Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines: | English | Bahasa Indonesia | (.pdf)

Author statement: | English | Bahasa Indonesia | (.docx).

Template: | English | Bahasa Indonesia | (.docx).  


General Guidelines

  • Articles submitted for publication in Current Biomedicine must be original, in accordance with the scope of the journal, and have not been published in any journal, whether in proceedings or in other scientific magazines, and not in submitting process in other journal. Articles must be free from plagiarism, misrepresentation, and falsification practices. The editor will check for plagiarism.
  • Articles can be written in Indonesian or English with good and correct writing rules in accordance with the rules of the language used.
  • Articles proposed for publication can be in the form of research, review, case study, and short communication article
  • The proposed article does not contain things that violate the rules of bioethical research.
  • The article is written in manuscript form using Microsoft Word, with A4 page size (210 x 297 mm), the left margin is 2.5 cm, top 3 cm, right 2 cm, and bottom 2 cm (download the template .docx).
  • All parts of the text in the manuscript are written using Times New Romans font 12 pt and double spaced, given page numbers and line numbers on each page.
  • Tables and figures are placed in appropriate locations in the text. Tables and Figures are placed after the first mention in the sentence (text). Titles and text in tables, as well as titles and descriptions of images use 10 pt font size, single spaced. The description below the table uses a font size of 8 pt.
  • Articles are written in order: Title, author's name, affiliation/institution, abstract, keywords, introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, and references.
  • Articles are submitted via the online system at:

or sent by email to:

Specific Guidelines

Article Type.

Research. A research article is a complete study of a research activity or part of a research with a complete study of the topic. The article must meet scientific principles, including experimental design and adequate statistical analysis. The study must meet the bioethical aspects of research. Meta-analytical studies and epidemiological studies are included in the category of research articles. Research articles use subtitles consisting of: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions.

Review. A review article is a literature review that is comprehensive, critical-analytical, provides current information on a topic, or contains forward-looking views on a problem. The review article must provide the latest information from previous studies, convey the author's analysis and critical study of the collection of facts or data, and conclude it into an acceptable view or one that will be used for future development. Review articles use subtitles that suit the author's needs, starting with the Introduction and ending with Conclusions/ Recommendations/ Future Perspectives.

Case Study. A case study article is a report of an incident or case in the clinical, pathological or other fields which is deemed necessary to be published but is not sufficient to be written in the form of a research paper. Case study articles are preferred that provide new information or additional contributions to the existing literature. Case study articles use subtitles consisting of: Introduction, Case Description, Intervention and Therapy, Discussion, and Conclusions.

Short Communication. A short communication article is an article about an idea or research result that is relatively new but does not qualify for a full research article. Short communication articles are prioritized that contain the latest information and are useful for the development or application of a science. Short communication articles remain in a format like other articles (adapted to their type, but without the use of subtitles), and with a smaller number of pages (approximately half or one-third the length of a regular article).

Title. The title should be clear, specific, and informative that reflects the content of the manuscript. The maximum length of the title is 16 words and each word begins with a capital letter.

Author(s). The names of all authors are written under the title in full but without a title. Authors from different institutions are assigned a different superscript letter at the end of each name. In addition, it is necessary to identify the author who is responsible for the correspondence or acts as the corresponding author.

Abstract. Abstract is written briefly with a maximum length of 250 words. Abstract writing should avoid abbreviations and do not include references / libraries. The content of the abstract must contain the background and objectives, methods, results, and conclusions.

Keywords. Keywords are written at most five words or phrases.

Introduction. The introduction briefly explains the background of the research which is supported by the relevant and up-to-date references/libraries (literature) and the purpose of the research/writing.

Methods. Methods are written in a detailed, clear and complete manner used to ensure that the results obtained can be repeated or reproduced by other researchers.

Results. Results are written separately from the discussion. Results can be presented in the form of Tables or Figures. Each existing table or figure has been mentioned in the text and is numbered according to its appearance in the text. The main results or those that support the objectives and conclusions need to be interpreted or emphasized to make it easier for the reader to understand the research results.

