MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTER AND MOLECULAR IDENTIFICATION WITH COI GENE MARKER OF HORSESHOE CRABS (Tachypleus gigas) AT COASTAL WATERS OF NORTHERN JAVA ISLAND

  • Lusita Meilana Sekolah Pascasarjana, P.S. Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Perairan, IPB, Bogor.
  • Yusli Wardiatno Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, FPIK-IPB, Bogor.
  • Nurlisa A Butet Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, FPIK-IPB, Bogor.
  • Majariana Krisanti Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, FPIK-IPB, Bogor.

Abstract

The existence of horseshoe crabs Tachypleus gigas is currently on the threatened condition and its population status is also unclear. The objectives of this research were to asses the horseshoe crabs morphological characters and to identify based on molecular marker of Cytochrome Oxydase Subunit I (COI) gene. The samples were collected from five locations (Segara Menyan Subang, Ujung Kulon Banten, Tambak Lorok Semarang, Betah Walang Demak, and Kenjeran Surabaya) in October 2014 until June 2015. A total of 27 parameters for 62 individuals were used to determine connectivity and character identifier among populations. Data were tested using non-parametric analysis. While, the 5 individuals from each sites were used for molecular analysis including several stages of the DNA extraction, DNA electrophoresis, amplification and visualization of DNA fragments, and DNA sequencing. The results obtained based on morphological characters that T. gigas of Surabaya formed a unique group due to its body size (X1-X2 and X4-X16) was larger than the other 5 body parts (X22, X23, X26-X28) of Semarang, Demak, Subang, and Banten. According to molecular results, there were 650 bp conserve nucleotide sequences. Analysis using software MEGA 5.0 showed that there were 73 existence of specific nucleotide sites that can be used to distinguishes between T. gigas in-groups  and out-groups (T. gigas from Central Arabian Sea, T. tridentatus from Sweden, and Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda from USA).

Keywords: horseshoe crabs, Java coast, morphology, identification molecular, CO1 gene.

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Published
2016-11-11