Post Tsunami Land Use Monitoring to Support Sustainable Coastal Management

Westi Utami


Monitoring of land use in tsunami prone coastal areas has an important role in disaster risk reduction efforts. This study was conducted to map temporal land use patterns in the post-2004 tsunami Aceh coastal area. The research method was carried out qualitatively, the data were analyzed spatially, by interpreting multitemporal Landsat TM 5 and Landsat 8 imagery to determine patterns and changes in land use. Interpretation and analysis of land use are carried out with supervised classification through the maximum likelihood approach. The results showed that land use patterns in tsunami prone areas, namely around the coast, were still widely used as residential areas. This study shows that over the past 15 years there has been an increase in the number of settlements covering an area of ​​7418.9796 hectares, and there has been a decrease in open land covering an area of ​​6743.73 hectares. While land use in the form of high density vegetation experienced an increase of 672.76 Ha, likewise low density vegetation increased by 459.11 Ha after the tsunami. The growth of settlements in a fairly dense tsunami-prone area can have implications for the high impact / risk if a similar disaster occurs again. Efforts to regulate, monitor, control and evaluate land use appropriately in tsunami prone areas are necessary so that the level of disaster risk can be reduced.


Almarshed B, Figlus J, Miller J, Verhagen HJ. 2020. Innovative coastal risk reduction through hybrid design: combining sand cover and structural defenses. J Coast Res. 36(1):174. doi:10.2112/jcoastres-d-18-00078.1.
Almazroui, M, Mashat, A, Ebraheem, M. 2017. Systems and Environment 1:25
Alles, D. 2012. Depoliticizing Natural disasters to enhance human security in a sovereignty –based context: Lessons from Aceh (2004) to Yangon (2008). Human Security: Securing East Asia’s Future, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-1799-2_8, © Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Amiri, F, Rahdari, V, Najafabadi, SM, Pradhan, B, Tabatabaei, T. 2014. Erratum to: Multi-temporal landsat images based on eco-environmental change analysis in and around Chah Nimeh reservoir, Sistan and Balochestan (Iran). Environ Earth Sci, 72:811, DOI 10.1007/s12665-014-3089-9 © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Berke, PR, and Conroy, MM. 2000. Are we planning for sustainable development? An evaluation of 30 comprehensive plans. Journal of the American Planning Association 66(1): 21–33.
Berke, P, and Smith, G, 2010. Hazard mitigation, planning, and disaster resiliency: Challenges and strategic choices for the 21st century. In: Fra U (ed.) Sustainable Development and Disaster Resiliency. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press, pp. 1–23.
Boen, T. 2014. Reconstruction in Indonesia post-2004 Tsunami: Lessons Learn. Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering, DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-36197-5_265-1, © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Coban, HO, Koc, A, & Eker, M. 2010. Investigation on changes in complex vegetation coverage using multi-temporal Landsat data of Western Black Sea region—a case study. Journal of Environmental Biology, 31, 169–178.
Farhan AR, Lim S. 2014. Integrated vulnerability assessment on small island regions towards integrated coastal zone management (ICZM): A case study of Thousand Islands, Indonesia. Int J Geoinformatics. 10(4):1–16.
Gazioğlu, C, Alpar, B, Yücel, ZY, Müftüoğlu, AE, Güneysu, C, Ertek, TA, Demir, V, & Kaya, H. 2014. Morphologic features of Kapıdağ Peninsula and its coasts (NW-Turkey) using by remote sensing and DTM. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 1(1), 48–63.
Garten L. 2016. The Coastal Zone Management Act: A Mixed Success. Cons J Sustain Dev. 16(1):1–13.
