PENGARUH TRASS DAN KOMBINASI TRASS DENGAN ABU MERAPI TERHADAP SIFAT KIMIA TANAH SERTA PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI BIOMASSA TANAMAN PADI (Oryza sativa) PADA TANAH GAMBUT DARI KUMPEH, JAMBI
The increasing of population annually, needs to increase food availability. On the other hand, the productive land for agriculture have limitations because the large land conversion to non-agricultural land. The use of marginal land such as peat is an attempt to overcome the limited productive land for growing rice. Peat soils have low soil fertility level and acid soil reaction in nature. The conditions of peat soils require amelioration to improve soil fertility. The ameliorants that have potential to increase soil fertility are trass and volcanic ash. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of trass and its combination with volcanic ash on soil chemical properties and rice growth. The research was conducted in a pot experiment using peat soils from Kumpeh, Jambi. Doses of trass as a single factor treatment were 0, 3, 6, and 9% or 0, 90, 180, and 270 gram/pot, and doses of the combination treatments between trass and volcanic ash were 0+7.5, 1.875+5.625, 3.75+3.75, 5.625+1.875, and 7.5+0% or 0+225, 56.25+168.75, 112.5+112.5, 168.75+56.25, and 225+0 grams/pot, the all treatments compared to standard fertilization. The research design was used Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The results showed that giving the trass as a single factor significantly increased the soil pH, Exchangable Al and Mg, available Zn and Mn, plant height, productive tillers, plant biomass, uptake of K, Si, and plant Zn. The combination trass with volcanic ash significantly increased the soil pH, Exchangable Al, total-N, Exchangable Na, available Zn and Mn, plant height, productive tillers, plant biomass, uptake of P, K, Si, and plant Zn. Beside that, combination trass with volcanic ash significantly improved the efficiency of P and K fertilization.
Keywords: Peat, rice, trass, volcanic ash