Ecotourism of Cireundeu and Basic Sundanese’ Way of Life

Moh Zaenal Abidin Eko Putro, Kustini

Abstract

Nowadays, some indigenous religion members in Indonesia are still fighting to grasp a fully civil rights recognition granted by the state. However, the way of such effort undertaken by people of Sunda Wiwitan of Cireundeu Cimahi is different. Rather than claiming the civil rights rigorously, they introduce as well as organize community ecotourism by preserving natural environment combined with Sundanese culture. This article aims at uncovering social changing around the shifting point of organizing ecotourism, objections from outsiders and adaptation with social environment whereby they negotiate with. Based on qualitative research which focuses on observation, in-depth interview, as well as literature study, this paper aims to portray the ecotourism initiative and its recent empowerment in this community which currently makes their customary village (kampung adat) well-known as one of the Sundanese cultural tourism destinations for not only Bandung greater area people, but also for the people of outside Bandung and abroad as well. The result shows that albeit some restrictions on expressing civil rights status still occur, having previous experience of losing informal job and objections from other groups alike, this community can maximize their teaching as well as their natural landscape potential in managing self-ecotourism based on their local cultural values. 


 

References

Aspers, P., & Corte, U. (2019). What is qualitative in qualitative research. Qualitative Sociology, 42, 139–160. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11133-019-9413-7
Bharti, S. (2019). Reclaiming indigenous identity and cultural diversity in Canada. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 11(2), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.21659/rupkatha.v11n2.01
Boley, B. B., & Green, G. T. (2016). Ecotourism and natural resource conservation: The "potential" for a sustainable symbiotic relationship. Journal of Ecotourism, 15(1), 36–50. https://doi.org/10.1080/14724049.2015.1094080
Byczek, C. (2011). Blessings for all? Community-based ecotourism in Bali between global, national, and local interests-A case study. Aseas, 4(1), 81–106. https://doi.org/10.4232/10.ASEAS-4.1-5
Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., & Whitford, M. (2016). Indigenous peoples and tourism: The challenges and opportunities for sustainable tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(8–9), 1067–1079. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2016.1206112
Ceballos-Lascurain, H. (2008). Ecotourism and ecolodge development in the 21st century. In A. Stronza, & W. H. Durham (Eds.), Ecotourism and conservation in the Americas (pp. 193–203). CABI Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1079/9781845934002.0193
Charnley, S. (2005). From nature tourism to ecotourism? The case of the Ngorongoro conservation area, Tanzania. Human Organization, 64(1), 75–88. https://doi.org/10.17730/humo.64.1.u8fer0aap3ceg4a1
Clinton, N., & Westman, C. N. (2013). Pentecostalism and indigenous culture in Northern North America. Anthropologica, 55(1), 141–156. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/24467381
Cobbinah, P. B., Black, R., & Thwaites, R. (2015). Ecotourism implementation in the Kakum conservation area, Ghana: Administrative framework and local community experiences. Journal of Ecotourism, 14(2–3), 223–242. https://doi.org/10.1080/14724049.2015.1051536
Coria, J., & Calfucura, E. (2012). Ecotourism and the development of indigenous communities: The good, the bad, and the ugly. Ecological Economics, 73, 47–55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.10.024
Fajriyah, I. M. D., & Kustini. (2013). Realitas pemenuhan hak-hak sipil masyarakat adat Kampung Dukuh Garut. Harmoni, 12(3), 83–95.
Farihah, R. (2020). Putusan MK nomor 97/PUU-XIV/2016 dan pengaruhnya terhadap perubahan identitas perempuan penghayat. STAATSRECHT: Indonesian Constitutional Law Journal, 4(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.15408/siclj.v4i1.16126
He, G., Chen, X., Liu, W., Bearer, S., Zhou, S., Cheng, L. Y., ..., & Liu, J. (2008). Distribution of economic benefits from ecotourism: A case study of Wolong Nature Reserve for giant pandas in China. Environmental Management, 42, 1017. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-008-9214-3
Herawati, H., Kamsiati, E., & Bachtiar, M. (2020). Canvas business and feasibility model of cassava gluten-free noodle processing in Cirendeu Village. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 443, 012035 https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/443/1/012035
Hernawan, Ruhaliah, Suherman, A., & Nugraha, H. S. (2019). Sundanese culture-based ecoliteracy. In A. G. Abdullah, A. A. Danuwijaya, N. Haristiani, R. Dallyono, Y. Wirza, & D. Yuliana (Eds.), Proceedings of the second conference on language, literature, education, and culture (ICOLLITE 2018) (pp. 399–401). Atlantis Press. https://doi.org/10.2991/icollite-18.2019.88
Indrawardana, I. (2014). Berketuhanan dalam perspektif kepercayaan Sunda Wiwitan. MELINTAS An International Journal of Philosophy and Religion, 30(1), 105–118. https://doi.org/10.26593/mel.v30i1.1284.105-118
Jabbaril, G. (2018). Ketahanan hidup masyarakat Kampung Adat Cirendeu dalam perspektif antropologis. Jurnal Budaya Etnika, 2(1), 35–42. https://doi.org/10.26742/be.v2i1.1152
Kurnia, L. (2014). “Seren Taun” between hegemony and culture industry; Reading a Sundanese ritual of harvest in Cigugur, West Java. Wacana, 15(2), 300–313. https://doi.org/10.17510/wacana.v15i2.405
Lai, P. H., & Nepal, S. K. (2006). Local perspectives of ecotourism development in Tawushan Nature Reserve, Taiwan. Tourism Management, 27(6), 1117–1129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2005.11.010
