The impact of nitrifying probiotic to population growth of pathogenic bacteria, Vibrio sp., and toxic nitrogen gasses in marine shrimp culture media under laboratory condition

  • Bambang Widigdo Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Munti Yuhana Department of Aquaculture, IPB University, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Aliati Iswantari a Department of Aquatic Resources Management, IPB University, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Claritha Madonsa Graduate Student at Department of Aquatic Resources Management, IPB University, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Inka Destiana Sapitri Graduate Student at Department of Aquatic Resources Management, IPB University, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Yusli Wardiatno Environmental Research Center, Research Institution and Community Service IPB, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Agus Alim Hakim Department of Aquatic Resources Management, IPB University, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Fitriana Nazar d Jakarta Technical University of Fisheries, Pasar Minggu South Jakarta, 12520, Indonesia
Keywords: nitrifying, probiotic, Vibrio, toxic

Abstract

Intensification of shrimp farming has led to problems of water quality and development of pathogenic bacteria. The excess feed and fecal deposited in the bottom of the pond undergo ammonification and result in excess of ammonia formation in pond water and sediment. The purposes of this research was to investigate the impact nitrifying bacteria application on the controlling of pathogenic Vibrio sp. bacteria and toxic nitrogen gasses.  Twelve (12) transparent glass bottles (effective volume of 3 L) were used in this research. Tested probiotic was purchased in free market and producer claims to contain Nitrosomonas sp., Nitrosococcus sp., Nitrobacter sp., Bacillus sp., Aerobacter sp., and Pseudomonas sp. The tested media was sea water containing Vibrio sp., TAN, NO2 and NO3 of 54.07 ± 2.93 mg/L; 6.33 ± 0.17 mg/L; 2.43 ± 0.04 mg/L; and 0.46 ± 0.01 mg/L respectively.  The treatment of probiotic was 0 mg/L as a control; 0.1 mg/L; 0.2 mg/L; and 0.4 mg/L with 3 replications. In regard to concentration of Vibrio sp., NH3 and NO2 gasses, treatment doses of 0.1 mg/L (A) resulted a save level within 4 days after treatment, but to more secure in the practical work for shrimp farm, the doses of 0.2 mg/L (B) is suggested.

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Published
2021-04-01
How to Cite
Widigdo, B., Yuhana, M., Iswantari, A., Madonsa, C., Sapitri, I. D., Wardiatno, Y., Hakim, A. A. and Nazar, F. (2021) “The impact of nitrifying probiotic to population growth of pathogenic bacteria, Vibrio sp., and toxic nitrogen gasses in marine shrimp culture media under laboratory condition ”, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), 11(1), pp. 130-140. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.11.1.130-140.