Harris P, Shaw D. 2007. GIS and Health Information Provision in Post-Tsunami Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. In: Lai P.C., Mak A.S.H. (eds) GIS for Health and the Environment. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Jauhola, M. 2011, ‘When house become home’ reading normativity in gender equality advocacy in post tsunami Aceh Indonesia, Gender, Technology and Development Journal, Vol 14, hal 173-195, © 2010 Asian Institute of Technology SAGE Publications Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, Singapore, Washington DC DOI: 10.1177/097185241001400203
Jiangsu A, Baot GY, Huang H, Gao YN, Wang DB. 2018. Study on driving mechanisms of land use change in the coastal area of Jiangsu, Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No . 79: The 2nd International Water Safety Sy. (79):104–108.
Koshimura, S and Shuto, N. 2013. Response to the 2011 great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami disaster. Philos Trans Math Phys Eng Sci. 53(9):1689–1699.
Kuo HF, Lu YE. 2018. Exploring the Spatial pattern of environmental change efficiency of coastal shrinking Cities in Taiwan. J Coast Res. 85(85):1541–1543. doi:10.2112/SI85-309.1.
Kurien, J. 2017. Collective action and co-management initiatives in post-disaster Aceh, Indonesia. Maritime Studies. 16:21 DOI 10.1186/s40152-017-0075-3
Lavigne, F, Paris, R, Grancher, D, Wassmer, P, Brunstein, D, Vautier, F, Leone, F, Flohic, F, Coster, BD, Gunawan,T, Gomez, C, Setiawan, A, Cahyadi, R, Fachrizal. 2009. Reconstruction of Tsunami Inland Propagation on December 26, 2004 in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, through Field Investigations, Pure and Applied Geophysics, Birkha ¨user Verlag, Basel 259–281, DOI 10.1007/s00024-008-0431-8.
Lee, C, Doocy, S, Deli, A, Kirsch, T, Weiss, W, and Robinson, C. 2014. Measuring impact: a cross-sectional multi-stage cluster survey to assess the attainment of durable solutions in post-tsunami Aceh, Indonesia. BMC Public Health,
Li, S, Martino, L., Ulivieri, C, Jahjah, M, and Loret, E. 2009. Remote sensing and GIS techniques for Natural disaster monitoring, Space Technologies for the Benefit of Human Society and Earth, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4020-9573-3 14, © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.
Misbari, S, Pour, AB. 2018. Landslide Mapping and Assessment by Integrating Landsat-8, PALSAR-2 and GIS Techniques: A Case Study from Kelantan State, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal Indian Society Remote Sensing. 46 (2), 233–248, © Indian Society of Remote Sensing.
Muthusankar G, Proisy C, Balasubramanian D, Bautès N, Bhalla RS, Mathevet R, Ricout A, Babu DS, Vasudevan S. 2018. When socio-economic plans exacerbate vulnerability to physical coastal processes on the South East Coast of India. J Coast Res. 85(85):1446–1450. doi:10.2112/SI85-290.1.
Okura S, Hiraishi T. 2018. Experimental study on scouring of land behind seawall due to overflowing tsunami. J Coast Res. 85(85):821–825. doi:10.2112/SI85-165.1.
Phillips MR, Jones AL, Thomas T. 2018. Climate Change, Coastal management and acceptable risk: consequences for tourism. J Coast Res. 85(85):1411–1415. doi:10.2112/SI85-283.1.
Osgouei, PE, Kaya, S. 2017. Analysis of land cover/use changes using Landsat 5 TM data and indices, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 189: 136. ,,Springer International Publishing
Piao, S, Fang, J, Zhou, L, Guo, Q, Henderson, M, Ji, W, Li, Y, & Tao, S. 2003. Interannual variations of monthly and seasonal normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) in China from 1982 to 1999. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 14,4401.
Pour, AB, & Hashim, M. 2015. Hydrothermal alteration mapping from Landsat-8 data, Sar Cheshmeh copper mining district, southeastern Islamic Republic of Iran. Journal of Taibah University for Science, 9, 155–166.
