 tonnes/196.15 cm2
, 17.5 tonnes/196.15
cm2
 and 20 tonnes/196.15 cm2
.  Yield of the oil and oil content of its cake were measured.  Their physico-chemical properties of the oil including colour, iodine value, acid value, and free-fatty acid content were
measured.  The results show that condition giving the best yield and physico-chemical properties of the rubber
seed oil for leather tanning was pressing at temperature of 75 o
C and pressure of 20 tonnes/196.15 cm2
.   
 
Keywords:  rubber seed oil, pressure, temperature, yield, leather tanning

Author Biography

Ono Suparno, Kurnia Sofyan dan Muh. Idham Aliem
Departement Teknologi Industri Pertanian