Use the following system for writing:

  • Temperature: degrees Celsius, e.g., 37°C
  • Units: International System (SI), e.g., 2 mol/L (not M or N), 20.4 mm (not inches)
  • Time: e.g., 2 seconds, 4 minutes, 3 hours, 5 days, Day 5 (the fifth day), 7 years, Year 4 (the fourth year).
  • Dosage: in kg except for mice in g
  • Centrifugation: in gravity (×g), avoid rpm.
  • Numbers: 8.9 mm (instead of 0.089 m), 2 mol (instead of 2×10-6 mol), 2-3 g, 1 m×2 m×2 m, 8.9 ± 2.1 kg, and 11 ± 3 nmol/L.
  • Percentage: 6%−7%
  • Date: 7 July, 2022
  • Statistics: (P<0.05)
  • Pages 2–5
  • Date: July 7, 2022
  • Statistics: (P<0.05)
  • Use the symbol (–) for meaning up to, for example, pages 2–5. Use the sign (-), eg day-1.
  • Pay attention to the difference between decimals and numbers (in thousands) between Bahasa Indonesia and English. Bahasa Indonesia: dosis 2,8 mg/kg Bb, populasi sapi 2.500 ekor. English: dose of 2.8 mg/kg BW, cattle population was 2,500 head.

Table. The table only uses horizontal lines for column headings and table ending lines, while vertical lines are not displayed. Titles and text in tables use 10 pt font, single spaced. Notes below the table use 8 pt font size. The title of the table is written in lower case, except for the initial title using capital letters

Figure. Images must be in JPEG or PDF format with a minimum of 300 dpi. Images with more than one photo/graphic are labeled with the letters A, B, C, etc. in the bottom left corner or top left corner of each photo/graphic. Image titles and descriptions use a 10 pt font size. Images must be able to stand alone and be understood even though they are separate from the text. Explanation of symbols or abbreviations contained in the image. Magnification should use a scale line or bar, for example bar: 100 µm. Or if forced to use multiples, for example 100× magnification. For special needs or printing or editing, authors may send tables or images in separate files.

Discussion. The discussion is written comprehensively. The results obtained are discussed systematically and constructively to support the research objectives and strengthen the conclusions.

Conclusions. Conclusions are presented briefly, mentioning the main conclusions from the results obtained.

References. References used a maximum of the last 10 years with a minimum 80% are journal articles. Old references may be used for references that are indeed the main or monumental references for the topic to be conveyed, and the number is not more than 10%.

How to write a citation in the text:

  • One Author: (Summit, 2022)
  • Two authors: (Sasseville & Diters, 2008)
  • More than two authors: (Bellantari et al., 2021)
  • More than one reference, separated by a semicolon (;) and sorted by year: (Sasseville & Diters, 2008; Bellantari et al., 2021; Summit, 2022)

How to write a reference in the Bibliography:

References are listed in alphabetical order by author's name.

  • Book/Book Chapter:

Sigit HS. 2006. Pests of Indonesian settlements. Bogor (ID): IPB Press. Pp 20–25.

Garner DL, Hafez ESE. 2000. Spermatozoa and seminal plasma. In: Hafez B, Hafez ESE (eds). Reproduction in farm animals. 7th ed. South Carolina (US): Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Pp 96−109.

  • eBooks:

Gerson AA. (Year of publication). Title [E-Reader Version]. link http://xxxx or DOI: xxxx.

  • Journal:

Kwong JC, Druce JD, Leder K. 2013. Case report: Zika virus infection acquired during brief travel to Indonesia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 89: 516–517. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0029.

Miao Z, Wang Q, Chen D, Song Z, Zhang W, Zhou X, MacMillan DC. 2020. Current Societal Views about Sustainable Wildlife Management and Conservation: A Survey of College Students in China. Animals, 10(10): 1821. DOI: 10.3390/ani10101821.

  • Article from the website:

Gerson AA. (Year, Month of publication). Article title. Link/URL. Downloaded: date.


Additional Guidelines

  • For research with human subjects or using animals, the authors attach informed consent, ethical approval, or animal use ethics from the Institutional Ethical Board in accordance with the type of research and existing regulations.
  • Authors are required to declare if any a potential conflict of interest.
  • The author describes the contribution of each author involved in the research.
  • Corresponding author representing all members of the researcher fill out a letter of originality of writing and research and each author has read, reviewed, and approved the manuscript to be submitted. 
  • The corresponding author sends a cover letter together with the main manuscript. The cover letter contains the purpose of sending the manuscript, the significancy or novelty of the research, as well as the full name, institution, and E-mail address of each author. The corresponding author include full address along with the telephone number or mobile phone/WA for correspondence purposes.