• Maulidia Fala IPB University
  • Euis Sunarti IPB University
  • Tin Herawati IPB University
Keywords: coping strategies, dual earner, marital satisfaction, stress sources, stress symptoms


Wives who work in the public sector have increased every year in both formal and informal occupations. This study aims to analyze the differences and effects of stress sources, coping strategies, and stress symptoms on marital satisfaction in working for married families. This study uses a cross-sectional study design. Research respondents are wives who work in the formal-informal sector, intact families, and are willing to be involved in the research. Withdrawal of respondents using probability sampling methods and disproportional stratified random sampling techniques with respondents totaling 120 (n = 65 formal) and (n = 55 informal). The results showed that age, length of education, per capita income, sources of stress, coping strategies, and marital satisfaction with wives with formal occupations had higher mean values. Large family, length of the marriage, long hours of work, length of workdays, and symptoms of stress on wives with informal types of work have a higher average value. Marriage satisfaction is significantly positively influenced by coping strategies and negatively affected significantly by stress symptoms. Job characteristics (the type of work, length of work hours, length of workdays) have an indirect effect on marital satisfaction.

Author Biographies

Maulidia Fala, IPB University

Program Studi Magister Ilmu Keluarga dan Perkembangan Anak, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Terakreditasi A

Euis Sunarti, IPB University

Departemen Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Terakreditasi A

Tin Herawati, IPB University

Departemen Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Terakreditasi A


[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistika Kota Depok. (2018). Profil angkatan kerja di Kota Depok agustus 2019. Depok(ID): BPS.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistika Provinsi Jawa Barat. (2018). Laporan eksekutif keadaan angkatan kerja Provinsi Jawa Barat februari 2018. Jawa Barat(ID): BPS.

Alam, M. S., Sattar, A., & Chaudhury, S. I. N. A. (2011). Work family conflict of women managers in Dhaka. Journal Asian Social Science, 7(7), 108-114. doi: 10.5539/ass.v7n7p108.

Azeez, A. E. P. (2013). Employed women and marital satisfaction: a study among female nurses. International Journal of Management and Social Sciences Research, 2(11), 17-26. ISSN 2319-4421.

Bélanger, C., Sabourin, S., & El-Baalbaki, G. (2012). Behavioral correlates of coping strategies in close relationships. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 8(3), 449–460. doi:10.5964/ejop.v8i3.499.

Bhangoo, J. K. (2016). Coping strategies: a study among working couples. Indian Journal of Psychological Science, 5(2), 91-101. ISSN 0976-9218.

Bohen, H. H., & Viveros-Long, A. (1981). Balancing jobs and family life. Do flexible work schedules help?. Philadelphia (PA): Temple University Press.

Christine, W. S., Oktorina, M., & Mula, I. (2010). Pengaruh konflik pekerjaan dan konflik keluarga terhadap kinerja dengan konflik pekerjaan sebagai intervening variabel (studi pada dual career couple di Jabodetabek). Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan, 12(2), 121-132. doi: 10.9744/jmk.12.2.pp.%20121-132.

Duvall. E., & Miller, C. M. (1985). Marriage and family development 6th ed. New York(US): Harper & Row Publisher.

Elser, H., Rehkopf, D. H., Meausoone, V., Jewell, N. P., Eisen, E. A., & Cullen, M. R. (2019). Gender, depression, and blue-collar work: a retrospective cohort study of U.S alumunium manufacturers. Epidemiology, 30(3), 435-444. doi:10.1097/EDE.0000000000000993.

Fowers, B. J., & Olson, D. H. (1993). ENRICH marital satisfaction scale: a brief research and clinical tool. Journal of Family Psychology, 7(2), 176-185. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.7.2.176.

Gallaway, J. H., & Bernasek, A. (2002). Gender and informal sector employment in Indonesia. Journal of Economic Issues, 36(2), 313-321, doi: 10.1080/00213624.2002.11506473.