Maarif, S. (2015). Ammatoan indigenous religion and forest conservation. Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion, 19(2), 144160. https://doi.org/10.1163/15685357-01902005
Mahmudin, Junaedi, E., Mubarok, H., & Riyadi, D. S. (2021). Kohesi sosial dan keberagaman agama: Studi perbandingan modal sosial Sunda Wiwitan Kuningan dan Cimahi, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Penamas, 34(2), 181–202. https://doi.org/10.31330/penamas.v34i2.518
Mutaqin, Z. Z. (2014). Penghayat, orthodoxy and the legal politics of the state: The survival of Agama Djawa Sunda (Madraisism) in Indonesia. Indonesia and the Malay World, 42(122), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/13639811.2014.870771
Nikmawati, E. E., Widiaty, I., Achdiani, Y., Hurriyati, R., & Mubaroq, S. R. (2019). Educational digital media for traditional food of Kampung Adat Cireundeu: An ethnopedagogy perspective. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 14(5), 25402551.
Ningrum, V. (2019). Agriculture liberalization and marginalized young local people: Evidence from a food plantation in Lampung. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, 22(3), 230. https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.37654
Picard, M., & Madinier, P. (Eds.). (2011). The politics of religion in Indonesia: Syncretism, orthodoxy, and religious contention in Java and Bali. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203817049
Pulungan, M. S. (2013). Optimalisasi pengembangan potensi ekowisata sebagai objek wisata andalan di Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara Provinsi Kaltim. Jurnal Bina Praja, 5(30), 205214. https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.05.2013.205-214
Putro, M. Z. A. E., & Kosasih, K. (2021). Ketimpangan antara pemenuhan hak sipil dan hak-hak lainnya pada anak Sunda Wiwitan, Cireundeu, Cimahi. Jurnal HAM, 12(3), 485502. https://doi.org/10.30641/ham.2021.12.485-502
Rohmatulloh, Hasanah, A. & Ruswandi, U. (2020). Character education of food local culture values in the people of Kampung Adat Cirendeu in West Java through exemplary. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, 11(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpk.v10i1.28658
Rosyid, M. (2014). Mengevaluasi ulang dakwah pada pemeluk agama lokal: Studi kasus pada komunitas Samin. Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah, 34(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.21580/jid.v34.1.41
Saraswati, & Gulfa, R. P. (2017). Kearifan budaya lokal Kampung Adat Cirendeu dan konsep swasembada pangan. In A. R. Febriamansyah, M. Noer, Z. Azriani, & Hasnah (Eds.), Prosiding seminar nasional perencanaan pembangunan inklusif desa kota (pp. 451–458). Universitas Andalas Padang.
Schiller, A. (1996). An “Old” religion in “New Order” Indonesia: Notes on ethnicity and religious affiliation. Sociology of Religion, 57(4), 409–417. https://doi.org/10.2307/3711895
Sihombing, U. P. (2020). Penafsiran atas makna agama di dalam Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 menurut Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 97/PUU-XIV/2016 dan Nomor 140/PUU-VII/2009. Jurnal Konstitusi, 16(4), 677694. https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1641
Sisriany, S., & Furuya, K. (2020). Ecotourism policy research trends in Indonesia, Japan, and Australia. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 26(2), 178–188. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.26.2.178
Siswanto, A., & Moeljadi, M. (2015). Eco-tourism development strategy Baluran National Park in the Regency of Situbondo, East Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 4(4), 185. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v4i4.4510
Stronza, A. L., Hunt, C. A., & Fitzgerald, L. A. (2019). Ecotourism for conservation? Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 44, 229–253. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-101718-033046
Sudaryat, Y. (2018). Language paradigm in Sundanese Pikukuh. In F. A. Hamid, D. Sukyadi, P. Purnawarman, E. Kurniawan, & A. A. Danuwijaya (Eds.), The tenth conference on applied linguistics and the second english language teaching and technology conference in collaboration with the first international conference on language, literature, culture, and education (pp. 527–532). SciTePress. https://doi.org/10.5220/0007170305270532
Suntikul, W. (2019). Gastrodiplomacy in tourism. Current Issues in Tourism, 22(9), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2017.1363723
Syafrial, M. Y. (2019). A big battle: The state vs. indigenous people (Case study in Jambi Province). Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, 23(1), 59. https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.37568
Syaputra, M. Y. A., & Nasution, M. (2020). Legal protection of the constitutional rights of the indigenous faith believers in Indonesia. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 28(2), 1215–1231.
Tishaeni, H. (2010). Keberlanjutan komunitas adat Kampung Cireundeu Kelurahan Leuwigajah Kecamatan Cimahi Selatan Kota Cimahi [thesis]. Bogor: IPB University.
Tramontane, P. M. (2017). Tinjauan konsistensi masyarakat kampung adat Cireundeu dalam melestarikan adat istiadat leluhur. Ultimart Jurnal Komunikasi Visual, 10(2), 12–23. https://doi.org/10.31937/ultimart.v10i2.769

Authors

Moh Zaenal Abidin Eko Putro
zabiep@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Kustini
Moh Zaenal Abidin Eko Putro, & Kustini. (2022). Ecotourism of Cireundeu and Basic Sundanese’ Way of Life. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 28(2), 141. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.28.2.141

Article Details

Social Values Analysis Toward Ecotourism Development in The Kei Islands

Jamaludin Kabalmay, Ricky Avenzora, Dudung Darusman, Nimmi Zulbairnarni
Abstract View : 56
Download :1324