STUDI IDENTIFIKASI RELOKASI ATAU REKONSTRUKSI TEMPAT TINGGAL SEBAGAI SEBUAH PILIHAN PENANGANAN PASCA GEMPA CIANJUR 2022 BERBASIS PERSPEKTIF MASYARAKAT
On November 21st, 2022, at 13:21:10 WIB, the Cianjur Earthquake occurred. The epicentre of the earthquake was at coordinates 6.84 LS 107.05 and a depth of 11 km with a magnitude of M5.6. As of November 28, 2022, at 07:00 WIB, the BMKG had recorded 297 aftershocks, with the largest magnitude of M4.2 and the smallest of M1.0. The National Disaster Management Agency, or BNPB, recorded that 334 people died, 1,000 were injured, 20 were missing, and 58,000 were displaced. After the earthquake, landscape conditions can change, and various environmental infrastructure facilities included in the infrastructure are damaged. According to the findings of the study, 75% of the 150 respondents owned their own home. The average affected building has an area of less than 72 m2, while 56% of the main road is still passable. When the earthquake occurred, the community did not experience difficulties in procuring drinking water, and the condition of the rice fields as the land for earning a living for the residents was only 19% damaged. Another significant result related to the damage to buildings and infrastructure caused by the Cianjur earthquake was felt to be less worrying. So that the results obtained were that the community members' disagreement with relocation reached 77%. Reconstruction can be carried out if an area at a certain location is in an area that has a small-scale disaster risk threat with not too frequent return periods, and the level of risk can still be minimized through a policy or development. When the value of the loss that will be felt by the community is much greater, then relocation is the best alternative.
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