To address deforestation, South Sumatra Goverment was committed to be the frontrunner in attaining Green Growth 2017. All economic activities related to land use must comply with the regulations. The private sector supports them with some initiatives by several certifications as their commitment toward zero deforestation (ZDC). However, from the land cover data, South Sumatra Province is one of the highest forest cover loss in Indonesia followed by increasing economic activities. This study aims to explain commitments of the public and private sectors in complying toward zero deforestation. We conducted interviews with relevant agencies and collect the data regarding interventions and initiatives. This study used compliance theory to analyze the commitments of both sectors. The results showed that the public and private sectors in South Sumatra have shown their commitment with the type of treaty-induced compliance. The compliance showed how the commitment is integrated into policies, aligned public and private governance arrangements, and a good environmental quality change by reduced deforestation rate. This showed that one of the ZDC’s objectives is at least halve the rate of loss of natural forests globally by 2020 has been implemented by both. Thus, they strive to end natural forest loss by 2030.
Climate Focus. 2015. Progress on the New York Declaration on Forests – An Assessment Framework and Initial Report. Disiapkan oleh Climate Focus dengan kolaborasi bersama Environmental Defense Fund, Forest Trends, The Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, and The Global Canopy Program.
Consumer Good Forum. 2013. Pulp, Paper & Packaging Guidelines June 21, 2013.
Consumer Good Forum. 2015. Sustainable Palm Oil Sourcing Guidelines.
Dewi S, Ekadinata A, Leimona B. 2017. Melangkah Maju Menuju Pembangunan Sumatera Selatan yang Lestari. Masterplan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Hijau Berbasis Sumber Daya Alam Terbarukan 2017-2030. Palembang, Indonesia: Pemda Provinsi Sumatera Selatan
Dwiprabowo H, Djaenudin D, Alviya I, Wicaksaono D. Dinamika Tutupan Lahan: Pengaruh Faktor Sosial Ekonomi. 2014. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
FAO. 1990. Situation and Outlook of the Forestry Sector in Indonesia. Volume 1: issues, findings and opportunities. Jakarta: FAO.
Finlayson B. 2017. Green Growth in Indonesia meets the Bonn Challenge. http://blog.worldagroforestry.org/index.php/2017/05/16/green-growth-indonesia-meets-bonn-challenge/. Diakses tanggal 28 November 2019.
Forest Trends. 2015. Supply Change: Corporations, Commodities, and Commitments that Count.
FWI. 2018. Potret Deforestasi di Sumatera Utara, Kalimantan Timur Dan Maluku Utara. Bogor.
Gibbs HK, Ruesch AS, Achard F, Clayton MK, Holmgren P, Ramankutty N dan Foley JA. 2010. Tropical forests were the primary sources of new agricultural land in the 1980s and 1990s. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(38):16732–37.
Indrarto GB, Muharjanti P, Khatarina J, Pulungan I, Ivalerina F, Rahman J, Prana MN, Resosudarmo IAP, Muharrom E (2012). The context of REDD+ in Indonesia; Drivers, agents and institutions (Working Paper No. 92). Bogor: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) page 57.
Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. 2018. Deforestasi Indonesia Tahun 2016-2017. Direktorat Inventarisasi dan Pemantauan Sumber Daya Hutan. Direktorat Jenderal Planologi Kehutanan dan Tata Lingkungan. Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. Jakarta.
Lambin EF, Gibbs HK, Heilmayr R, Carlson KM, Fleck LC, Garrett R D, Le Polain De Waroux Y, Mcdermott CL, Mclaughlin D, Newton P, Nolte C, Pacheco P, Rausch LL, Streck C, Thorlakson T dan Walker NF. 2018. The role of supply-chain initiatives in reducing deforestation. Nature Climate Change, 8, 109-116.
Lawson S. 2014. Consumer goods and deforestation: An analysis of the extent and nature of illegality in forest conversion for agriculture and timber plantations. Retrieved from http://www.forest-trends.org/documents/files/doc_4718.pdf
Margono BA, Potapov PV, Turubanova S, Stolle F dan Hansen MC. 2014. Primary forest loss in Indonesia over 2000-2012, Nature Climate Change.
Miniarti Y, Wardhana YMA, Abdini C. 2018. Keberhasilan SVLK dalam Mendukung Perbaikan Tata Kelola Kehutanan. Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan Vol. 15 No.1, Mei 2018 : 55-66.
MOF. 1992. Indonesia Tropical Forestry Action Program. Ministry of Forestry, Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta.
Nobre CA, Sampaio G, Borma LS, Castilla-Rubio JC, Silva JS dan Cardoso M. 2016. Land-use and climate change risks in the Amazon and the need of a novel sustainable development paradigm. PNAS 13: 10759–10768.
Nurrochmat DR, Hasan MF. 2010. Ekonomi Politik Kehutanan: Mengurai Mitos dan Fakta Pengelolaan Hutan. Jakarta: INDEF.
Pacheco P dan Poccard-Chapuis R. 2012. The Complex Evolution of Cattle Ranching Development Amid Market Integration and Policy Shifts in the Brazilian Amazon. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 102, 1366-1390
Peraturan Menteri Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Nomor: P.30/Menhut-II/2009 tentang Tata Cara Pengurangan Emisi dari Deforestasi Dan Degradasi Hutan (REDD). Jakarta (31): KLHK
Rijal S. 2016. Pola Spasial, Temporal dan Perilaku Deforestasi di Sumatera [disertasi]. Bogor (25): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
TAG (Transmigration Advisory Group). 1991. Forest Clearance Study. Jakarta: Kementrian Transmigrasi
United Nations. 2015. New York Declaration on Forests.
Wibisono Y. 2005. Metode Statistik. Yogyakarta : Gadjah Mada University Press.
World Bank. 1990. Indonesia: Sustainable Development of Forests, Land, and Water. The World Bank, Washington, DC.
Zulkarnain MT. 2018. Landscape-Level Assessment Of High Conservation Value (HCV) And High Carbon Stock (HCS) To Support Climate Change Mitigation [tesis]. Bogor (25): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).