The Moyooka: Socio-Cultural Value of Halmahera Woman in Rural Household Livelihood
This article aims to describe the socio-cultural value of Halmahera woman, known as Moyooka, in rural household livelihood. This research conducted in North Halmahera District, North Maluku Province of Indonesia. Qualitative method and case study approaches were used to examine the role of Halmahera woman in sustaining rural household livelihood through the case of Boeng and Huboto tribes, located in Tunuo and Pitu Village. In-depth interviews, observation, and document studies were used during data collection process. The triangulation technique was used in data processing through Nvivo 12 Plus to guarantee the validity of the information. This research shows that the cultural symbol, art, and material of Moyooka influence the social structure and functions which in turn determine the rural household livelihood. In the context of Moyooka, rural household livelihood supported by socio-cultural value through the availability, mobility, and capability of access to resources. In addition, vulnerability context such as shocks (Covid-19 epidemic) and trends (fluctuation in the price of staples) also determines the rural livelihood security in the agriculture and tourism sector.
Abatemarco, Tatiana. 2018. “Women’s Sense of Farming: Ecofeminism in Sustainable Farming and Local Food in Vermont, U.S.A.” Gender, Place and Culture 25(11):1601–21.
Addinsall, Cherise, Norah Rihai, and Antoinette Nasse. 2019. “Agroecology and Sustainable Livelihoods as a Framework to Empower Rural Ni Vanuatu Women ☆.” Pp. 105–20 in Integrating Gender in Agricultural Development.
Ager, Charlie. 2015. “Addressing Gender Disparities through Farming Organisations in Malawi.” Journal of Enterprising Communities 9(4):361–75.
Akudugu, M. A. 2011. “Rural Banks’ Financial Capital and Livelihoods Development of Women Farmers in Ghana.” Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy 5(4):248–64.
Alarcón, Daniela Moreno and Stroma Cole. 2019. “No Sustainability for Tourism without Gender Equality.” Journal of Sustainable Tourism 27(7):903–19.
Altintaş, Füsun Çinar and Murat Hakan Altintaş. 2008. “The Relationship between Feminist/Womanist Identity and Leadership Styles of Women Managers in Turkey.” Gender in Management 23(3):175–93.
Baffoe, Gideon and Hirotaka Matsuda. 2017. “Why Do Rural Communities Do What They Do in the Context of Livelihood Activities? Exploring the Livelihood Priority and Viability Nexus.” Community Development 48(5):715–34.
Barcia, Johanna Basurto and Carla Ricaurte Quijano. 2017. “Women in Tourism: Gender (in)Equalities in University Teaching and Research*.” Anatolia 28(4):567–81.
Beel, David and Claire Wallace. 2018. “Gathering Together: Social Capital, Cultural Capital and the Value of Cultural Heritage in a Digital Age.” Social and Cultural Geography 00(00):1–21.
Bogar, Sandra, Emmy Ganos, Kelly Hoormann, Caryn Bub-Standal, and Kirsten M. M. Beyer. 2017. “Raising Rural Women’s Voices: From Self-Silencing to Self-Expression.” Journal of Women and Aging 29(6):515–29.
Conlin, Sarah E., Richard P. Douglass, Dylan M. Larson-Konar, Melissa S. Gluck, Cassandra Fiume, and Martin Heesacker. 2019. “Exploring Nonbinary Gender Identities: A Qualitative Content Analysis.” Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling 13(2):114–33.
Cornelius, Nelarine and Denise Skinner. 2005. “An Alternative View through the Glass Ceiling: Using Capabilities Theory to Reflect on the Career Journey of Senior Women.” Women in Management Review 20(8):595–609.
Cui, Jingmeng, Meng Pei, and Yanjie Su. 2020. “Gender-Related Friend Preferences of Youths with Different Sexual Orientations: The Effects of Gender Role and Sexual Attraction.” Psychology and Sexuality 00(00):1–18.
DFID. 2008. DFID ’ s Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and Its Framework.
Đoàn, Lúa Xuân. 2019. “A Gender Analysis of Tourism’s Impact on the Livelihoods of h’mong and Red d’ao Women in Vietnam.” Pp. 141–60 in Advances in Gender Research. Vol. 28.
Eden, Lorraine and Susan Forquer Gupta. 2017. “Culture and Context Matter: Gender in International Business and Management.” Cross Cultural and Strategic Management 24(2):194–210.
