ANALISIS STAKEHOLDERS DALAM PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA DI TAMAN NASIONAL BETUNG KERIHUN KABUPATEN KAPUAS HULU
Betung Kerihun National Park (BKNP) is a transboundary conservation area. BKNP region has various attractive ecotourism activities are covered in the context of the nature, culture and 55adventure. But the number of foreign tourists who have visited is still low. BKNP has not been a major tourist destination yet, because the stakeholders have not synergistic in the management of ecotourism in BKNP. The study of stakeholders in accordance with its role and function is urgently needed. This research aims to identify the stakeholders and determine the relationship between stakeholders who are involved in the ecotourism development at BKNP. The data were analyzed using stakeholders analysis methods. There were 23 stakeholders identified involved in the ecotourism development in BKNP. The stakeholder mapping resulted in four as subject (high interest but low influence), six stakeholders as key player (high influence and high importance), eight stakeholders as setter context (high influence but low interest), and five stakeholders as crowd (low influence and low interests). There were three relationships between each stakeholder that were identified, which are communication, cooperation, and coordination.
Bryson, J.M., 2004. What to do when stakeholders matter: stakeholder identification and analysis Tech-niques. Public Management Review. 6, pp. 21-53.
Bungin, B. 2008. Sosiologi Komunikasi: Teori Para-digma dan Diskursus Teknologi Komunikasi di Masyarakat. Kencana, Jakarta
Dwyer, L., D. Edwards, 2000. Nature-based tourism on the edge of urban development. Journal of Sustain-able Tourism. 8(4), pp.267-287.
Idrus, M. 2009. Metode Penelitian Ilmu Sosial: Pen-dekatan Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif. Erlangga, Jakarta.
Maguire, B.,J. Potss,S. Fletcher, 2012. The Role Of Stakeholders In Themarine Planning Process-Stakeholder Analysis Within The Solent. Marine Policy, United Kingdom. 36, pp. 246-257.
Pegas, F., A. Coghlan, A. Stronza, V. Rocha., 2013. For love or for money? investigating the impact of an ectourism programe on local residents assigned values towards sea turtles. Journal of Ecotourism. 12(2), pp. 90-106.
Reed, S.M., A. Graves, N. Dandy, H. Posthumus, K. Huback, J. Morris, C. Prell, C.H. Quin, L.C. Stringer, 2009. Who’s in and why? w typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management. 90, pp. 1933-1949.
Riani, M.W., 2012. Mekanisme hubungan para pihak dalam pengelolaan wisata alam di Kota Bandar Lam-pung dan sekitarnya Provinsi Lampung. Skripsi. Insti-tut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.
Roslinda. E., D. Darusman, D. Suharjito, D.R. Nurrochmat, 2012. Analisis pemangku kepentingan dalam pengelolaan taman nasional danau sentarum kabupaten Kapuas Hulu, Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika. 18(2), pp. 78-85.
Santoso, H., E.K.S.H., Muntasib, H. Kartodiharjo, R. Soekmadi, 2015b, Peranan dan kebutuhan pemangku kepentingan dalam tata kelola pariwisata di Taman Nasional Bunaken Sulawesi Utara. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan. 12(3), pp. 197-211
Sekartjakrarini, S., 2009. Kriteria dan Indikator Ekowisata Indonesia. Idea. Bogor.
Sembiring. E., S. Basuni, R. Soekmadi, 2010. Resolusi konflik pengelolaan Taman Nasional Teluk Cenderawasih di Kabupaten Teluk Wondama. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika. 16(2), pp. 84-91.
Shoo, R., A. Songorwa. 2013. Contribution of ecotourism to nature conservation and improvement of livelihoods around amani nature reserve Tanzania. Journal of Ecotourism. 12 (2), pp. 75- 89.
Siregar, M., 2011. Peranan Stakeholders terhadap pengembangan ekowisata di Taman Nasional Teluk Cenderawasih Kabupaten Teluk Wondama Provinsi Papua Barat. Tesis. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Per-tanian Bogor, Bogor.
Widiyanti, H., 2016. Strategi tata kelola pengembangan ekowisata di taman wisata alam Kawah Ijen Provinsi Jawa Timur. Tesis. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Per-tanian Bogor, Bogor.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).