Sugeng Hartono, Etty Riani, Fredinan Yulianda, Gondo Puspito


The utilization of penaeid shrimp resources in Ciletuh Bay, Sukabumi Regency is at high risk for overexploitation, since the area distribution of ​​its penaeid shrimp is relatively narrow. Zoning-based management need to be implemented as an effort to manage its resources and to explain the function and width of an area for the ​​utilization activities. The research aim to design an appropriate and measurable area of ​​utilization based on the potency and its habitat characteristics spatially. Field and laboratory studies were conducted to collect and analyse the samples of catch and sediment. All activities conducted between February and April 2019. Purposive sampling methods used for sampling. The operation of trawl and Van Veen Grab were carried out to collect catch sample and sediment sample respectively. Spatial analysis was conducted on geographic information system (GIS) software to produce a utilization area by using inverse distance weighted (IDW) analysis and map algebra. The results showed two species of penaeid shrimp caught in its waters, namely dogol shrimp (Metapenaeus ensis) and jerbung shrimp (Fenneropenaeus merguiensis). Based on its habitat characteristics, the sediments of its waters categorized as silt. The waters categorized as most suitable (S1) was 209.254 ha or 43.7% of the total of ​​the study area (479.288 ha). While the waters categorized as suitable (S2) was 209.067 ha (43.6%) and unsuitable (N) 60.967 ha (12.7%).


