The Poor’s Coping Strategies in Overcoming Water Scarcity in Small Island, Eastern Seram Regency, Maluku

  • Hendri Dony Hahury Faculty of Economics and Business, Pattimura University, Ambon 97233, Indonesia
  • Fredy H Louhanapessy Faculty of Economics and Business, Pattimura University, Ambon 97233, Indonesia
  • Astari Rumalolas Faculty of Economics and Business, Pattimura University, Ambon 97233, Indonesia
Keywords: coping strategy, water scarcity, poverty


This study aims to describe views on poverty through limited natural resources in the form of clean water scarcity and the coping strategies for the poor in overcoming it in rural areas on a small island. It took place in Rumeon Village, East Seram Regency, Maluku Province, Indonesia. This study was conducted using a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. In-depth interviews, observations and documentations were used to collect data. The data was analyzed by following the steps proposed by Moustakes, and the source triangulation method was used to examine the data validity. The results showed that community had been suffering from water scarcity for a long time and had received no assistance. Factors causing the water scarcity included seawater contamination on the water sources, climatic and environmental changes, and population growth. The community attempted to overcome the clean water scarcity by utilizing resources available to them as a coping strategy applied including water harvesting and the use of alternative water sources. In addition, as a result of the long-standing condition of clean water scarcity in Rumeon Village, the community had to utilize the social and cultural values as an effort to overcome it so as to reduce the high cost and not to cause conflicts among them.


Almanshur, Fauzan and Ghony Djunaidi. 2012. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Ar-Ruzz Media.

Alrasyid, Harun, Ainur Rofieq and Rahmat Nuryono. 2016. "Pengembangan Kelembagaan Masyarakat Dalam Pengelolaan Air Bersih Studi Kasus Pelaksanaan Program KKN dan P2M di Desa Ridomanah Kecamatan Cibarusah Kabupaten Bekasi". Seminar Nasiona Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat, 101–110. id/index. php/sosial/article/view/84/pdf

Amartya, Sen and Jean Drèze. 2011. Poverty and famines; hunger and public action; and India". In Economic development and social opportunity.

Asfaw, Solomon, Giacomo Pallante, and Palma Alessandro. 2018. "Diversification Strategies and Adaptation Deficit: Evidence from Rural Communities in Niger". World Development, 101, 219–234. / 10.1016 /j.worlddev.2017.09.004

Bapenas. 2015. Kebijakan dan Strategi Pengelolaan Pulau-pulau Kecil.

Breunig, Robert and Majeed Omer. 2020. "Inequality, poverty and economic growth". International Economics, 161, 83–99.

Caroline, Sullivan. 2002. "Calculating a Water Poverty Index". World Development, 30(7), 1195–1210. Sullivan (2002). Calculating a Water Poverty Index. , 30(7), 1195–1210. doi:10.1016/s0305-750x(02)00035-9

Celikay, Ferdy and Gumus Erdal. (2017). "The effect of social spending on reducing poverty". International Journal of Social Economics, 44(5), 620–632. /10.1108/IJSE-10-2015-0274

Coleman, James. 2000. "Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital". The American Journal of Sociology, 49, 95–120. 3CS95%3ASCITCO%3E2.0.CO%3B2-P

Dutta, Swati and Kumar Lakshmi. 2016. "Is Poverty Stochastic or Structural in Nature? Evidence from Rural India". Social Indicators Research, 128(3), 957–979.

Gentle, Popular, Thwaites Rik, Race Digby, Alexander Kim and Maraseni Tek. 2018. "Household and community responses to impacts of climate change in the rural hills of Nepal". Climatic Change, 147(1), 267–282.

Hahury, Hendri Dony, Prabawa Titi Susilowati, Wiloso Pamerdi Giri, Soumokil Tontji, and Ndoen Marthen Luther. 2020. "Institutional Impacts on Choice of Traditional Agroforestry-Based Rural Community Livelihood Strategies in Maluku: (Utilization of “Dusung” and Nutmeg in Booi Village, Maluku)". Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 26(2), 189.

Hallegatte, Stephane and Rozenberg Julie. 2017. "Climate Change Through A Poverty Lens". Nature Climate Change, 7(4), 250–256.

Jesica, Martha. 2017. "Isu Kelangkaan Air dan Ancamannya terhadap Keamanan Global". Jurnal Ilmu Politik Dan Komunikasi, 7(2), 147–149. https://ojs.unikom.

Jiang, Pei and Wang Wei. 2016. "Tradition, Revolution and Gender: An Analysis of Wife-Initiated Divorce in North China’s Revolutionary Bases from 1941–1949". Frontiers of History in China.

Jocom, Hary, Daniel Kameo, Utami Intiyas and Kristijanto A. Ignatius. 2016. "Air dan Konflik: Studi Kasus Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan". Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 14(1), 51.

Keivan, Veisi, Masoud Bijani and Enayat Abbasi. 2020. "A human ecological analysis of water conflict in rural areas: Evidence from Iran". Global Ecology and Conservation.

Kemendesa Republik Indonesia. 2021. Indeks Desa Membangun. https://idm.

Kherallah, Mylene and Kirsten Johann. 2002. "The New Institutional Economics: Application For Agricultural Policy Research In Developing Countries". Journal Agrekon, Vol 41(2)

Kristijanto, A. Ignatius, Utami Intyas, Wahyono Teguh and Jocom Hary. 2016. "Pengukuran Kemiskinan Dengan Pendekatan Water Poverty Index". Kritis, 25(1), 27–53.

