Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly Characteristics Affecting Rainfall in Western Java, Indonesia

Qurrata A'yun Kartika, Akhmad Faqih, I Putu Santikayasa, Amsari Mudzakir Setiawan


Western Java is densely populated with high socio-economic activity. Climate-related disasters can be mitigated with the support of an understanding of systems that produce reliable climate predictions. One of the climate variables included in hydrometeorological disasters is rainfall. The characteristics of rainfall in Western Java cannot be separated from the sea surface temperature (SST) around the area. This study compares the relationship between SST and rainfall with singular value decomposition (SVD) and compares it with Pearson's correlation. SVD Model performance was evaluated using square covariance fraction (SCF) and Pearson correlation. The results showed that rainfall has a higher correlation with SST Anomaly (SSTA) by using SVD, with a correlation of about 0.63 in 6 to 9 months without lag time. Rainfall in western Java was closely related to the positive SSTA anomaly in southern Indonesia, especially the waters south of Java Island, and negative anomalies in other areas. Furthermore, atmospheric dynamic analysis showed that the positive coefficient expansion is followed by warmer SST, lower surface air pressure, higher water vapor, and higher rainfall, all were respective to their normal conditions around western Java. This study concludes that warmer SSTA around Western Java causes increased rainfall in western Java than normal and potentially impacts the hydrological disaster in West Java.


Qurrata A'yun Kartika
Akhmad Faqih (Primary Contact)
I Putu Santikayasa
Amsari Mudzakir Setiawan
KartikaQ. A., FaqihA., SantikayasaI. P., & SetiawanA. M. (2023). Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly Characteristics Affecting Rainfall in Western Java, Indonesia. Agromet, 37(1), 54-65.

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