Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Keputusan Petani Mangga dalam Pemilihan Pasar di Kabupaten Indramayu

Rani Andriani, Elly Rasmikayati, Gema Wibawa Mukti, Sri Fatimah

Abstract


Increasing domestic demand for mangoes in recent years has increased rapidly, not only in terms of quantity but also in terms of quality of mango, especially for modern markets. But only a small part of the mango which could entered the modern market. Understanding of farmers' access to markets is needed to increase farmers' capacity as an effort to improve farmers' welfare. The purpose of this research were to: 1) Analyze socioeconomic characteristics of mango farmers in Indramayu Regency; 2) Analyze the mango marketing channel
in Indramayu District; 3) Analyze the factors that influence the decision of mango farmers in market selection in Indramayu District. This research is a quantitative research with 130 mango farmers who were taken by using multi stage random sampling. Data were analyzed descriptively as well as logistic regression analysis. The results showed that most of the farmers were in productive age, had completed primary school education, had <100 trees, never participated in the activity, did not join to farmers group and partnership in marketing. Most farmers market their crops to collecting traders. The level of education of farmers, frequency of extension activities, access to information about mango’s market, quality requirements, the percentage of mango of good
quality and the attachment of farmers to certain financing sources are the factors that significantly influence the farmer's decision in choosing the market. The role of farmer groups is needed to collect farmers in marketing their crops with profitable systems for farmers.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abafita, J., Atkinson, J., Kim, C.S. 2016. Smallholder Commercialization in Ethiopia : Market Orientation and Participation. International Food

Reserarch Journal, 23 (4) : 1797-18907.

Anantayu, S. 2011. Kelembagaan Petani : Peran dan Strategi Peningkatan Kapasitasnya. SEPA, 7(2) : 102-109.

Anugrah, I.S. 2009. Mendudukan Komoditas Mangga Sebagai

Unggukan Daerah dalam Suatu Kebijakan Sistem Agribisnis –

Upaya Menyatukan Dukungan Kelembagaan Bagi Eksistensi Petani.

Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian, 7(2) : 189-211.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2015. Produksi Mangga di Wilayah Sentra di Jawa

Barat. Data Statistik Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura.

Bellemare, M.F., Novak, L. 2017. Contract Farming and Food Security.

American Journal of Agricultura Economics, 99(2) : 357-378.

Barret, C.B., Carter, M.R., Timmer, C.P. 2010. A Century-Long Perspective on Agricultural Development. Journal Agri Economic, 92(2) : 447-468.

Caswell, M., Fuglie, K., Ingram, C., Jans, S.,Kascak, C. 2001. Adoption of

Agricultural Production Practices :Lessons Learned from the US

Departement of Agriculture Area Studies Project. US Departement of

Agriclture, Resource Economics Division, Economic Research

Service. Agriculture Economic Report No. 79. Washington DC.

Collier, P., Dearcon, S. 2014. African Agriculture in 50 Years :

Smallholders in a Rapidly Changing World. Economic Trans. Afr, 63(1) :

-101.

Corsi, S., Marchisio, L.N., Orsi, L. 2017. Connecting Smallholder farmers to Lokal Markets : Drivers of Collective Action, Land Tenur and Food

Security in East Chad. Land Use Policy, 68(2017) : 39-47.

Damihartini, R.S., Jahi, A. 2005. Hubungan Karakteristik Petani dengan

Kompetensi Agribisnis pada Usahatani Sayuran di Kabupaten Kediri Jawa Timur. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 1(1) : 41-48.

Farina, E.M.M.Q., Reardon, T. 2000. Agrifood Grades and Standars in the

Extended Mercosur : Their Role in the Changing Agrifood System.

American Journalof Agro Economics, 82(5) :1170-1176.

Li, Dexuan. 2016. Pricing Power of Agricultural Products under the

Background of Small Peasant Management and Information

Asymmetry. Asian Agricultural Research, 8(3) : 12-16.