Herawati, T., Kumalasari, B., Musthofa, & Tyas, F. P. S. (2018). Dukungan sosial, interaksi keluarga, dan kualitas perkawinan pada keluarga suami istri bekerja. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, 11(1), 1-12. doi: 10.24156/jikk.2018.11.1.1.

Higgins, C. A., Duxbury, L. E., & Lyons, S. T. (2010). Coping with overload and stress: men and women in dual-earner families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(4), 847–859. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00734.x.

Islamia, I., Sunarti, E., & Hernawati, N. (2019). Tekanan psikologis dan kesejahteraan subjektif keluarga di wilayah pedesaan dan perkotaan. Anfusia: Journal of Psychology, 2(1), 91-100. doi: 10.24042/ajp.v2i1.4312.

Ismail, R., Azlan, H. A. N., & Yusoff, F. (2015). Assessing the relationship between quality of life and marital satisfaction among Malaysian married couples. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 12(3), 065-071. ISSN 1823-884x.

Jackson, A. N. (2014). Associations among marital satisfaction, sexual satisfaction, conflict frequency, and divorce risk from 1980 to 2000. (Dissertation). Auburn University, US.

Jahan, Y., Chowdhury, A. S., Rahman, S. M. A., Chowdhury, S., Khair, Z., Huq, K. A. T. M. E., & Rahman, M. M. (2017). Factors involving extramarital affairs among married adults in Bangladesh. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, 4(5),1379-1386. doi:

Joy, J. P., & Radhakrishnan, R. (2013). A study on causes of work stress among tile factory workers in Kannur District in Kerala. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(9), 1-10. ISSN 2250-3153.

Khan, A., Khan, A., Khan, S., Khan, S. U., & Khan, M. K. (2018). Causes and coping strategies for stress among employee. Journal of Physical Fitness, Medicine & Treatment in Sports, 1(4), 001-005. doi: 10.19080/JPFMTS.2018.01.555567.

Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R. L., & Williams, J. B. W. (2001). The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 16(9), 606-613. doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1497.2001.016009606.x.

Lotfizadeh, M., Maimaiti, M., Ahmed, Z., & Ismail, N. H. (2015). Assessing stress among the white and blue collar workers at the Esfahan Steel Company, Iran. International Journal of Latest Research in Science and Technology, 4(1), 17-23. ISSN: 2278-5299.

Lyon, K. (1994). Coping with stress in the workplace an investigation of blue collar workers. (Thesis). Massey University, New Zealand.

Meliani, F., Sunarti, E., & Krisnatuti, D. (2014). Faktor demografi, konflik kerja-keluarga, dan kepuasan perkawinan istri bekerja. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, 7(3), 133-142. doi: 10.24156/jikk.2014.7.3.133.

Michie, S. (2015). Causes and management of stress at work. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 59(1), 67-72. doi: 10.1136/oem.59.1.67.

Mittal, M., & Bhakar, S. S. (2018). Examining the impact of role overload on job stress, job satisfaction and job performance - a study among married working women in banking sector. International Journal of Management Studies, 5(7), 1-11. doi: 10.18843/ijms/v5i2(7)/01.

Neff, L. A., & Karney, B. R. (2004). How does context affect intimate relationships? Linking external stress and cognitive processes within marriage. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(2), 134-148. doi:10.1177/0146167203255984.

Nydegge, R. (2014). Occupational stress and job satisfaction in white and blue collar workers. International Business and Economics Research Journal, 1(12), 35-44. doi: 10.19030/iber.v1i12.4006.

Oktarina, R., Krisnatuti, D., & Muflikhati, I. (2015). Sumber stres, strategi koping, dan tingkat stres pada buruh perempuan berstatus menikah dan lajang. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, 8(3), 133-141. doi: 10.24156/jikk.2015.8.3.133.

Ozkan, S., & Kutlu, Y. (2010). Evaluation of coping strategies, social support, and depressive symptoms in spouses of patients with hematological cancer. Turk. J. Med. Sci, 40(6), 925-936. doi: 10.3906/sag-0904-6.

