Pertumbuhan semai sengon dan mangium pada tanah padat

  • Juang Rata Matangaran
  • Cahyo Wibowo
  • Ujang Suwarna
Keywords: Soil compaction, root penetration, seedling height, acacia mangium, paraserianthes falcataria


The research was conducted to examine the seedling of mangium (Acacia mangium and sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) on compacted soil. Soil was compacted with a proctor test at the different level of bulk density (0.9;1.0; 1.1; 1.2; 1.3 g/cm3 ) with 10 replications. The compacted soil was put into the plastic pot. After 6 month growth in pot the seedling growth response was measured.The result showed that the root penetration and seedling height linearly decrease with the increase of bulk density. The root of seedling of mangium (Acacia mangium and sengon (Paraserianthes fa/cataria) could not penetrate deeply at the hardest soil (1.3 g/cm3 ). Roots needs space to grow. The space was occupied by soil particles and soil pores. Root may influence chemical and physical properties of soil. In related to the compacted soil the root penetration is the important variable which is affected by the soil hardness. Under the condition of decrease penetration, seedling can not grew well in lack of nutrient to be absorbed by the root. On the other hand the bulk density 1.3 g/cm3 showed difference for seedling height response. However, the growth response was significantly reduced at the level of 1.3 g/cm3. The bulk density 1,3 g/cm3 was the critical limit of soil hardness for the seedling of Mangium and Sengon growth.


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Author Biographies

Juang Rata Matangaran
Departemen Manajemen Hutan Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Cahyo Wibowo
Departemen Silvikultur Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Ujang Suwarna
Departemen Manajemen Hutan Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680


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How to Cite
MatangaranJ. R., WibowoC., & SuwarnaU. (1). Pertumbuhan semai sengon dan mangium pada tanah padat. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 15(3), 153-157. Retrieved from

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