Systems dynamic modeling on sustainable apples agriculture

  • Ferdianto Budi Samudra IPB and Polbangtan Malang
  • Santun RP Sitorus Department of Soil and Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Edi Santosa Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Machfud Machfud Department of Agricultural Industrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
Keywords: system dynamic, apple orchard, social, bio physic, economy models


History shows the long process of apple plants originating from subtropical regions adapting to Indonesia's tropical climate until its popularity is increasingly marginalized and replaced with other commodities, as evidenced by the decreasing land area, especially in Batu City. Indonesia. In developing and analyzing solutions based on the principles of sustainable development, an integrated and holistic approach is required.  To understand problems and find solutions, we can use Systems dynamics. The purpose of this study is to obtain a policy scenario that encourages sustainable apple farming. Data is collected from the local government and BPS City or Province so that the selected variables follow the specific location. The system approach is used to identify needs, problem formulation, preparation of input-output diagrams, cause-effect diagrams and stock-flow diagrams. A series of scenarios is created and tested through simulation to understand the system's dynamic behavior better and obtain the desired output. The best scenario was chosen, namely by replanting 10% of old plant each year, using integrated agriculture with 3 female and 1 male brooders, reduction of land change with 50% success, Local economic development by integrating tourist ticket and hotels with 0,75 kg apple fruits also increasing health support for students


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How to Cite
SamudraF. B., Sitorus S. R., SantosaE. and MachfudM. (2022) “Systems dynamic modeling on sustainable apples agriculture”, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management). Bogor, ID, 11(4), pp. 567-577. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.11.4.567-577.