Mardikanto, T. 1993. Penyuluhan Pembangunan Pertanian. Surakarta :

Sebelas Maret University Press.

Melesse, Kumilachew A. 2016. Commercial Behaviour of Smallholder Potato Producers : The Case of Kombolchaworeda, Eastern Part of Ethiopia. Journal Economics of Agriculture, 13(63) : 159-173.

Mosher, A.T. 1991. Menggerakkan dan Membangun Pertanian. Jakarta : CV Yasaguna.

Nakano, Y., Tsusaka, T.W., Aida, T., Pede, V.O. 2018. Is Farmer to Farmer Extension Effective ? The Impact of Training on Technology Adoption and Rice Farming Productivity in Tanzania. World Development,

(2018) : 336-351.

Natawidjaja, Ronnie. S. 2007. Horticultural Producers and Supermarket

Development in Indonesia. The World Bank. Report No 38543-ID.

Natawidjadja, Ronnie S. 2010. Farmer’s Search in Agricultural Market.

SOCA, 10(2) : 141- 153.

Natawidjadja, Ronnie S. 2012. Understanding How Informality

Works in Reality : The Case of Horticulture Sector in Indonesia. Paper at Meeting Smaal Scale Farmers in Their Markets : Understanding and Improving the Institutions ang Governannce of Inforal Agrifood Tradeheld in Amsterdam November 29-30, 2012.

Noor, A. 2013. Perlindungan terhadap Pasar Tradisional di Tengah Ekspansi Pasar Ritel Modern. Jurnal Economica, 6(2) : 107-120.

Nuryanti, S. Swastika, D.K.S. 2011. Peran Kelompok Tani dalam Penerapan Teknologi Pertanian. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 29(2) :

-128.

Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian. 2014. Outlook Komoditi Mangga. Jakarta : Sekretariat Jenderal Kementrian Pertanian.

Ramadhani, W., Rasmikayati, E. 2017. Pemilihan Pasar Petani Mangga serta Dinamika Agribisnisnya di Kecamatan Panyingkiran Kabupaten

Majalengka Provinsi Jawa Barat. Jurnal Mimbar Agribisnis, 3(2) : 185-

Sulistyowati, L., Rasmikayati, E., Budiman, M.A., Saidah, Z. 2014.

Pengembangan Kemitraan Usaha dalam Upaya Meningkatkan

Komersialisasi dan Pendapatan Petani Mangga. Laporan Penelitian

Universitas Padjadjaran.

Sulistyowati, L., Natawidjaja, R.S., Saidah, Z. 2013. Faktor-faktor Sosial

Ekonomi yang Mempengaruhi Keputusan Petani Mangga Terlibat dalam Sistem Informal dengan Pedagang Pengumpul. Jurnal Sosiohumaniora, 15(3) : 285-293.

Syafiuddin., Jahi, A. 2007. Hubungan Karakteristik Individu dengan

Kompetensi Wirausaha Petani Rumput Laut di Sulawesi Selatan.

Jurnal Penyuluhan, 3(1) : 35-42.

Ton, G., Vellema, W., Desiere, S.,Weituschat, S., D’Haese, M. 2018.

Contract Farming for Improving Smallholder Incomes : What Can We

Learn from Effectiveness Studies ?. World Development, 104(2018) : 46-

Welter, F., Smallbone, D. 2011. Institutional Perspective on Entrepreneurial Behavior in Challenging Environments. Journal of Small

Business Management, 49(1) : 107-125.

Zainura, U., Kusnasi, N., Burhanuddin.2016. Perilaku Kewirausahaan

Petani Kopi Arabika Gayo di Kabupaten Bener Meriah Provinsi

Aceh. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 12(2) : 126-143.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v15i2.27736


Editorial Office

Jurnal Penyuluhan

PS Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan
Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat
Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor
Kampus IPB Darmaga Bogor 16680 Jawa Barat Indonesia

Phone: +622518425252, Fax:+622518629227
Email: jurnalpenyuluhan@apps.ipb.ac.id


Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Penyuluhan is licensed under a Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.