Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy (REBT) to Reduce Anxiety Bullying Victims in Adolescents
Bullying is an act of hurting others physically and mentally and is done repeatedly. The case of bullying is one of the issues that are still a particular concern at Muhammadiyah Boarding School Al Mujahidin Gunungkidul. This study aims to reduce the anxiety of victims of bullying by using a rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) counseling approach. The subjects of this study were students of class VII Muhammadiyah Boarding School Al Mujahidin Gunungkidul, who were victims of bullying in classes and schools with a total of 28 students. This research was conducted from August 1 to September 30, 2017. The type and design of the study used collaborative action research. Data analysis was carried out quantitatively using a questionnaire for victims of bullying anxiety. Qualitative analysis is performed on data obtained from interviews, observations, and follow-up. The counseling program with the rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) approach has proven to be effective and has an effect on reducing anxiety in bullying victims, which is characterized by a decrease in anxiety scores. In addition, the subject feels that he is not alone or not isolated; self-confidence increases have a role towards others and can observe and follow instructions given by the researcher.
Corey, G. (2013). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy. Bandung(ID): Refika Aditama.
Erlina, N. (2016). The effect of the rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) approach on the improvement of emotional intelligence in class VIII students of SMPN 6 Bandar Lampung in the 2015/2016 academic year. Counselee: Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 3(2), 303-316. E-ISSN: 2355-8539.
Ghasemian, D. (2012). Effectiveness of rational emotive behavior therapy on shyness: influence of age. Journal of Psychosocial Research, 7(2), 313-320.
Ikbal, M., & Nurjanah. (2016). Improving self-esteem by using the rational emotive behavior therapy approach for class VIII students at Muhammadiyah Middle School, Jati Agung, South Lampung, 2015/2016 academic year. Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 3(1), 33-46. E-ISSN: 2355-8539.
Hasibuan, R. L, & Wulandari, L. H. (2015). Effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) to improve self-esteem in middle school students of bullying victims. Journal of Psychology, 11(2), 103-110. E-ISSN: 2407-8786
Komalasari, G., Wahyuni, E. & Karsih. (2011). Counseling Theories and Techniques. Jakarta(ID): Salemba Humanika.
[KPAI] Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia. (2015). KPAI: Cases of Bullying and Character Education. Accessed May 11, 2016.
Lazarus, R. S. (1991). Progress on a cognitive, motivational relational theory of emotion. American Psychologist, 46(8), 819-834. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.46.8.819
Mishna, F., Wiener, J., & Pepler, D. (2018). Some of my best friends' experiences of bullying within friendships. School Psychology Internasional, 29(5), 549-573.
Najafi, T. (2014). Theoretical background, therapeutic process, therapeutic relationship, and therapeutic techniques of REBT and CT and some parallels and dissimilarities between the two approaches. International Journal of Education and Research, 2(2), 1-12. ISSN: 2201-6740.
Prayitno, & Erman, A. (2014). Basics of Guidance and Counseling. Jakarta(ID): Rineka Cipta.
Soesetio, S. R. (2015). Bullying in the eyes of class X high school students: Cognitive manuscripts about the meaning, scenarios, and impact of bullying. Journal of Social Psychology, 12, 1-13.
Stavrinides, P., Paradisiotou, A., Tzigkouros, C., & Lasarou, C. (2010). Prevalence of bullying among cyprus elementary and high school students. International Journal of Violence and School, 11, 114-128.
Weinrach, S. G. (1995). Rational emotive behavior therapy: A tough-minded therapy for a tender-minded profession. Journal of Counseling and Development, 73(3), 296-300. DOI: 10.1007/s10942-006-0043-0
Winkel, W. S. (2015). Guidance and Counseling in Educational Institutions. Revised Edition. Jakarta(ID): Gramedia.
Wulansari, N. (2010). Dukungan Orangtua dalam Belajar Membaca dengan Kemampuan Membaca pada Siswa Kelas 2 di Sekolah Dasar Bakti Jaya 3 Depok. [Skripsi]. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).