Respon Agronomi Varietas Padi terhadap Periode Kekeringan pada Sistem Sawah

Herman Wafom Tubur, Muhamad Achmad Chozin, Edi Santosa, Ahmad Junaedi


The objective of this experiment was to identify the growth and production of rice varieties as responses to drought
period in low land rice system. Rice plants were grown under plastic house in plots separated by massive walls. Drought
periods were treated as main plots, i.e. water was supplied during 3, 6, and 9 weeks after rice transplanting, and control
(cultivation without drought treatment). Rice varieties were used as sub plots, consisted of IR64 and Ciherang (low land
improved varieties), IPB-3S (new plant type), Menthik Wangi (an aromatic local low land rice), Rokan (a hybrid rice), Way
Apo Buru (amphibian type), Jatiluhur and Silugonggo (up land type). Our results showed that drought periods suppressed
plant height, tiller number, spikelets length, weight of 1,000 grains, shoot dry weight and harvest index, and increased
number of empty spikelets. Interaction between drought periods and rice varieties significantly affected productive tiller
number, percentage of plants to flower, and grain weight per hill. Jatiluhur, Ciherang and Way Apo Buru still gave relatively
high yields under drought stress indicated that those varieties were relatively tolerant to drought stress; Silugonggo and IPB-3S had medium tolerance to drought stress; IR64, Menthik Wangi and Rokan were the most sensitive varieties.
Keywords: drought stress, drought tolerant, improved variety, local variety

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