Lawrence, Peter, Meigh Jeremy, and Sullivan Caroline. 2002. "The Water Poverty Index: an International Comparison". Development and Comp Systems. https://citeseerx.

Mood, Carina and Jonsson Jan. O. 2016. "The Social Consequences of Poverty: An Empirical Test on Longitudinal Data". Social Indicators Research, 127(2), 633–652. /10.1007/s11205-015-0983-9

Moustakes. 1994. Phenomenological Research Methods. Sage Publictions.

Mwiti, Fredah and Goulding Christina. 2018. "Strategies for community improvement to tackle poverty and gender issues: An ethnography of community based organizations (‘Chamas’) and women’s interventions in the Nairobi slums". European Journal of Operational Research, 268(3), 875–886.

Pacheco, Vega. R. 2020. "Governing Urban Water Conflict through Watershed Councils—A Public Policy Analysis Approach and Critique". Water, 12(7).

Peter, Paul Molinga and Francois Molle. 2003. "Water poverty indicators: Conceptual problems and policy issues". Water Policy, 5(5–6), 529–544.

Putnam, Robert. 2000. Social Capital: Measurement and Consequences (Definitions of Social Capital).

Ritzer, George. 2005. Encyclopedia of Social Theory (Vol 2). Sage Publication.

Rumeon Pemerintah Negeri. 2021. Statistik Desa Rumeon.

Rusy, Fathy. 2019. "Modal Sosial: Konsep, Inklusivitas dan Pemberdayaan Masyrakat". Jurnal Pemikiran Sosiologi, 6(1).

Sa’diyah, Yufi. H and Fitrie Arianti. 2012. "Analisis Kemiskinan Rumah Tangga Melalui Faktor-Faktor Mempengruhinya di Kecamatan Tugu Kota Semarang". Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan.

Sanjay, K Mohanty. 2011. "Multidimensional Poverty and Child Survival in India". Pone.

Santos, Pereira, L, Cordery Ian and Iacovides Lacovos. 2009. "Conceptual Thinking in Coping with Water Scarcity". In Coping with Water Scarcity: Addressing the Challenges (pp. 77–98). Springer Netherlands.

Silo, Nthalivi and Sinvula Serome. 2018. "Resilience and coping strategies against socio- ecological risks: A case of livelihoods in a Botswana rural community". The Journal of Rural and Community Development, 13(4), 10–24. https://journals.

Siti, Maryam, Nurmala K. Panjaitan and Martua Sihaloho. 2019. "Resiliensi Komunitas Petani Sawah Tadah Hujan terhadap Ancaman Kerawanan Pangan Akibat Perubahan Iklim (Kasus Lampung Selatan)". Sodality Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 7(3), 236–251. //10.22500/sodality.v7i3.27390

Sun, Zhe, Zhao Liang, Wang Shuyue, Zhang Hongyin, Wang Xinyu and Wan Zherui. 2021. "Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Households’ Livelihood Strategy in a Relation-Based Society: Evidence from Northeast China". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4).

Surung, M. Yacob, D. 2012. "Petani Padi Sawah dan Kemiskinan. Studi Kasus di Desa Pallantikang, Kecamatan Pattalassang, Kabupaten Gowa". Jurnal Agrisistem, 8(1).

Suryawati. 2004. Teori Ekonomi Mikro. UPP.AMP YKPN.

Susilo, Rachmad Kristiono Dwi and Ahmad Amrrozy. 2020. "Local Knowledge as Community Reaction in Management of Disaster (Ethnographic Study on Native Brau Villagers, Batu, Indonesia)". Sodality Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 8(3).

Syahra, Rusydi. 2003. "Modal Sosial: Konsep dan Aplikasi". Jurnal Masyarakat Dan Budaya, 5(1), 1–22.

Tekwa, Newman and Adesina Jimi. 2018. "Gender, Poverty and Inequality in the Aftermath of Zimbabwe’s Land Reform: A Transformative Social Policy Perspective". Journal of International Women’s Studies, 19(5), 45–62.

UNDP. 2006. United Nation Development Program, Beyond scarcity: power, poverty and the global water crisis, Human Development. UNDP

UNESCO and Earthscan. 2009. The United Nations World Water Development Report 3: Water in Changing World. =6203#. YXi3CC2cY1I

UNESCO and WWAP. 2006. The United Nations World Water Development Report 2: Water a shared responsibility. UNESCO and Berghahn Books.

Usman, Kolip and Elly Setiadi. 2013. Pengantar sosial politik. Kencana.

Van Loon, Anne and Van Lanen Henny. 2012. "A process-based typology of hydrological drought". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(7), 1915–1946. https://hess. copernicus . org/articles/16/1915/2012/hess-16-1915-2012.pdf

Wang, Yanhui and Wang Baixue. 2016. "Multidimensional poverty measure and analysis: a case study from Hechi City, China". SpringerPlus, 5(1), 642.

Widi, A. Pratikto. 2003. Kebijakan Penataan pesisir dan pulau-pulau kecil di Indonesia.

Youngae, Lee and Lee Jinkook. 2006. "The Poverty of Widow: How Become They Poor?" Population Association of America: 2006 Annual Meeting Program. download.aspx?submissionId=61592

How to Cite
HahuryH. D., H LouhanapessyF., & RumalolasA. (2022). The Poor’s Coping Strategies in Overcoming Water Scarcity in Small Island, Eastern Seram Regency, Maluku. Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 10(1), 44-57.