Ramírez-Vargas DL, Mendoza E, Lithgow D, Silva R. 2019. A Quantitative Methodology for Evaluating Coastal Squeeze Based on a Fuzzy Logic Approach: Case Study of Campeche, Mexico. J Coast Res. 92(sp1):101. doi:10.2112/si92-012.1.
Rivis R, Kont A, Ratas U, Palginõmm V, Antso K, Tõnisson H. 2016. Trends in the development of Estonian coastal land cover and landscapes caused by natural changes and human impact. J Coast Conserv. 20(3):199–209. doi:10.1007/s11852-016-0430-3.
Sengara, IW, Latief, H, Kusuma, SB. 2008. Probabilistic seismic and tsunami hazard analysis for design criteriaand disaster mitigation in rehabilitation and reconstruction of a coastal area in city of Banda Aceh. Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation. Science Press Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg
Sipe, N, Karen, V. 2014. Relocationg a flood-affected community: Good planning or good politics, Journal of the American Planning Association, Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, DOI: 10.1080/01944363.2014.976586,
Stephan, C, Norf, C, Fekete. 2017. A How ‘‘Sustainable’’ are post-disaster measures? Lessons to be learned a decade after the 2004 Tsunami in the Indian Ocean, International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 8:33–45,, DOI 10.1007/s13753-017-0113-1.
Song J, Xie H, Feng Y. 2018. Correlation analysis method for ocean monitoring big data in a cloud environment. J Coast Res. 82(82):24–28. doi:10.2112/SI82-003.1.
Sorensen C, Knudsen P, Sorensen P, Damgaard T, Molgaard MR, Jensen J. 2018. Rethinking coastal community approaches to climate change impacts and adaptation. J Coast Res. 85(85):1521–1525. doi:10.2112/SI85-305.1.
Suppasri, A, Goto, K, Muhari, A, Ranasinghe, P, Riyaz, M, Affan, M, MAS, E, Yasuda, M, and Imamura, F. 2015, A decade after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: the progress in disaster preparedness and future challenges in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand and the Maldives. Pure and Applied Geophysics,, DOI 10.1007/s00024-015-1134.
Utami, W, Wibowo, YA, Afiq, M. 2019a. Analisis spasial untuk lokasi relokasi masyarakat terdampak tsunami Selat Banten Tahun 2018. Bhumi Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan. 5 (1), 112-128, DOI:
Utami, W, 2019b. Pemanfaatan data spasial dan data kerawanan bencana sebagai evaluasi rencana tata ruang wilayah, Prosiding Seminar Nasional UNRIYO, Pendekatan Multidisiplin Ilmu Dalam Manajemen Bencana.
Willemse M, Goble BJ. 2018. A geospatial approach to managing coastal access in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. J Coast Res. 34(2):282–292. doi:10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-17-00009.1.
Yang, S, Liu, X, Liu, Y, & Shi, M. 2015. NDVI-based analysis on the influence of climate change and human activities on vegetation restoration in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Region Central China, Remote Sensing, 7, 11163–11182. doi: 10.3390/rs70911163
Yuan, F, Kali, E, Sawaya, KE, Loeffelholz, BC, and Bauer, ME. 2005. Land cover classification and change analysis of the twin cities (Minnesota) metropolitan area by multitemporal Landsat remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment, 98(2–3), 317–328. doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2005.08.006
Zharicov, VV, Bazarov, KY, Egidarev, EG, Lebedev, AM. 2018. Application of landsat data for mapping higher aquatic vegetation on the far East Marine Reserve, Oceanology, 58 (3), 487-496, ©Pleiades Publishing, Inc, Doi: 10.1134/S0001437018030207.


Westi Utami (Primary Contact)
Author Biography

Westi Utami, Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional


UtamiW. (2022) “Post Tsunami Land Use Monitoring to Support Sustainable Coastal Management”, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management). Bogor, ID, 12(2), pp. 186-196. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.12.2.186-196.

Article Details