Pearlin, L. J., & Schooler, C. (1978). The Structure of Coping. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 19(1), 2-21. doi: 10.2307/2136319.

Pruchno, R., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Cartwright, F. P. (2009). Depressive symptoms and marital satisfaction in the context of chronic disease: a longitudinal dyadic analysis. Journal of Family Psychology, 23(4), 573–584. doi: 10.1037/a0015878.

Purohit, Y. S., & Simmers, C. A. (2010). The impact of dual earner couples’ beliefs about career priority on the support exchange well being relationship. Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications, and Conflict, 14(1), 51-72. ISSN 1544-0508.

Republik Indonesia. (2003). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 tentang Ketenagakerjaan. Jakarta (ID): Kemnaker RI.

Richter, J., Rostami, A., & Ghazinour, M. (2014). Marital satisfaction, coping, and social support in female medical staff members in Tehran University Hospitals. International Journal on Personal Relationships, 8(1), 115–127. doi: 10.5964/ijpr.v8i1.139.

Rizkillah, R., Sunarti, E., & Herawati, T. (2015). Kualitas perkawinan dan lingkungan pengasuhan pada keluarga dengan suami istri bekerja. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, 8(1), 10-19. doi: 10.24156/jikk.2015.8.1.10.

Schoen, R., Astone, N. M., Rothert, K., Standish, N. J., & Kim, Y. J. (2002). Women employment, marital happiness and divorce. Social Forces, 81(2), 643- 662. doi:10.1353/sof.2003.001 9.

Sharaievska, I. (2012). Family and marital satisfaction and the use of social network technologies [Dissertation]: University of Illinois at Urbana.

Skinner, D. A., & McCubbin, H. I. (1982). Coping in dual-employed families: spousal differences. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting National Council on Family Relations (Washington, DC, October 13-16, 1982).

Sokolski, D. M. (1995). Study of marital satisfaction in graduate student marriages. (Dissertation). Texas Tech University, USA.

Sunarti, E. (2013). Work stability, economic pressure and family welfare. Paper presented at 5th International Work and Family Conference, University of Sydney.

Sunarti, E. (2018). Work stability, economic pressure and family welfare in Indonesia. The Social Science, 13(6), 1186-1193. doi: 10.36478/sscience.2018.1186.1193.

Suprasto, H. B., Ariyanto, D., Jati, I. K., Widhiyani, N. L. S., & Suryanawa, I. K. (2017). Ability of religiosity and emotional intelligence to moderate the effect of role conflict, role ambiguity, role overload, and job insecurity on burnout of tax consultants in Bali province. Journal of Finance and Accounting, 8(18), 7-15. ISSN: 2222-2847.

Tyas, F. P. S. (2017). Pengaruh kesiapan menikah dan tugas perkembangan keluarga terhadap kepuasan pernikahan pada keluarga menikah dini [Tesis]: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Vaez, E., & Juhari, R. (2017). Stress and marital satisfaction of married middle eastern students in malaysia. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 25(2), 146-155. doi: 10.1177/1066480717702337.

Wardhani, N. A. K. (2012). Self disclosure dan kepuasan perkawinan pada istri di usia awal perkawinan. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Universitas Surabaya, 1(1), 1-9.

Wasito., Sumarwan, U., Ananto, E., E., Sunarti, E., & Dharmawan. (2011). Model nafkah dan pemenuhan kebutuhan pangan keluarga petani miskin di hutan jati (kasus: enam desa di Kabupaten Blora). Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman, 8(2), 59-80. doi: 10.20886/jpht.2011.8.2.59-80.

Yucel, D. (2017). Work-family balance and marital satisfaction: the mediating effects of mental and physical health. American sociological association, 20(10), 1–21. doi: 10.1177/2156869317713069.

How to Cite
FalaM., SunartiE., & HerawatiT. (2020). SUMBER STRES, STRATEGI KOPING, GEJALA STRES, DAN KEPUASAN PERKAWINAN PADA ISTRI BEKERJA. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga Dan Konsumen, 13(1), 25-37.