IDENTIFIKASI REVITALISASI PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DI SUMATERA UTARA

  • Juliza Hidayati, Sukardi, Ani Suryani, Anas Miftah Fauzi, Sugiharto

Abstract

Since 2006, Indonesia’s CPO production has surpassed Malaysia’s to be the world largest producer.
Nevertheless, Indonesia is evidently lower in productivity. The expectation for new plantation is relatively high
due to the constant increasing demand for CPO, especially for biodiesel related purposes. North Sumatera
province as the pioneer in palm oil plantation in Indonesia has huge potentials to grow in the future, with the
existing plantation land of 12.71% out of total plantation land in Indonesia. The idea of setting up North
Sumatera as a benchmark in national palm plantation industry is not impossible. For that reason, the plantation
revitalization program should be carried out. The aim of palm oil plantation revitalization program is to
increase competitiveness mainly by increasing productivity. This can be achieved not only through plantation
land extent but also by increasing the land productivity per hectare. Hence, it is crucial that the process to
identify all possible efforts in order to increase palm oil plantation productivity in North Sumatera be carried
out. Identification process might start by analyzing all factors affecting palm oil plantation productivity by using
analytical network process (ANP). Potential factors that have huge impact to increasing land productivity are
such as plant diseases, seeding, fertilizer selection, fertilizer dosage, appropriate tools and equipment used, type
of land, fertilizing frequency, working procedures, weeding control, pest control, fertilizing technology and seed
fertilizing. Population per hectare and plant uniformity up to 31.5%, and fertilizing at 27.6% would contribute
as the main factors to be closely monitored and observed further in order to increase palm oil plantation
productivity.
Keywords: Palm oil agroindustry, plantation revitalization, productivity, the pioneer in palm oil plantation

Published
2017-04-18