Profil protein total, albumin dan globulin pada ayam broiler yang diberi kungiy, bawang putih dan Zinc (Zn)

Sus Derthi Widhyari, Anita Esfandiari, . Herlina

Abstract


The objective of this experiment was to study the effectiveness of turmeric, garlic and zinc supplementation on protein, albumin and globulin concentration of broiler. One hundred DOC were divided into five treatments, four replications, consist of five chicks in each replicate. The treatments were RO (basal diet as a control), R1 (RO + 1,5% turmeric powder +2,5 % garlic powder), R2 (RO + 2,5% garlic powder + 120 ppm zinc), R3 (RO +1,5% turmeric powder+ 120ppm zinc) and R4 (RO +1,5 turmeric powder+ 2,5% garlic powder + 120 ppm zinc). The diet contain 23,5% crude protein and 3215 kcal metabolizable energy. Blood samples were taken from axillary veins at the three and six weeks of age. The results showed that total protein and globulin concentration at 6 weeks slightly higher than 3 weeks old chicks but not significantly different (P>0.05). Albumin concentration were highest on R3 treatment. Total protein and globulin concentration was
highest on the R2 treatment. In conclusion, the supplementation of garlic (2.5%) and ZnO (120 ppm) showed the best combination to improve immune response in broiler.


Keywords


Protein; albumin; globulin; turmeric; garlic; broiler

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonimus. 1997. Bawang Putih Dataran Rendah. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Ali S.A., Sayed M.A.M., El-Wafa S.A., Abdallah A.G. 2003. Performance and Immune Response of Broiler Chicks as Affected by Methionine and Zinc or Commercial Zinc-methionine Supplementation. Egyptian Poultry Science Journal 23 (3): 523-540.

Chattopadhyay I., Biswas K., Bandyopadhyay U., Bnerjee R.K. 2004. Turmerik and Curcumin: Biological Action and Medicinal Applications. Current Science 87 (1):44-53.

Damayanti D. 2005. Pengaruh Penembahan Kunyit (Curcuma domestica Val.) atau Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorhiza Roxb) dalam Ransum Terhadap Persentase Karkas dan Potongan Karkas Komersial Brolier [skripsi]. Bogor: Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Frandson R.D. 1992. Anatomi dan Fisiologi Ternak. Edisi 4. B Srigandono dan K Praseno, penerjemah. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Girindra A. 1989. Biokimia Patologi. Bogor: Pusat Antar Universitas Ilmu Hayati IPB.

Guyton A.C., Hall J.E. 1997. Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran. Edisi 9. I Setiawan, LMAKA Tengadi, A Santoso, penerjemah; I Setiawan, editor. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC. Terjemahan dari: Textbook of Medical Phisiology.

Hosea H.J., Rector E.S., Taylor C.G. 2003. Zinc-deficient Hats Have Fewer Recent Thymic Emigrant (CD90+) T lymphocytes in Spleen and Blood. Nutrition Immunology Journal 133 (12): 4239-4242.

Kaneko J.J., Harvey J.W., Bruss M.L. 1997. Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. 5th edition. New York: Academic Press Inc.

Karossi A.T., Hanafi M., Sutedja L. 1993. Isolation and Antibacterial Test of Garlic Oil. J of App. Chem. 3 (2): 49 - 53.

Klasing K.C. 2002. Comparative Avian Nutrition. London: CAB International.

Linder M.C. 1992. Biokimia Nutrisi dan Metabolisme. A Parakkasi, penerjemah. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia. Terjemahan dari: Nutritional Biochemistry and Metabolism.

Mills S., Bone K. 2000. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Toronto: Chrurchill Livingstone.

Murray R.K., Granner D.K., Mayes P.A., Rodwell V.W. 2003. Biokimia Harper. Edisi 25. A Hartono, penerjemah; AP Bani dan TMN Sikumbang, editor. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC. Terjemahan dari: Harper’s Boichemistry.

Pond W.G., Church D.C., Pond K.R., Schoknecht P.A. 2005. Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding. 5th edition. United States of America: Wiley.

Robinowitch H.D., Currah L. 2002. Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances. United Kingdom: CABI Publishing.

Suharti S. 2004. Kajian Antibakteri Temulawak, Jahe dan Bawang Putih Terhadap Bakteri Samonella Typhimurium serta Pengaruh Bawang Putih Terhadap Performans dan Respon Imun Ayam Pedaging [tesis]. Bogor: Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Swenson M.J. 1984. Duke’s Physiology of Domestic Animals. 10th edition. London: Cornell University Press.

Walker H.K., Hall W.D., Hurst J.W., Butterworths. 1990. Clinical Methods: The History, Physical and Laboratory Examination. http://www.ncb.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=cm.chapter.3167. [4 Maret 2008].

Widhyari S.D. 2005. Patofisiologi Sekitar Partus Pada Kambing Peranakan Etawah: Kajian Peran Suplementasi Zincim Terhadap Respons Imunitas dan Produktivitas [disertasi]. Bogor: Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Winarto W.P. 2003. Khasiat dan Manfaat Kunyit. Jakarta: Agromedia Pustaka.




View JIPI Stats

 

   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email: jipi-lppm@apps.ipb.ac.id; jipi-lppm@ipb.ac.id