Actor’s Social Actions and Their Dynamics in The Social System: A Case Study of Traditional Charcoal-Making Business in The Livelihood of The Akit Community

  • Dhina Yuliana Department of Communication and Community Development Science, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Rilus A. Kinseng Department of Communication and Community Development Science, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Arya Hadi Dharmawan Department of Communication and Community Development Science, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Endriatmo Soetarto Department of Communication and Community Development Science, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Keywords: Akit Community, business dynamics, mangrove charcoal, social action

Abstract

The Akit community generally uses mangrove wood as raw material for charcoal. The purpose of this study was to analyze (a) the development of the charcoal-making business, (b) the type of social action in the Akit community's charcoal-making business, and (c) the dynamics of the charcoal-making business. This research was conducted using an ethnographic approach. The results: from the 1980s to 1994, production was initially regulated solely to meet local needs. In the era of 1995 to 2005, it experienced a high market demand for mangrove charcoal along with a flourishing business network with Malaysian toke. After 2005 the charcoal business dimmed again due to government regulations. The actors involved in the charcoal business are workers, owners of very small panglongs, and owners of small panglongs (tokes).  The social action run the panglong business as an effort to meet their family needs, and thus they worked based on instrumental rationality. These charcoal-making entrepreneurs operated their businesses based on instrumental and traditional actions. The social action of the toke actor is instrumental rationality and value-oriented rationality. The dynamics of the charcoal business in the Akit community have experienced ups and downs.

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Published
2022-10-10
Section
Articles