Vol. 5 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning (Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan)
Sustainable Rural and Urban Spatial Planning
Spatial planning basically is a development process by means of spatial arrangement approach, which form spaces that are productive and efficient (economic pillar), balanced and just (socio-institutional pillar), and sustainable (environmental pillar). A productive and competitive spatial plan shall be supported, requires social cohesion with social capital that is capable to maintain social stability and opportunistic behaviors. One of the forms of development balance is the balance between rural and urban. Development system that are urban biased have negative impact on the balance of regional development. Space productivity and social cohesion shall be supported by a sustainable environment, which means activities that utilize space shall be under control, thus do not exceed the environmental carrying capacity. The exceeding of environmental carrying capacity effects the balance of resource supply scale and may cause environmental disasters. A sustainable environment is a guarantor to socio-economic growth in long term.