• Nurul Firdaus, Marimin dan Kirbrandoko


Distribution system is part of a logistics system that has a major role for increase the company’s
logistic cost. The increase of fuel prices, labor costs, and presence of traffic congestion in Jabodetabek and
Bandung area and also to determine the best alternative strategies which viewed from the estimated of the
company’s required raw materials on each day, empty capacity of the truck, and also costs incurred on each
month. The determine the best alternative distribution strategies, raw material necessity forecasting are needed
which will affect the entire capacity of the truck as well as the minimum spanning tree which used to determine
the most efficient alternative pathway. After simulation of the company’s distribution channel, then there are
three alternative distributions which incorporating with the different combination of pathways. Alternative I
determined by changed the distribution channels of each company’s truck, alternative II determined by changed
the distribution channels based on the shortest distance of the main warehouse and unify all outlets both inside
and outside Jabodetabek and Bandung area into one distribution pathway, and the alternative III determined
based on the shortest distance from the main warehouse but separating outlets in outside Jabodetabek and
Bandung area into one group. Based on the environmental conditions in Jabodetabek and Bandung which have
frequent traffic congestion, the monthly required distribution cost, the empty capacity of each truck, and
estimated company needs of marine fish, it can be stated that alternative II is deal alternative and can be used
by the company.
Keywords: distribution cost, distribution system, forecasting, logistic system, minimum spanning tree