Land Suitability for Cajuput Development and its Inference on Silviculture Strategy

Ronggo Sadono, Djoko Soeprijadi, Pandu Yudha Adi Putra Wirabuana


Cajuput is a plant that plays an important role for forest industry development. Its leaves contain essential oil and become one of the non-timber forest products. The productivity of cajuput leaves is affected by certain factors, one of them are the level of land suitability. This study investigated the land suitability for cajuput establishment and its inference on silviculture strategy. Study location was situated in Forest Resort Gubugrubuh, Gunungkidul District. Data collection was conducted in 3 site that converted as the priority site of cajuput plantation namely site 75, site 78, and site 80. We used 6 indicator of land attributes including altitude, slope, rainfall, temperature, soil acidity, and soil organic carbon. The assessment of land suitability was determined by qualitative approach using storie and root square method. The result showed the level of land suitability was classified into N1 (currently not suitable) referring to the storie method, meanwhile it was categorized into S3 (marginally suitable) according to the root square method. This study also discovered the distinctive land attributes which became the limiting factors of cajuput growth in each site. The best silviculture strategies for supporting cajuput development in each site were terrace construction, plant distance management, and fertilization.


[1] Albaji, M., Naseri, A., Papan, P., dan Nasab, S. 2009. Qualitative evaluation of land suitability for pricipal crops in the west shoush plain, southwest Iran. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 2 (15), pp. 135-145.

[2] Arevalo-Gardini, E., Canto, M., Alegre, J., Loli, O., Julca, A., dan Baligar, V. 2015. Changes in soil physical and chemical properties in long term improved natural and traditional agroforestry management systems of Cacao genotypes in Peruvian Amazon. PLOS ONE, 10 (7), pp. 1-29.

[3] Bhagat, V. S. 2012. Use of remote sensing techniques for robust digital change detection of land : A review . Recent Pattern Space Technology, 2, pp. 124-144.

[4] Black, C. A. 1965. Chemical and mikrobiological properties. Dalam : Methods of soil analysis. American Society, Wisconsin-Madinson.

[5] Brar, B. S., Singh, J., Singh, G., dan Kaur, G. 2015. Effect of long term application of inorganic and organic fertilizer on soil organic carbon and physical properties in maize-wheat rotation. Agronomy, 5, pp. 220-238.

[6] Budiadi, dan Ishii, H. T. 2010. Comparison of Carbon Sequestration between Multiple-Crop, Single-Crop and Monoculture Agroforestry Systems of Melaleuca In Java, Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 22 (4), pp. 378-388.

[7] Budiadi, Ishii, H. T., Sabarnurdin, M. S., Suryanto, P., dan Kanazawa, Y. 2006. Biomass Cycling and Soil Properties in An Agroforestry-Based Plantation System of Kayu Putih (Melaleuca leucadendron LINN) in East Java, Indonesia. Agroforestry Systems, 67, pp. 135-145.

[8] Budiadi, Kanazawa, Y., Ishii, H. T., Sabarnurdin, M. S., dan Suryanto, P. 2005. Productivity of Kayu Putih (Melaleuca leucadendron LINN) tree plantation managed in non-timber forest production systems in Java, Indonesia. Agroforestry Systems, 64, pp. 143-155.

[9] Chua, I. Y., King, P. J., Ong, K. H., Sarbini, S. R., dan Yiu, P. H. 2015. Influence of light intensity and temperature on antioxidant activity in Premna serratifolia L. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 15 (3), pp. 605-614.

[10] Dahlgren, J. P., dan Ehrlen, J. 2009. Linking Environmental Variation to Population Dynamics of A Forest Herbs. Journal of Ecology, 97, pp. 666-674.
[11] Dengiz, O., Gol, C., Sarioglu, F. E., dan Edis, S. 2010. Parametric approach to land evaluation for forest plantation. African Journal of Agriculture Research, 5 (12), pp. 1482-1496.

[12] Dibia, I. Y. 2015. Land suitability evaluation for cajuput development (Melaleuca leucadendra) in western plantation Bali (Grograk Sub-District), Buleleng District. Agrotrop, 5 (2), pp. 194-205.

[13] Girma, R., Moges, A., dan Quraishi, S. 2015. GIS based physical land suitability evaluation for crop production in eastern Ethiopia : a case study in Jello Watershed. Agrotechnology, 5 (1), pp. 2-7.

[14] Haryanto, S. 2012. Planning of cajuput plantation management. Yogyakarta Forest Management Unit Official, Yogyakarta.

[15] Helfiansah, R., Sastrohamidjojo, H., dan Riyanto. 2013. Isolation, identification and purification cinneol materials 1.8 of cajuput oil (Melaleuca leucadendron). ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering, 1 (1), pp. 19-24.

[16] Jafarzadeh, A. A., Alamdari, P., Neyshabouri, M. R., dan Saedi, S. 2008. Land suitability evaluation of Bilverdy Research Station for wheat, barley, alfalfa, maize, and safflower. Soil and Water Resource, 3 (1), pp. 81-88.

[17] Junaidi, E., Winara, A., Siarudin, M., Indrajaya, Y., dan Widiyanto, A. 2015. Spatial distribution of plant cajuput oil in Wasur National Park. Journal of Wallacea Forestry Research, 4 (2), pp. 101-113.

