PENGIKATAN GARAM EMPEDU OLEH SUSU KEDELAI TERFERMENTASI DAN STABILITASNYA TERHADAP PEPSIN DAN PANKREATIN [Binding of Bile Salts by Fermented Soymilk and Its Stability Against Pepsin and Pancreatin]

  • . Yusmarini Program Studi Teknologi Hasil Pertanian, Universitas Riau, Riau
  • Retno Indrati Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
  • Tyas Utami Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
  • Yustinus Marsono Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
Keywords: bile salt, fermented soymilk

Abstract

ABSTRACT Processed soybean products especially the fermented ones have beneficial health effects since they are capable of reducing the level of plasmacholesterol (hypocholesterolemic effect). One of the mechanisms is by increasing the binding of bile salt. This research was aimed to assess the ability of soymilk, fermented soymilk products and fermented soymilk products combined with enzymatic hydrolysis to bind bile salts. The stability of the binding against hydrolysis by digestive enzymes (pepsin and pancreatin) was also evaluated. Fermented soybean products inoculated with isolates of L. plantarum 1 R.11.1.2 was be able to bind 1.40 μmol/100 mg protein (62.26%) of natrium taurocholate. This binding ability is slightly higher than that of soymilk to natrium taurocholate, i.e.1.33 μmol/100 mg protein (59.04%). Addition of a protease enzyme specific to hydrophobic amino acid (thermolysin) on fermented soymilk products was able to enhance the ability of bind natrium taurocholate. Enzymatic hydrolysis products having a molecular weight of <7 kDa could bind 1.51 μmol/100 mg protein natrium taurocholate (67.4%). There was a significant increase in the binding, i.e. 7.9% by the fermented products or an increase of 13.5% from soymilk. Meanwhile peptides measuring ≥7 kDa showed no binding ability against natrium taurocholate. Keywords: bile salt, fermented soymilk
Published
2013-10-04
How to Cite
Yusmarini, ., Indrati, R., Utami, T., & Marsono, Y. (2013). PENGIKATAN GARAM EMPEDU OLEH SUSU KEDELAI TERFERMENTASI DAN STABILITASNYA TERHADAP PEPSIN DAN PANKREATIN [Binding of Bile Salts by Fermented Soymilk and Its Stability Against Pepsin and Pancreatin]. Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan, 24(1), 105. https://doi.org/10.6066/jtip.2013.24.1.105