JIPI
Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Produksi Serasah Mangrove di Pesisir Tangerang, Banten

  • Gilang Rusrita Aida
  • Yusli Wardiatno
  • Achmad Fahrudin
  • Mohammad Mukhlis Kamal
Keywords: coastal area, litterfall, mangrove ecosystem, Tangerang

Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem plays an important role in contributing the organic matter from litter produced which is amajor link of the food web in mangrove ecosystem. The research was conducted to estimate litterfall production ofmangroves in Tangerang coastal area. The structure and composition of the mangrove ecosystem consists ofAvicenia marina, Avicenia alba, Rhizophora mucronata, and Sonneratia caseolaris with density and diameter ofmangrove trees about 3 23 tress/100 m2 and 4.8 38.2 cm, respectively. The results of station groupings based onthe structure and composition of mangrove with environmental parameters showed the highest production oflitterfall generated by group II (station 4; consists of Avicenia marina and Rhizophora mucronata), followed bygroup III (station 6; consists of Sonneratia caseolaris) and group I (station 1, 2, 3, and 5; of Avicenia alba, Aviceniamarina, and Rhizophora mucronata). Litterfal production of group II reached 3.86 ± 0.22 g/m2/day, followed by groupIII and group I (3.63 ± 2.2 g/m2/day and 2.88 ± 0.99 g/m2/day, respectively). Overall, the total production of litterfallper day in the coastal area reached 3.45 g/m2/day with leaf as the main component (>80%), followed by twigs andreproductive organs.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Gilang Rusrita Aida

Departemen Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

Yusli Wardiatno
Departemen Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Achmad Fahrudin
Departemen Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Mohammad Mukhlis Kamal
Departemen Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

References

Abib S, Appado C. 2012. A pilot study for the estimation of above ground biomass and litter production in Rhizophora mucronata dominated mangrove ecosystems in The Island Of Mauritius. Journal of Coastal Development. 16(1): 40-49.

Ake-Castillo JA, Vazquez G, Lopez-Portillo J. 2006. Litterfall and decomposition of Rhizophora mangle L. in a coastal lagoonin the southern Gulf of Mexico. Hydrobiologia. 559: 101-111.

Alongi DM. 2002. Present state and future of the world’s mangrove forests. Environmental Conservation. 29(3): 331-349.

Amarasinghe MD, Balasubramaniam S. 1992. Net primary productivity of two mangrove forest stands on the North-West oast of Sri Lanka. Hydrobiologia. 247: 37-47.

Arreola-Lizarraga JA, Flores-Verdugo FJ, Ortega-Rubio A. 2004. Structure and litterfall of an arid mangrove stand on the Gulf of California, Mexico. Aquatic Botany. 79: 137-143.

Ashton EC, Hogarth PJ, Ormond R. 1999. Breakdown of mangrove leaf litter in a managed mangrove forest in Pennisular Malaysia. Hydrobiologia. 413: 77-88.

Bengen DG. 2002. Pedoman Teknis Pengenalan dan Pengelolaan Ekosistem Mangrove. Pusat Kajian Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Lautan (PKSPL). Institut Pertanian Bogor (ID).

Bernini E, Rezende E. 2010. Litterfall in a mangrove in Southeast Brazil. Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences. 5(4): 508-519.

Day JW, Conner WH, Ley-Lou F, Day RH, Navarro AM. 1987. The productivity and composition of mangrove forest, Laguna de Terminos, eio. Aquatic Botany. 27: 267-284.

Day JW, Coronado-Molina C, Vera-Herrera FR, Twilley R, Rivera-Monroy VH, Alvarez-Guillen H, Day R, Conner W. 1996. A 7 year record of above-ground net primary production in a southeastern Mexican mangrove. Aquatic Botany. 55: 39-60.

[DKP Kab Tangerang] Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Tangerang. 2013. Profil Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Kabupaten Tangerang. Banten (ID). DKP Kab. Tangerang.

Hossain M, Hoque AKF. 2008. Litter production and decomposition in mangrove – a review. Indian Journal of Foresty. 31(2): 227-238.

Juman RA. 2005. Biomass, litterfall, and decomposition rates for the fringed Rhizophora mangle forest lining the Bon Accord Lagoon, Tobago. International Journal of Tropical Biology. 53(1): 207-217.

Kathiresan K, Rajendran N. 2002. Fishery resources and economic gain in three mangrove areas on the south-east coast of India. Fisheries Management and Ecology. 9(5): 277-283.

Kawaroe M, Bengen DG, Eidman M, Boer M. 2001. Kontribusi ekosistem mangrove terhadap struktur komunitas ikan di Pantai Utara Kabupaten Subang, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Pesisir dan Laut. 3(3): 13-26.

Kusmana C, Pradyatmika P, Husin YA, Shea G, Martindale D. 2000. Mangrove litter-fall studies at the Ajkwa Estuary, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 9(3): 39-47.

Mahmudi M, Soewardi K, Kusmana C, Hadjomidjojo H, Damar A. 2008. Laju dekomposisi serasah mangrove dan kontribusinya terhadap nutrient di hutan mangrove reboisasi. Penelitian Perikanan. 11(1): 19-25.

Mahmudi M. 2010. Estimasi Produksi Ikan Melalui Nutrien Serasah Daun Mangrove di Kawasan Rebosisasi Rhizophora, Nguling, Pasuruan, Jawa Timur. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan. 15(4): 231-235.

Natharani C. 2007. Penurunan Luasan Ekosistem Mangrove dan Keterkaitannya dengan Sumber daya Perikanan di Kabupaten Tangerang. [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Noor R, Khazali M, Suryadiputra INN. 2012. Panduan Pengenalan Mangrove Di Indonesia Cetakan Ketiga. PHKA/WIJPB. Bogor (ID).

Pramudji. 2001. Ekosistem hutan mangrove dan peranannya sebagai habitat berbagai fauna aquatik. Oseana. 26(4): 13-23.

Pranoto S. 2013. Model Dinamik Pengelolaan Ekosistem Mangrove yang Berkelanjutan di Muara Sungai Wulan, Demak. [Tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Sa’ban, Ramli M, Nurgaya W. 2013. Produksi dan laju dekomposisi serasah mangrove dengan kelimpahan plankton di perairan mangrove Teluk Moramo. Jurnal Mina Laut Indonesia. 3(12): 132-146.

Sukardjo S. 2004. Fisheries associated with mangrove ecosystem in Indonesia: a view from a mangrove ecologist. Biotropia. 23: 13-39.

Ulqodry Z. 2008. Produktivitas Serasah Mangrove dan Potensi Kontribusi Unsur Hara di Perairan Tanjung Api-Api Sumatera Selatan. [Tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Wei-dong H, Jin-ke Le, Xiu-Ling H, Ying-Ya C, Fu-liang Y, Li-qiang X, Ning Y. 2003. Shellfish and fish biodiversity of mangrove ecosystems in Leizhou Peninsula, China. Journal of Coastal Development. 7(1): 21-29.

Zamroni Y, Rohyani IS. 2008. Produksi serasah hutan mangrove di perairan Pantai Teluk Sepi, Lombok Barat. Jurnal Biodiversitas. 9(4): 284-287.

Published
2014-12-18
How to Cite
Aida, G. R., Wardiatno, Y., Fahrudin, A., & Kamal, M. M. (2014). Produksi Serasah Mangrove di Pesisir Tangerang, Banten. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 19(2), 91-97. Retrieved from https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/JIPI/article/view/8803

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>