Achilleos, G.A. 2011. The Inverse Distance Weighted interpolation method and error propagation mechanism–creating a DEM from an analogue topographical map. J. of Spatial Science, 56(2): 283–304.
Aziz, K.A. & J.G. Greenwood. 1981. A laboratory investigation of temperature and salinity tolerances of juvenile Metapenaeus bennettae Racek and Dall (Crustacea: Penaeidae). J. of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 54(2): 137-147.
Badan Lingkungan Hidup Kabupaten Sukabumi. 2003. Profil pencemaran sungai di Teluk Palabuhanratu Kabupaten Sukabumi: laporan akhir. Pemerintah Kabupaten Sukabumi. Indonesia. 70 p.
Balai Penelitian Perikanan Laut. 2014. Potensi lestari dan tingkat pemanfaatan sumber daya ikan di Wilayah Pengelolaan Perikanan Republik Indonesia (WPP-RI). Ref Graphika. Jakarta. 224 p.
Blomqvist, S. 1991. Quantitative sampling of soft-bottom sediments: problems and solutions. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 72: 295-304.
Bolliger, J., A. Bergamini, S. Stofer, F. Kienast, & C. Scheidegger. 2007. Predicting the potential spatial distributions of epiphytic lichen species at the landscape scale. The Lichenologist, 39(3): 279–291.
Brower, J.E. & J.H. Zar. 1998. Field and laboratory methods for general ecology. WMC Brown Publishers. Iowa. 273 p.
Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi Geofisika. 2019. Ocean forecast system. BMKG-OFS. ofs-static [diunduh 2019 Feb 15].
Branford, J.R. 1981. Sediment and the distribution of penaeid shrimp in the Sudanese Red Sea. Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci., 13: 349-354.
Cochrane, K.L. & S.M. Garcia. 2009. A fishery manager’s guidebook. second edition. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations dan Wiley-Blackwell. Roma. 535 p.
Cuenpagdee, R. 2011. World Small-Scale Fisheries: Contemporary Visions. Eburon Academic Publishers. Belanda. 400 p.
Dall, W., B.J. Hill, P.C. Rothlisberg, & D.J. Sharples. 1990. Advances in marine biology volume 27: the biology of the Penaeidae. Academic Press Limited. London. 498 p.
Eleftheriou, A. 2013. Methods for the study of marine benthos. Wiley-Blackwell. Chicester. 494 p.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 1998. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. the living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. volume 2. cephalopods. crustaceans. holothurians. and sharks. FAO. Roma. 687-1396 pp.
Freire, F.A., A.C. Luchiari, & V. Fransozo. 2008. Environmental substrate selection and daily habitual activity in Xiphopenaeus kroyeri shrimp (Heller. 1862) (Crustacean: Penaeioidea). Indian J. of Geo-Marine Sci., 40(3): 325-330.
Garcia, S.M., A. Zerbi, C. Aliaume, T.D. Chi, & G. Lasserre. 2003. The ecosystem approach to fisheries. issues. terminology. principles. institutional foundations. implementation. and outlook. FAO. Roma. 71 p.
Goineau, A., C. Fontaniera, F.J. Jorissena, B. Lansard, R. Buscail, A. Mourete, P. Kerhervé, S. Zaragosi, E. Ernoultab, C. Artéro, P. Anschutz, E. Metzgera, & C. Rabouillef. 2011. Live (stained) benthic foraminifera from the Rhône prodelta (Gulf of Lion. NW Mediterranean): Environmental controls on a river-dominated shelf. J. of Sea Research, 65(1): 58-75.
Guisan, A. & W. Thuiller. 2005. Predicting species distribution: offering more than simple habitat models. Ecol. Lett., 8(9): 993–1009.
Gray, J.S. & M. Elliot. 2009. Ecology of marine sediments. Oxford University Press. Oxford. 250 p.
Hart, C., F.G. Troyl, & D.T. Matthew. 2018. Utilisation of a recovering wetland by a commercially important species of penaeid shrimp. Wetlands. Ecol Manage., 26: 665–675.
Hufiadi. 2008. Proporsi dan komposisi hasil tangkapan jaring tiga lapis (Trammel Net) di Palabuhanratu. Bawal, 2(2): 69-74.
Hoang, T., S.Y. Lee, C.P. Keenan, & G.E. Marsden. 2002. Effect of temperature on spawning of Penaeus merguiensis. J. of Thermal Biology, 27: 433–437.
Lalli, C.M. & T.R. Parsons. 1997. Biological oceanography: an introduction. second edition. Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann. Inggris. 337 p.
Loneragan, N.R., R.A. Kenyon, M.D. Haywood, & D.J. Staples. 1994. Population dynamics of juvenile tiger prawns (Penaeus esculentus and P. semisulcatus) in seagrass habitats of the western Gulf of Carpentaria. Australia. Marine Biology, 119: 133-143.
Maeden, G.J. & J.A. Manjarrez. 2013. Advances in geographic information systems and remote sensing for fisheries and aquaculture. FAO. Roma. 452 p.
Marasabessy, I., A. Fahrudin, Z. Imran, & S.B. Agus. 2018. Strategi pengelolaan berkelanjutan pesisir dan laut Pulau Nusa Manu dan Pulau Nusa Leun di Kabupaten Maluku Tengah. J. of Regional and Rural Development Planning, 2(1): 1-22.
Marini, M., A. Suman, A. Farajallah, & Y. Wardiatno. 2017. Identifying Penaeus merguiensis de Man. 1888 stocks in Indonesian Fisheries Management Area 573: a truss network analysis approach. AACL Bioflux, 10(4): 922-935.
