DAYA SAING MINYAK SAWIT DAN DAMPAK RENEWABLE ENERGY DIRECTIVE (RED) UNI EROPA TERHADAP EKSPOR INDONESIA DI PASAR UNI EROPA

Gisa Rachma Khairunisa, Tanti Novianti

Abstract


Palm oil is Indonesia's main export commodity. The EU is Indonesia's largest palm oil importer second after India, so it can affect the condition of Indonesia's palm oil exports. In 2009 the EU issued a Renewable Energy Directive that may have an impact on Indonesia's palm oil exports. The purpose of this study was to analyze the competitive position of Indonesian palm oil using the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and the Export Product Dynamics (EPD) as well as analyze the impact of policies Renewable Energy Directive towards the export value of Indonesian palm oil using gravity models. RCA analysis results indicate that the Indonesian palm oil has a comparative advantage (RCA> 1). Analysis of Indonesian palm oil EPD average is in position "Rising Star". The results of the analysis of gravity models show a real GDP per capita in the country of destination, the population of the country of destination, the export price of palm oil, and the Renewable Energy Directive policies significantly affect the value of exports of palm oil, while Indonesia and the real exchange rate had no significant effect within the economy.

Keywords


palm oil; the Renewable Energy Directive; RCA; EPD; gravity models

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abimanyu, DP. 2014. Dampak Kebijakan Ecolabel Uni Eropa terhadap Ekspor Furnitur Indonesia di Pasar Uni Eropa [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Azizah N. 2015. Analsis Ekspor Crude Palm Oil (CPO) Indonesia di Uni Eropa Tahun 2000-2011. Economics Development Analysis Journal. [Internet]. [diunduh Januari 2016]; EDAJ 4 (3) (2015). Tersedia pada: http://journal.unnes.ac.id/

Balassa,B. 1965. Trade liberalization and revealed comparative advantage. The Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies. [Internet]. [diunduh Januari 2016]: Volume 33, Halaman 99-123. Tersedia pada: http://econpapers.repec.org/

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2015. Produk omestic bruto menurut lapangan usaha. [internet]. [diunduh Maret 2015]. Tersedia pada : http://www.bps.go.id/pdb.php/

Dahar, D. 2014. Analisis Dampak Kebijakan Non Tarif Terhadap Kinerja Ekspor Hortikultura Indonesia ke Negara- negara ASEAN +3.[Tesis]. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Estherhuizen, D. 2006. Measuring and Analyzing Competitiveness in the Agribusiness Sector: Methodological and Analytical Framework. University of Pretoria.

Firdaus M. 2011. Aplikasi Ekonometrika untuk Data Panel dan Time Series. Bogor (ID) : IPB Press.

[GAPKI] Gabungan Pengusaha Kelapa Sawit Indonesia. 2013. Berbagai Terbitan [Internet]. [diunduh Januari 2016]. Tersedia pada: http://www.gapki.or.id

Haditaqy A. 2015. Analisis Daya Saing dan Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Permintaan Ekspor The Hitam Indonesia ke Negara Tujuan Ekspor.[Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Hondroyiannis G, Swammy PAVB, Tavlas GS, Ulan M. 2005. Some further evidence on exchange rate volatility and exports. Working Paper 28:4–32.

Helwani RH. 2002. Ekonomi Internasional & Globalisasi Ekonomi. Jakarta (ID): Ghalia Indonesia.

[KEMENPERIN] Kementerian Perindustrian. Berbagai Terbitan. [Internet]. [diunduh Januari 2016]. Tersedia pada: http://www.kemenperin.go.id

[KEMENTAN] Kementerian Pertanian. Berbagai Terbitan. [Internet]. [diunduh Januari 2016]. Tersedia pada: http://ditjenbun.pertanian.go.id/

Mankiw G. 2006. Macroeconomics Edisi Kelima. Worth Publishers: New York

Oktaviani R, Novianti T. 2009. Teori Perdagangan Internasional dan Aplikasinya di Indonesia.Bagian ke-1. Bogor (ID) : IPB Press.

Porter, ME. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nation. New York (US) : The Free Press.

Dhany Surya Ratana, D, Achsani N dan Andati T. 2012.Dampak Perubahan Nilai Tukar Mata Uang Terhadap Ekspor Indonesia. Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis, Vol. 9 No. 3, November 2012.

Salvatore D. 1997. Ekonomi Internasional. Munandar H, penerjemah. Sumiharti Y, editor. Edisi ke-5, Jilid ke-1. Jakarta (ID) : Erlangga.

Sekantsi L. 2007. The Impact of Real Exchange Rate Volatility on South African Exports to the United States: A Bounds Test Approach. National University of Lesotho.

Tas D. 2003. Essays on Exchange Rate Risk, Asset Return and Trade Flows in East Asian Emerging Market Economies. Southern: Illinois Univers.

Thangavelu SM. 2010. Non-Tariff Barriers, Integration and Export Growth in ASEAN.Departemen of Economics National University of Singapore.

[UNComtrade] United Nations Commodity Trade Statistic.Database. 2016. Data Query of Import and Export. [internet]. [diunduh Januari 2015].

Zarzoso IM, Lehmann FN. 2003. Augmented Gravity Model: An Empirical Application to Mercosur-European Union Trade Flows.Journal of Applied Economics, Vol. VI, No. 2 (Nov 2003), 291-316.

Zahro BA. 2013. Analisis Dayasaing dan Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Ekspor Alas Kaki Indonesia di Kawasan ASEAN dan China [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2017.5.2.125-136

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Journal of Indonesian Agribusiness is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.




Editorial Office


Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia (Journal of Indonesian Agribusiness)
Department of Agribusiness
Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural University
Jl. Kamper, Wing 4 Level 4 Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680
Telp/fax: 0251-8629654, HP : 08977885250