Utilization of Village Websites for Development: Actor-Network Theory Perspective

  • Elsa Destriapani Communication and Community Development Sciences, IPB University
  • Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo Communication and Community Development Science, IPB University
  • Dwi Sadono Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat
Keywords: Actor Network Theory (ANT), ICT, Translation, Website


Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is one of the determinants of village development. The presence of ICT is an enabling condition to accelerate the development process in rural areas. This study aimed to analyze using village websites for development based on the perspective of Actor-Network Theory in Warungbanten Village, Cibeber District, Lebak Regency, Banten Province. The method used in this research is qualitative with case studies. Data were collected by in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. The technique of determining informants is done with a snowball (snowball). The results show that the use of village websites involves actors, occurs through translation which consists of a problematization stage beginning with complaints and the village head's desire to open access to public information. The next stage of interest is when the Head of Finance, ICT Volunteers, Banten Journalists, and local village assistants support the expectations of the village head. The enrolment stage is a division of roles in making the website so that it is connected to the Open SID community. Lastly, mobilization is when warungbanten. id has been used as the official website of the Warungbanten Village. Based on the translation process, the actors involved are classified based on their interests and influences, consisting of key players, subjects, context setters, and crowds. The effect of using village websites is to open access to village information, manage village data well to be more transparent, help communities promote local products, and get various awards.


Adnan, S. (2020). ICTs for Development: Building the Information Society by Understanding the Consumer Market. In J. Servaes (Ed.), Handbook of Communication for Development and Social Change. (pp. 989–1012). Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-2014-3_93

Aka, K. G. (2019). Actor-network theory to understand , track and succeed in a sustainable innovation development process. Journal of Cleaner Production, 225, 524–540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.351

Akbar, M. F., Jaya, F. H., & Putubasai, E. (2019). Implementasi Website Desa dalam Pemberian Pelayanan Informasi Pembangunan. Jurnal Teknologi Dan Komunikasi Pemerintahan, 1(1), 42–51.

Alhassan, M. D., & Adam, I. O. (2021). The effects of digital inclusion and ICT access on the quality of life: A global perspective. Technology in Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2020.101511

Burga, R., & Rezania, D. (2017). ScienceDirect Project accountability : An exploratory case study using actor – network theory. International Journal of Project Management, 35(6), 1024–1036. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2017.05.001

Callon, M. (1986). Some Elements of a Sociology of Translation: Domestication of the Scallops and the Fishermen of St Briuec Bay. In J. Law (Ed.), Power, Action & Believe: A New Sociology of Knowledge (pp. 196–229). Routledge.

Cresswell, K. M., Worth, A., & Sheikh, A. (2010). Actor-Network Theory and its role in understanding the implementation of information technology developments in healthcare. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 10(1), 67. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6947-10-67

Creswell, J. W. (2016). Research Design. Pustaka Pelajar.

Grishchenko, N. (2020). The gap not only closes: Resistance and reverse shifts in the digital divide in Russia. Telecommunications Policy, 44(8), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.telpol.2020.102004

Kim, J., Park, J. C., & Komarek, T. (2021). The impact of Mobile ICT on national productivity in developed and developing countries. Information and Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2021.103442

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis (3rd ed.). Sage Publications.

Mulyawati, S., Muljono, P., & Seminar, K. B. (2016). Efektivitas Website Desa sebagai Media Penyebaran Informasi Pembangunan Di Desa Malasari Kabupaten Bogor. IPB University.

Mustika, R. (2018). Inovasi Teknologi Portal Intranet Kominfo: Perspektif Actor Network Theory. Jurnal Komunikasi Indonesia, 4(1), 38–47. https://doi.org/10.7454/jki.v4i1.8877

Nasution, R. D. (2016). Pengaruh Kesenjangan DIgital terhadap Pembangunan Pedesaan (Rural Development). Jurnal Penelitian Komunikasi Dan Opini Publik, 20, 31–44.

Reed, M. S., Graves, A., Dandy, N., Posthumus, H., Hubacek, K., Morris, J., Prell, C., Quinn, C. H., & Stringer, L. C. (2009). Who’s in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(5), 1933–1949. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.01.001

Sachari, A., & Prasetyo, F. (2013). Place Construction and Urban Social Transformation : an Actor Network Theory Analysis for Creative-Kampung Phenomena in Bandung. Habitecno International Seminar, November 2013, 230–239.

Salemink, K., Strijker, D., & Bosworth, G. (2017). Rural development in the digital age: A systematic literature review on unequal ICT availability, adoption, and use in rural areas. Journal of Rural Studies, 54(October), 360–371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.09.001

Sein, M. K., Thapa, D., Hatakka, M., & Sæbø, Ø. (2019). A holistic perspective on the theoretical foundations for ICT4D research. Information Technology for Development, 25(1), 7–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/02681102.2018.1503589

Shim, Y., & Shin, D. (2018). Technological Forecasting & Social Change Smartness in techno-nationalism ? Combining actor-network theory and institutionalization to assess Chinese smart TV development. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, August, 0–1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.09.004

Tewathia, N., Kamath, A., & Ilavarasan, P. V. (2020). Social inequalities, fundamental inequities, and recurring of the digital divide: Insights from India. Technology in Society, 61, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2020.101251

Thapa, D. (2011). The Role of ICT Actors and Networks in Development: The Case Study of a Wireless Project in Nepal. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 49(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1681-4835.2011.tb00345.x

Uyar, A., Nimer, K., Kuzey, C., Shahbaz, M., & Schneider, F. (2021). Can e-government initiatives alleviate tax evasion? The moderation effect of ICT. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2021.120597

Wang, J. J., & Yau, S. (2018). Case studies on transport infrastructure projects in belt and road initiative: An actor network theory perspective. Journal of Transport Geography, 71(January), 213–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2018.01.007

Yin, R. K. (2018). Case study research and applications: Design and methods. In Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research (Sixth, Vol. 53, Issue 5). https://doi.org/10.1177/109634809702100108

Zhou, Y., Singh, N., & Kaushik, P. D. (2011). The digital divide in rural South Asia: Survey evidence from Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka. IIMB Management Review, 23(1), 15–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iimb.2010.12.002