Mehanna, S.F., J. Al-Mamary, & L. Al-Kharusi. 2012. Fishery characteristics and population dynamics of indian white shrimp Fenneropenaeus indicus from Arabian Sea. Sultanate of Oman. Turkish J. of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 12: 1-8.
Mendenhall, W., R.J. Beaver, & B.M. Beaver. 2013. Introduction to probability and statistics. Brooks/ Cole. Boston. 752 p.
Morris, L. & D. Ball. 2006. Habitat suitability modelling of economically important fish species with commercial fisheries data. J. of Marine Science, 63: 1590-1603.
Nittrouer, C.A., J.A. Austin, M.E. Field, J.H. Kravitz, J.P Syvitski, & P.L. Wiberg. 2007. Continental margin sedimentation: from sediment transport to sequence stratigraphy. Blackwell Publishing. Inggris. 560 p.
Price, M. 2016. Mastering ArcGIS. Mc Graw Hill. New York. 624 p.
Puspito, G., K. Yamamoto, T. Hiraishi, & K. Nashimoto. 1997. Lower line shape and tension of shrimp trammel net towed along the hypotenuse of right triangle. Fisheries Science, 63(1): 1-5.
Samphan, P., H. Sukree, & T. Reunchai. 2016. Population dynamics of the greasyback shrimp (Metapenaeus ensis. De Haan. 1844) in the Songkhla Lake. Songkhla Province. Thailand. J. of Agricultural Technology, 12(1): 75-89.
Schmidt, F., K.U. Hinrichs, & M. Elvert. 2010. Sources. transport. and partitioning of organic matter at a highly dynamic continental margin. Marine Chemistry, 118(2): 37-55.
Slamet, B., I.W. Arthana, & I.W. Suyasa. 2001. Studi kualitas lingkungan perairan di daerah budidaya perikanan laut di Teluk Kaping dan Teluk Pegametan. Bali. Ecotrophic, 3(1): 16-20.
Spalding, M.D., H.E. Fox, G.R. Allen, N. Davidson, Z.A. Ferdaña, M. Finlayson, B.S. Halpern, M.A. Jorge, A. Lombana, S.A. Lourie, K.D. Martin, E. McManus, J. Molnar, C.A. Recchia, & J. Robertson. 2007. Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas. Bioscience, 57(7): 573–583.
Sparre, P. & S.C. Venema. 1998. Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment. part 1. manual. FAO. Roma. 407 p.
Stewart, R.H. 2008. Introduction to physical oceanography. Texas A & M University. Amerika. 354 p.
Store, R. & J. Jokimäki. 2003. A GIS-based multi-scale approach to habitat suitability modeling. Ecological Modelling, 169: 1–15.
Suwardi & D.A Rachim. 2008. Morfologi dan klasifikasi tanah. Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan IPB. Bogor. 294 p.
Swaleh, K., B.K. Arara, R. Ruwa, & P. Raburu. 2015. Ecosystem-based assessment of a prawn fishery in coastal Kenya using ecological indicators. Ecological Indicators. 50: 233–241.
Tian. S., X. Chen, Y. Chen, L. Xu, & X. Dai. 2009. Evaluating habitat suitability indices derived from CPUE and fishing effort data for Ommatrephes bratramii in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Fisheries Research, 95: 181–188.
Trigos, S., J.R. García, N. Vicente, J. Tena, & J. Torres. 2014. Utilization of muddy detritus as organic matter source by the fan mussel Pinna nobilis. Mediterranean Marine Science, 15(3): 667-674.
Trujillo, A.P. & H. Thurman. 2011. Essentials of Oceanography 10th Edition. Prentice Hall. Amerika. 576 p.
Veerasingam, S., R. Venkatachalapathy, & T. Ramkumar. Distribution of clay minerals in marine sediments off Chennai. Bay of Bengal. India: Indicators of sediment sources and transport processes. International J. of Sediment Research, 29(1): 11-23.
Xiao, H.Y. & C.Q. Liu. 2010. Identifying organic matter provenance in sediments using isotopic ratios in an urban river. Geochemical J., 44(3): 181-187.
Yulianda, F. 2019. Ekowisata perairan: suatu konsep kesesuaian dan daya dukung wisata bahari dan wisata air tawar. IPB Press. Bogor. 94 p.
Zarshenas, G.A., N. Niamaimandi, & K. Pazir. 2014. Study on banana prawn (Fenneropenaeus merguiensis) movement in the Hormozgan waters in the northern Persian Gulf. Iranian Scientific Fisheries J., 22(4): 34-40.
Zeng, X., K. Tanaka, Y. Chen, K. Wanga, & S. Zhanga. 2018. Gillnet data enhance performance of rockfishes habitat suitability index model derived from bottom-trawl survey data: A case study with Sebasticus marmoratus. Fisheries Research, 204: 189–196.


Sugeng Hartono (Primary Contact)
Etty Riani
Fredinan Yulianda
Gondo Puspito
Author Biographies

Sugeng Hartono, Bogor Agricultural University

Program Study of Coastal and Marine Resources Management

Etty Riani, Departemen Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB

Fredinan Yulianda, Departemen Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB

Gondo Puspito, Departemen Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Perikanan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB

HartonoS., RianiE., YuliandaF., & PuspitoG. (2020). THE UTILIZATION OF PENAEID SHRIMP RESOURCES IN CILETUH BAY, PALABUHANRATU BASED ON AREA SUITABILITY ANALYSIS. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 12(1), 195-209.

Article Details