Susceptibility of Cultivated Plants to Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) in The Human Elephants Conflict Area in Aceh Province

  • Kaniwa Berliani Graduate School of Bogor Agricultural University, Dramaga Main Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia
  • Hadi Sukadi Alikodra Department of Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, PO Box 168, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Burhanuddin Masy'ud Department of Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, PO Box 168, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Mirza Dikari Kusrini Department of Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, PO Box 168, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
Keywords: Commodity plant, sumatran elephant, human-elephant conflict, crop damage

Abstract

Study on human-elephant conflict was conducted in Aceh Province in August 2013−April 2014 to assess susceptibility of farms by crop raiding elephants. The locations were determined by selected areas impacted by elephant conflict including Cot Girek, Mane, Meureudu, Sampoiniet, and Pantai Ceureumen.  150 respondents was interviewed to  assess the variety of the commodity plant species cultivated by local community within study areas, species of damaged commodity plants,  species of undamaged commodity plants, and the planting system. There were 29 species considered as commodity plants cultivated by farmers. Moreover, 5 commodity plants were considered as high risk plants damaged by elephant including areca, banana, oil palm, paddy, and rubber. On the other hand, species considered as low risk or undamaged consist of cacao, coffee, chili, candlenut, and patchioli. Those low risk or undemaged commodity plants species have a potential to be promoted as elephant-friendly crop commodities in area adjacent to elephant habitat based on the analysis and the categorization of susceptibility of cultivated plants against crop raiding elephant. One of the problems of human-elephant conflict is crop raiding of village farms. It is assumed that elephants might destroy a particular species therefore  information on the species could assist farmers in selecting appropriate crop to be planted.  There is a risk that current polyculture and monoculture planting system used by farmers will not prevent farms from crop raiding elephants.
Published
2016-05-27
How to Cite
Berliani, K., Alikodra, H. S., Masy’ud, B., & Kusrini, M. D. (2016). Susceptibility of Cultivated Plants to Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) in The Human Elephants Conflict Area in Aceh Province. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 22(1), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.22.1.65
Section
Articles