Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Uji teknologi inokulum fungi ektomikoriza dan penambahan asam oksalat untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan Hopea mengarawan

  • Melya Riniarti
Keywords: Ectomycorrhizal, inokulum, hopea, oxalate acid, scleroderma


Application of ectomycorrhizal fungi on forestry depend on some factors. Inokulum technology is one of the important factor. The aim of this research are to compare the affectivity of two inoculums from two Scleroderma spp., and to find the effect of oxalate acid on ectomycorrhizal colonization. Using cluster randomized design with ectomycorrhiza as the cluster (S. columnare and S. dictyosporum); inoculums (granular and tablet) and oxalate acid (1 times a week; 2 times a month; 4 times a month and none) as the factors. Result showed that granular inokulum can enhance the growth of Hopea mengarawan better than tablet inokulum. Oxalate acid can enhance colonization up to 8 fold.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Melya Riniarti
Jurusan Kehutanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Lampung


Allen, M.F., Swenson, W., Querejeta, J.J., Warburton, L.M.E., Treseder, K.K. 2003. Ecology of mycorrhizae: A conceptual framework for complex interactions among plants and fungi. Annu Rev Phytopathol 41:271–303.

Anonim. 2006. Mushroom in Asia. www.edinburgh.ceh.ac.uk/tropica/ vietmushManintro.pdf. [4 April 2006].

Bhatti, J.S., Comerford, N.B., Johnston, C.T. 1998. Influence of Oxalate and Soil Organic Matter on Sorption and Desorption of Phosphate onto a Spodic Horizon. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62 1089–1095.

Brearly, F.Q., Scholes, J.D., Press, C.M., Palfner, G. 2007. How does light and phosphorus fertilization affect the growth and ectomycorrhizal community of two contrasting dipterocarp spesies. Plant Ecol 192:237–249.

Bruns, T.D., Bidartondo, M.I., Taylor, D.L. 2002. Host specificity in ectomycorrhizal communities: What do the exceptions tell us?. Integ and Comp Biol 42:352–359.

Bruns, T.D. 1995. Thoughts on the processes that maintain local species diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Plant and Soil 170:63—73.

Cannon, J.P., Allen, E.B., Allen, M.F., Dudley, L.M., Jurinak, J.J. 1995. The Effect of Oxalate Produced by Salsola tragus on the Phosphorus Nutrition of Stipa pulchra. Ecologia 102: 265–272.

Hadi, S. 2000. Status Ektomikoriza Pada Tanaman Hutan Di Indonesia. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Mikoriza I, Bogor 15—16 November 1999. Asosiasi Mikoriza Indonesia. Bogor.

Hedh, J., Johansson, T., Tunlid, A. 2009. Variation in host specificity and gene content in strains from genetically isolated lineages of ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus s. lat. Mycorrhiza 19:549–558.

Kennedy, P.G., Peay. K.G., Bruns, T.D. 2009. Root tip competition ectomycorrhizal fungi: Are priority effects a rule or an exception? Ecology 90:2098–2107.

Kimmel, M., Salant, S. 2006. The Economics of Mutualism: Optimal utilization of mycorrhizal mutualistic partners by plants. Ecology 87:892–902.

Leake, J., Johnson, D., Donnely, D., Mucle, G., Boddy, L., Read, D. 2004. Network of power and influence: The rule of mycorrhizal mycelium in controlling plant communities and agroecosystem functioning . Can J Bot. 82: 1016–1045.

Lee, S.S., Patahayah, M., Chong, W.S., Lapeyrie, F. 2008. Successful ectomycorrhizal inoculation of two dipterocarp species with a locally isolated fungus in Peninsular Malaysia. J of Trop. For. Sci. 20(4):237–247.

Mollina, R., Massicotte, H., Trape, J.M. 1992. Specificity phenomena in mycorrhizal symbiosis: Community ecological consequences and practical application. Di dalam: Allen MF, editor. Mycorrhizal Functioning. Pp. 357—423. New York: Chapman and Hall

Prameswari, D. 2005. Aplikasi beberapa cendawan ektomikoriza untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan semai Shorea selanica. J Hut Trop 1:13–18.

Richard, E., Millot, S., Gardes, M., Selosse, M.A. 2004. Diversity and specificity of ectomycorrhizal fungi retrieved from an old-growth mediterranean forest dominated by Quercus ilex. New Phytol 166:1011–1023.

Rinaldi AC, Comandini, O., Kuyper, T.W. 2008. Ectomycorhizal fungal diversity: Separating wheat from the chaff. Fungal Diversity 33: 1–45.

Riniarti, M., Setiadi, Y., Sopandie, D. 2005. Aplikasi asam organik dan inokulasi ektomikoriza untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan semai Shorea pinanga. J Hut Trop 1:25–29.

Smith, S.E., Read, D.J. 2008. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Third Edition. London: Academic Press.

Smits, W.T.M. 1994. Dipterocarpaceae: Mycorrhizae and Regeneration. Wageningen: The Tropenbos Foundation.

Supriyanto. 1999. The Effectiveness of Some Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Alginate Beads in Promoting the Growth of Several Dipterocarps Seedlings. Biotropika 12: 59 – 77.

Tata, M.H.L. 2001. Pengaruh kebakaran hutan terhadap daya tahan hidup fungi ektomikoriza Dipterocarpaceae [tesis]. Bogor: Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Turjaman, M., Tamai, Y., Segah, H., Limin, S.H., Cha, J.Y., Osaki, M., Tawaraya, K. 2005. Inoculation with the ectomycorrhizal fungi Pisolithus arhizus and Scleroderma sp. improves early growth of Shorea pinanga nursery seedlings. New Forest 30:67–73.

Turjaman, M., Tamai, Y., Segah, H., Limin, S.H., Osaki, M., Tawaraya, K. 2006. Increase in early growth and nutrient uptake of Shorea seminis seedlings inoculated with two ectomycorrhizal fungi. J of Trop For Sci 18:243–249.

Turjaman, M. 2000. Prospek dan Permasalahan Penggunaan Tablet Spora Ektomikoriza sebagai Pupuk Hayati untuk Tanaman Kehutanan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Mikoriza I. 15 – 16 November 1999. Bogor.

Wiemken, V., Boller, T. 2002. Ectomycorrhiza: Gene expression, metabolism, and the wood – wide web. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 5:1–7.

How to Cite
Riniarti, M. (1). Uji teknologi inokulum fungi ektomikoriza dan penambahan asam oksalat untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan Hopea mengarawan. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 14(3), 170-176. Retrieved from https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/JIPI/article/view/6521