Gupta, Minisha. 2021. “Role of NGOs in Women Empowerment: Case Studies from Uttarakhand, India.” Journal of Enterprising Communities.
Hartono, Hanny Savitri. 2018. “Virtually (Im)Moral: Pious Indonesian Muslim Women’s Use of Facebook.” Asian Studies Review 42(1):39–52.
Huyer, Sophia. 2016. “Closing the Gender Gap in Agriculture.” Gender, Technology and Development 20(2):105–16.
Kapembwa, Sydney, Alan Gardiner, and Jón Geir Pétursson. 2020. “Small-Scale Fishing: Income, Vulnerability and Livelihood Strategies at Lake Itezhi-Tezhi, Zambia.” Development Southern Africa 0(0):1–22.
Karnaen, Siti Maulina Nuryani and Siti Amanah. 2013. “Peranan Gender Dalam Rumah Tangga Perikanan Di Desa Tanjung Pasir, Kecamatan Teluknaga, Kabupaten Tanggerang.” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 1(2):152–64.
Kasseeah, Harshana and Verena Tandrayen Ragoobur. 2014. “Women in the Informal Sector in Mauritius: A Survival Mode.” Equality, Diversity and Inclusion 33(8):750–63.
Kothari, Tanvi. 2017. “Women Entrepreneurs’ Path to Building Venture Success: Lessons from India.” South Asian Journal of Business Studies 6(2):118–41.
Kristin, Ann and Juntti Henriksson. 2008. “Strong, Aware, and Unequal.” Equal Opportunities International 27(4):317–36.
Kurniawan, Dedi and Siti Sugiah Mungniesyah. 2013. “Tipe Repong Damar Dan Hubungannya Dengan Dinamika Gender Dalam Rumahtangga Petani Repong Damar.” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 1(2):85–99.
Lestari, Novia Indah. 2013. “Analisis Gender Dalam Program Simpan Pinjam Untuk Kelompok Perempuan (Spp).” Departemen Sains Komunikasi Dan Pengembangan Masyarakat. Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor 01(2):75–86.
Low, Yvonne. 2015. “Becoming Professional: Feminisms and the Rise of Women-Centred Exhibitions in Indonesia.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art 15(2):210–24.
Martam, Irma. 2016. “Strategic Social Marketing to Foster Gender Equality in Indonesia.” Journal of Marketing Management 32(11–12):1174–82.
Michalik, Yvonne. 2015. “INDONESIAN WOMEN FILMMAKERS: Creating a New Female Identity?” Indonesia and the Malay World 43(127):378–96.
Otieku, Evans, Charles Godfred Ackah, and David Forkuor. 2017. “Motivations, Income Determinants and Livelihood Vulnerability of Female Teenage Head Porters in Kasoa, Ghana.” International Journal of Social Economics 44(12):2396–2408.
Quagrainie, Fanny Adams, Samuel Adams, Alan Anis Mirhage Kabalan, and Afia Dentaa Dankwa. 2020. “Micro-Entrepreneurship, Sustainable Development Goal One and Cultural Expectations of Ghanaian Women.” Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies 13(1):86–106.
Rahmawati, Fitria and Melani Abdulkadir Sunito. 2013. “Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Akses Dan Kontrol Laki-Laki Dan Perempuan Dalam Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Hutan Rakyat.” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 3(1):206–21.
Risakotta, Bernard Adenei. 2016. “Traditional, Islamic and National Law in the Experience of Indonesian Muslim Women†.” Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 27(3):303–18.
Rose, Jeff and Corey W. Johnson. 2020. “Contextualizing Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research: Toward More Rigorous and Trustworthy Qualitative Social Science in Leisure Research.” Journal of Leisure Research 0(0):1–20.
Saraswati, Rika. 2019. “Shame and Indonesian Women Victims of Domestic Violence in Making the Decision to Divorce.” Identities 00(00):1–17.
Septiadi, Muhammad and Winati Wigna. 2013. “Pengaruh Ketimpangan Gender Terhadap Strategi Bertahan Hidup Rumah Tangga Buruh Tani Miskin Di Desa Cikarawang.” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 1(2):100–111.
