Social Relation of Production and Conflict of Economic Interests in Smallholder Oil Palm Plantations: A Case Study of Sintang District, West Kalimantan

  • Kharis Fadlan Borni Kurniawan Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural Insitute, Indonesia
  • Arya Hadi Dharmawan Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural Insitute, Indonesia
  • Titik Sumarti Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural Insitute, Indonesia
  • Mohammad Maksum Department of Agro-Industrial Technology, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Keywords: agricultural partnership, power relation smallholders, social relation of production


An agricultural partnership is one of the ways adopted by oil palm plantation smallholders to survive and be sustainable in the face of global competition. The agricultural partnership that is based on a contract agreement is also aimed at maintaining the welfare of the involved smallholders. Partnership in agricultural production is part of the management system or mode of economic production agreed upon by both large-scale companies and smallholders. An unbalanced arrangement sometimes occurs due to the power dominance of large-scale company interests that leads to unfair relationships in the partnership between smallholders and large-scale corporations. This study used a qualitative research method with a case study as the main approach. By taking the case of the agricultural partnership of oil palm plantation smallholders in Perembang Village and Begori Village, Regency of Sintang of West Kalimantan, this study found four typologies of social agricultural production relations, namely asymmetric partnership, exploitative partnership, distrust partnership, and forced partnership.


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How to Cite
Borni KurniawanK. F., DharmawanA. H., SumartiT., & MaksumM. (2023). Social Relation of Production and Conflict of Economic Interests in Smallholder Oil Palm Plantations: A Case Study of Sintang District, West Kalimantan. Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 11(1), 13-26.