[18] Liu, C. W., Sung, Y., Chen, B. C., dan Lai, H. Y. 2014. Effects of nitrogen fertilizers on the growth and nitrate content of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11, pp. 4427-4440.

[19] Makinde, E. A., Eniola, H. T., dan Fagbola, O. 2009. Effect of organic, organomineral, and NPK fertilizers on soil pH, organic matter, and micronutrient content in two soil types. Research on Crops, 10, pp. 77-85.

[20] Malekian, A., dan Jafar zadeh, A. A. 2011. Qualitative land suitability evaluation of the Khajeh Research Station for wheat, barly, alfafa, maize, and safflower. Research in Plant Biology, 1 (5), pp. 33-40.

[21] Memarbashi, E., Azadi, H., Barati, A. A., Mohajeri, F., Van Passel, S., dan Witlox, F. 2017. Land-use suitability in Northeast Iran : application of AHP-GIS hybrid model. International Journal of Geo-Information, 6 (396), pp. 1-15.

[22] Mohd, S. N., Majid, N. M., Shazili, N. M., dan Abdu, A. 2013. Growth performance, biomass, and phytoextraction efficiency of Acacia Mangium and Melaleuca Cajuputi in remediating heavy metal contaminated soil. American Journal of Environmental Science, 9 (4), pp. 310-316.

[23] Mu, W., Yu, F., Li, C., Xie, Y., Tian, J., Liu, J., dan Zhao, N. 2015. Effects of rainfall intensity and slope gradient on runoff and soil moisture content on different growing stages of spring maize. Water, 7, pp. 2990-3008.

[24] Murthy, I. K., Dutta, S., Varghese, V., Joshi, P. P., dan Kumar, P. 2016. Impact of agroforestry systems on ecological and socio-economy system : a review. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, 16 (5), pp. 15-27.

[25] Nakashizuka, T. 1991. Altitudinal zonation of forest communities in Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 4 (3), pp. 233-244.

[26] Nandini, R., dan Narendra, B. H. 2012. Critical land characteristics of former eruption of Batur Mount in Bangli District, Bali. Journal of Forest Research and Nature Conservation, 9 (3), pp. 199-211.

[27] Nethononda, L. O., Odhiambo, J. O., dan Paterson, D. G. 2014. Land suitability for specific crop ranges using dynamic land suitability evaluation guidelines for small-scale communal irrigation schemes. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 20 (6), pp. 1349-1360.

[28] Page, S., Hoscilo, A., Wosten, H., Jauhiainen, J., Silvius, M., Rieley, J., dan Limin, S. (2009). Restoration ecology of lowland tropical peatlands in Southeast Asia : current knowledge and future directions. Ecosystems, 12, 888-905.

[29] Pramanik, M. K. 2016. Site suitability analysis for agricultural land use of Darjeeling District using AHP and GIS techniques. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 2 (56), pp. 1-22.

[30] Rakkar, M. K., Franzen, D. W., dan Chatterjee, A. 2015. Evaluation of soil potassium test to improve fertilizer recommendations for corn. Open Journal of Soil Science, 5, pp. 110-122.

[31] Sarfaraz, S. 2014. The sub-regional classification of Pakistan's winter precipitation based on principal components analysis. Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, 10 (20), pp. 57-66.

[32] Sharififar, A. 2012. Assessment of different methods of soil suitability classification for wheat cultivation. Journal of Agrobiology, 29 (2), pp. 47-54.

[33] Silva, G. L., Lima, H. V., Campanha, M. M., Gilkes, R. J., dan Oliveira, T. S. 2011. Soil physical quality of luvisols under agroforestry, natural vegetation and conventional crop management systems in the Brazilian semi-arid region. Geoderma, 167-168, pp. 61-70.

[34] Sudaryono. 2010. Land suitability evaluation for cajuput in Buru District, Maluku Province. Journal of Environmental Enginering, 11 (1), pp. 105-116.

[35] Suryanto, P., Tohari, Putra, E., dan Alam, T. 2017. Minimum soil quality determinant for rice and 'kayu putih' yield under hilly areas. Journal of Agronomy, 16, pp. 115-123.

[36] Sys, C., Vanranst, E., dan Debaveye, J. 1991. Method in land evaluation. Dalam : Land evaluation. International training center for post graduate soil scientist and Ghent University, Ghent.

[37] Tata, H. L., dan Pradjadinata, S. 2015. Native Species for Degraded Peat Swamp Forest Rehabilitation. Journal of Tropical Silviculture, 7, pp. 580-582.

[38] Van Reeuwijk, L. P. 1993. Technology paper. Dalam : Procedure for soil analysis. International Soil Reference and Information Center, Wageningen.

[39] Zhang, J., Su, Y., Wu, J., dan Liang, H. 2015. GIS based land suitability assessment for tobacco production using AHP and fuzzy set in Shandong province of China. Computation Electronical Agriculture, 114, pp. 202-211.


Ronggo Sadono (Primary Contact)
Djoko Soeprijadi
Pandu Yudha Adi Putra Wirabuana
SadonoR., SoeprijadiD. and WirabuanaP. Y. A. P. (2020) “Land Suitability for Cajuput Development and its Inference on Silviculture Strategy”, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management). Bogor, ID, 10(1), pp. 43-51. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.10.1.43-51.

Article Details