Shortall, Sally. 2015. “Gender Mainstreaming and the Common Agricultural Policy.” Gender, Place and Culture 22(5):717–30.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto. 2016. “Persepsi , Modal Sosial , Dan Kekuasaan Aktor Dalam Perumusan Dan Implementasi Kebijakan Pariwisata.” Pax Humana 3(2):83–105.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto. 2020. “Intensification of Social Capital through Ritual Capital.” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 08(01):82–104.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto and Elly Esra Kudubun. 2017. “Partisipasi Masyarakat Dalam Pembangunan Pariwisata : Studi Kasus Kelompok Museum Pemerhati Sejarah Perang Dunia Ke II Di Kabupaten Pulau Morotai.” Jurnal Cakrawala 6(2):199–228.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto, Gatot Sasongko, and Giri Pamerdi Wiloso. 2017. “Institutional Analysis of Community-Based Tourism’s Sustainability (Case of Kasbi Community in North Halmahera).” Sodality 6(3):198–200.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto, Gatot Sasongko, and Pamerdi Giri Wiloso. 2018. “Tourism Destination in Remote Area : Problems and Challenges of Tourism Development in North Halmahera as Remote and Border Areas of Indonesia-Philippines.” Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies 6(3):175–86.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto, Gatot Sasongko, and Pamerdi Giri Wiloso. 2019a. “Community Participation in Festival and Digital Tourism Campaign (Case of North Halmahera District, Indonesia).” Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies 7(1):21–31.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto, Gatot Sasongko, and Pamerdi Giri Wiloso. 2019b. “Community Participation in Regional Tourism Development : A Case Study in North Halmahera Regency - Indonesia.” Insigth Into Regional Development 1(4):318–33.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto, Gatot Sasongko, and Pamerdi Giri Wiloso. 2019c. “Ritual Capital for Rural Livelihood and Sustainable Tourism Development in Indonesia.” Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika (Journal of Tropical Forest Management) 25(2):115–25.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto, Gatot Sasongko, and Pamerdi Giri Wiloso. 2019d. “Social Capital and Livelihood Diversification : Tourism Entrepreneurship in a Remote Area of North Halmahera, Indonesia.” KAWISTARA 9(3):285–98.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto and Silvanus Maxwell Simange. 2018. “Livelihood and Rural Tourism Development in Coastal Area North Maluku Province Indonesia.” IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 156(1):1–10.
Singgalen, Yerik Afrianto, Pamerdi Giri Wiloso, and Gatot Sasongko. 2017. “Evaluation of the Implementation of Tourism Policy.” JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Administrasi Publik) 21(1):82.
Singh, Renu and Protap Mukherjee. 2018. “‘Whatever She May Study, She Can’t Escape from Washing Dishes’: Gender Inequity in Secondary Education–Evidence from a Longitudinal Study in India.” Compare 48(2):262–80.
Smith, George R., Glenn Strachan, and David Gibbon. 2018. “Rural Well-Being: The Push and Pull and the Diversity in-Between.” International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 25(7):592–601.
Sulistiyo, Putri Asih and Ekawati Sri Wahyuni. 2014. “Dampak Remitan Ekonomi Terhadap Posisi Sosial Buruh Migran Perempuan Dalam Rumah Tangga.” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 6(3):252–58.
Timisela, Marthen, Daniel D. Kameo, Neil Semuel Rupidara, and Rocky Roberth Siahainenia. 2020. “Traditional Farmers of Wamena Tribes in Jayapura-Indonesia.” Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 26(1):34–43.
Topuz, Senem Kurt and Hülya Erkanlı. 2020. “An Applied Study on Women’s Poverty in Turkey in the Context of the Capability Approach.” International Journal of Social Economics 47(12):1619–32.
Valeeva, Rania F. and Piet Bracke. 2018. “Are There Gender Differences in the Capability to Use Facilities of Health Care? A Multilevel Analysis of 22 Countries.” Research in the Sociology of Health Care 36:191–207.
Xu, Honggang and Huimin Gu. 2018. “Gender and Tourism Development in China.” Journal of China Tourism Research 14(4):393–404.
Yin, Xi Can and Heng Liu. 2020. “Social Capital and Subjective Well-Being of Rural Women in China.” Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development 30(1):15–31.
Yuwono, Anggi Pulung and Nuraini W. Prasodjo. 2013. “Analisis Gender Pada Program Pengembangan Usaha Agribisnis Pedesaan (PUAP).” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 1(2):131–51.
Author(s) who published in this journal agree to following terms:
- Author(s) must understand and agree that the copyright script in published owned by the Sodality:Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan. The copyright includes reproducing and selling the manuscript to all parties.
- Everyone can cite every manuscript published in Sodality:Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan for educational purposes, with the author's name and the Sodality:Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Journal on reference.