System Dynamic Model for Sustainable Water Supply Strategy in Sentul City Area

Danang Aria Pranedya Baskoro, Atep Hermawan, Tri Permadi


Good management of water resources is a requirement for an area that has a high population development. Sentul City, which is an independent city in Bogor Regency which has a high population, is in an area that lacks water, because of this Sentul City requires infrastructure and policies that are able to ensure the availability of water for its residents. One of the paradigms of water management in urban areas is a water sensitive city. One of the steps in this paradigm is wastewater management and rainwater harvesting. The dynamic system modelling method is used to predict the impact of implementing several policies that will be taken to manage water resources. The objectives of this study are to build dynamic models to predict water supply and demand and to analyze policies for wastewater management and rainwater harvesting. Sentul City water demand is estimated will reach 122 105 000 m3 and a water crisis will occur in 2027. The wastewater recycle policy can inhibit the water crisis until 2030 and the negative water balance will last until 2040. Combining wastewater recycle and rainwater harvesting can increase water availability by 240% and prevent a water crisis.


[BAPENAS] Badan Pembangunan Nasional. 2019. Bahan Presentasi Kajian Lingkungan Hidup Strategis (KLHS) Calon Ibu Kota Baru Penjam Pasar Utara.
Baskoro DAP, Purwanto MYJ, Solahudin M. 2020.watershed based model for water allocation. IOP Confrence series: Earth an Environmental Science. 542 (2020):1-9.
Brown RR. 2008. Local institutional development and organizational change for advancing sustainable urban water futures. Environmental Management. 41:221-233.
Brown, R. R., Keath, N., & Wong, T. H. F. (2009). Urban water management in cities: historical, current and future regimes. Water Science and Technology.
Gliken J. 2000. Getting stakeholder participation ‘right’: a discussion of participatory processes and possible pitfalls. Environmental Science & Policy. 3(2000): 305-310.
Harahap S. 2018. Evaluasi landskap bagi peruntukan situ di Sentul City [tesis]. Bogor (25): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Hermawan A. Purwanto MYJ. Pandjaitan NH. 2020. Analisis kesesuaian lokasi bending kecil dan daerah pemanenan air hujan dengan menggunakan system informasi geofgrafis di wilayah perkotaan. TATA LOKA. 22(2):188-201.
Jansky L, Uitto J. 2005. Enchancing Participation and Governance in Water Resources Management: Conventional Approaches and Information Technology. Tokyo (JP): United Nation University Press.
Jun WX, Yun ZJ, Shahid S, Mahdi AE, Min HR, Xin BZ, Ali M. 2012. Water resources management strategy for adaptation to droughts in China. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. No.17:923–937.
Koushali HP, Moshtagh R, Mastoori R. 2015. Water Resources Modelling Using System Dynamic in Vensim. Journal of Water Resource and Hydraulic Engineering.4(3):251-256.
Meyer PS, Ausubel JH. 1999. Carrying capacity: a model with logistically varying limits. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 61(3): 209-214.
Park S, Sahleh V, Jung SY. 2015. A system dynamics computer model to assess the effects of developing an alternate water source on the water supply systems management. Procedia Engineering. 119(2015): 753-760.
Savenije HHG, Van der Zaag P. 2008. Integrated water resources management: concepts and issues. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. 33(2008): 290-297.


Danang Aria Pranedya Baskoro (Primary Contact)
Atep Hermawan
Tri Permadi
BaskoroD. A. P., HermawanA. and PermadiT. (2021) “System Dynamic Model for Sustainable Water Supply Strategy in Sentul City Area”, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management). Bogor, ID, 11(2), pp. 233-240. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.11.2.233-240.

Article Details