ANALISIS OPTIMASI ARMADA PENANGKAPAN MADIDIHANG SKALA KECIL DI KABUPATEN SERAM BAGIAN BARAT (Fishing Fleet Optimization Analysis of Small Scale Yellowfin Tuna in West Seram Regency)

Ruslan H.S. Tawari, Domu Simbolon, Ari Purbayanto, Am Azbas Taurusman

Abstract


ABSTRACT
Optimum allocation of catching fleet must be determined optimally so that the level of utilization of fish resources is not excessive and prevent horizontal conflicts among fishermen in getting the same fishing area in the future. This study aims to determine the optimum allocation of catching yellowfin small-scale units in the district of West Seram. Research using the linear goal programming (LGP). To optimize the number of fishing unit, this study suggested that increasing number of the 40 HP fishing boat size from 25 to 38 units, while for the boat of 18 and 15 HP sizes should be maintained on the actual number of 55 and 45 units, respectively. The allocation does not reduce unit allocation of certain existing arrest, thus avoiding conflict and socially friendly.

Keywords: allocation, optimum, fishing fleet, small-scale

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ABSTRAK

Alokasi optimum armada penangkapan harus ditentukan secara optimal agar tingkat pemanfaatan potensi sumber daya ikan tidak berlebihan dan mencegah timbulnya konflik horizontal antar nelayan dalam memperebutkan daerah penangkapan yang sama di kemudian hari. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan alokasi optimum unit penangkapan madidihang skala kecil di Kabupaten Seram Bagian Barat. Penelitian menggunakan metode Linier Goal Programming (LGP). Optimasi unit penangkapan madidihang, menunjukkan terjadi peningkatan pada alokasi unit penangkapan armada 40 PK dari 25 unit menjadi 38 unit, sedangkan armada 18 PK dan armada 15 PK dipertahankan sesuai kondisi aktualnya masing-masing 55 unit dan 45 unit. Pengaturan alokasi ini tidak mengurangi alokasi unit penangkapan tertentu yang sudah ada, sehingga menghindari konflik dan ramah secara sosial.


Kata kunci: alokasi, optimum, armada penangkapan, skala kecil


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jmf.5.2.129-137

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