• Syaiful Eddy Universitas Sriwijaya
  • Mohammad Rasyid Ridho Universitas Sriwijaya
  • Iskhaq Iskandar Universitas Sriwijaya
  • Andy Mulyana Universitas Sriwijaya


The mangrove forests are a type of salt tolerant vegetation, living in tidal zones in tropical and subtropical coastal
areas with unique ecosystem that have a strategic function as a connector and counterweight of terrestrial and marine
ecosystems. Mangrove forests are a productive ecosystem and they have complex functions, such as physical functions,
biological functions and socio-economic functions. Fishery resources of mangrove forests are very productive, both
quantitatively and qualitatively, because the mangrove forests act as the natural habitat (spawning, nursery and feeding
grounds) for various species of fish, shrimps and crabs, as well as a source of germplasm and genetic pool. Mangrove
forests also provide valuable ecosystem services to coastal communities, tourist attractions, nature conservation,
education and research. However, these ecosystems are fragile because it is very sensitive to environmental changes,
usually because anthropogenic influences; therefore, it is difficult to be restored. In addition, these ecosystems are so
openly accessible that easily exploited by humans; this can reduce its quality and quantity. Local communities who use
mangrove forests and their resources may have considerable botanical and ecological knowledge about their forests.
Silvofishery techniques in aquaculture are very suitable for community-based mangrove forests conservation efforts.
Silvofishery is an integrated model that considers both economically benefit and conservation.

Key words: mangrove conservation, sustainable fisheries, community-based


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Author Biographies

Syaiful Eddy, Universitas Sriwijaya
Student of Environmental Science Section of Doctorate Program, University of Sriwijaya, Palembang
Mohammad Rasyid Ridho, Universitas Sriwijaya
Faculty of Science, University of Sriwijaya, Inderalaya
Iskhaq Iskandar, Universitas Sriwijaya
Faculty of Science, University of Sriwijaya, Inderalaya
Andy Mulyana, Universitas Sriwijaya
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sriwijaya, Inderalaya