Environment Biophysical of Mangrove Forest in Langsa City, Aceh

  • Iswahyudi Iswahyudi Universitas Samudra http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8551-3128
  • Cecep Kusmana IPB Bogor
  • Aceng Hidayat Departemen Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Bambang Pramudya Noorachmat Departemen Teknik Mesin dan Biosistem, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia

Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem is an area that serves as a interface between the land and sea, but at the moment has a lot of damage. The phenomenon of damage to the mangrove forest ecosystem also occurred in Langsa City. This study aims to analyse biophysical conditions of mangrove forest ecosystems in Langsa City. The method used in this study is to combine qualitative and quantitative descriptive approaches. Results of the study show that the area of mangrove forest in the study has increased  as large as 324.29 ha in the period of 6 years (2007-2013). The mangrove flora in Langsa City consist of a group of true mangrove flora and mangrove associates, consisting of 14 families and 25 species. The criticality of mangrove forests in the research location is classified as damaged (1,955.96 ha) and severely damaged (2,556.82 ha).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Iswahyudi Iswahyudi, Universitas Samudra
Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian
Cecep Kusmana, IPB Bogor
Departemen Silvikultur Fahutan IPB

References

Biber, P.D., 2006. Measuring the effects of salinity stress in the red mangrove Rhizophora mangle L. African Journal Agriculture Research 1(1), pp. 1-4.

Carter, H.N., S.W. Schmidt., A.C. Hirons., 2015. An international assessment of mangrove management: Incorporation in integrated coastal zone management. Journal Diversity (7), pp. 74-104.

Cox, G.W., 1985. Laboratory Manual of General Ecology. 5 th ed. Dubuque: WCM Brown.

[Dephut] Departemen Kehutanan., 2005. Pedoman Inventarisasi dan Identifikasi Lahan Kritis Mangrove. Direktorat Jendral Rehabilitasi Lahan dan Perhutanan Sosial. Jakarta.

[DKPP] Dinas Kelautan, Perikanan dan Pertanian Kota Langsa., 2013. Sebaran Realisasi Kegiatan Bidang Kehutanan. Langsa.

Hossain, M.D., A.A. Nuruddin., 2016. Soil and Mangrove: A Review.Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 9 (2), pp.198-207

Kathiresan, K., 2012. Importance of mangrove ecosystem. International Journal of Marine Science. 2(10), pp. 70-89.

Kusmana, C., 2012. Management of mangrove ecosystem in Indonesia. Dalam: Prosiding Workshop Mangrove Replantation and Coastal Ecosystem Rehabilitation; 7 Februari 2012, Yogyakarta. Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gajah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Kusmana, C., 2014 Distribution and Current Status of Mangrove Forests in Indonesia. In: Mangrove Ecosystem of Asia: Status, Challenges and Management Strategies. editor. Hanum, F.I., A. Latiff., K.R. Hakeem., M. Ozturk. Springer, pp. 37-60.

Kusmana, C., 2015. Integrated Sustainable Mangrove Forest Management. Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan. 5 (1), pp.1-6

Kusmana, C., S. Wilarso., H. Iwan., P. Pamoengkas., C. Wibowo., T. Tiryana., A. Triswanto., Yunasfi., Hamzah., 2005. Teknik Rehabilitasi Mangrove. Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Lavieren, H.V., M. Spalding., D.A. Alongi., M. Kainuma., M.C. Godt., Z. Adeel., 2015. Securing the Future of Mangroves. United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health. Hamilton, Canada.

Narendra, B.H., Siringoringo, H.H., Salim, A.G. Kualitas Perairan Mangrove di Ciasem Pamanukan, Kabupaten Subang, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan. 8 (3), pp. 301-307.

Perera, K.A.R., M.D. Amarasinghe., S. Somaratna., 2013. Vegetation structure and species distribution of mangroves along a soil salinity gradient in a micro tidal estuary on the North-Western coast of Sri Lanka. American Journal of Marine Science 1(1), pp. 7-15.

Sabine, C.L., S. Hoppe. 2011 The response of the red mangrove Rhizophora mucronata L. to salinity and inundation in South Africa. Journal Aquatic Botany (95), pp. 71–76.

Spalding, M.D., M. Kainuma., L. Collins., 2010. World Atlas of Mangroves; Earthscan Ltd.: Washington DC.

Surat Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan, 2013. Lampiran Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan Nomor 941/Menhut-II/2013. Tanggal 23 Desember 2013.

Tomlinson, P.B. 1986. The Botany of Mangroves. Cambridge University Press. England.

Van, T.T., N. Wilson., H. Thanh-Tung., K. Quisthoudt., V. Quang-Minh., L. Xuan-Tuan., F. Dahdouh-Guebas., N. Koedam., 2015. Changes in mangrove vegetation area and character in a war and land use change affected region of Vietnam (Mui Ca Mau) over six decades. Journal Acta Oecologica 63, pp. 71-81.

Published
2020-03-26
How to Cite
Iswahyudi, I., Kusmana, C., Hidayat, A. and Noorachmat, B. P. (2020) “Environment Biophysical of Mangrove Forest in Langsa City, Aceh”, Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, 10(1), pp. 98-110. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.10.1.98-110.