Pemanfaatan Internet dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian di Kabupaten Cianjur

Nanik Anggoro Purwatiningsih, Anna Fatchiya, Retno Sri Hartati Mulyandari

Abstract


As the science and technology have developed rapidly, as well as current globalization, farmer’s needs are increasingly diverse nowadays. Therefore, extension workers are required to develop their abilities according to current conditions and challenges. But in reality the competencies of extension workers was still low. The low competence of extension workers resulted in low performance as well. It was influenced by the lack of training that has been held for extension workers. Based on this point, it is necessary to improve the performance of extension workers, utilizing the internet media can be an answer which is very rapidly growing at this time. This study analyzed: 1) the level of internet media utilization, 2) factors influencing internet utilization, and 3) the effect of internet utilization on extension worker performance. Field research conducted in January-March 2017 in Cianjur Regency. The sample of research were 26 government extension workers and 74 contract-based extension workers. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Multiple Linear Regression) was used for analytical method. The results showed that the use of internet by extension workers was moderate, especially for the preparation of reports, the design of extension methods, preparation of “programma” and design extension method. The result of the analysis showed that factors influencing internet usage were age, formal education, internet perception, duration, and diversity of accessed internet media. Performance of extension-workers to increase internet utilization effectively is needed for increase information and insight to be applied to farmers.
As the science and technology have developed rapidly, as well as current globalization, farmer’s needs are increasingly diverse nowadays. Therefore, extension workers are required to develop their abilities according to current conditions and challenges. But in reality the competencies of extension workers was still low. The low competence of extension workers resulted in low performance as well. It was influenced by the lack of training that has been held for extension workers. Based on this point, it is necessary to improve the performance of extension workers, utilizing the internet media can be an answer which is very rapidly growing at this time. This study analyzed: 1) the level of internet media utilization, 2) factors influencing internet utilization, and 3) the effect of internet utilization on extension worker performance. Field research conducted in January-March 2017 in Cianjur Regency. The sample of research were 26 government extension workers and 74 contract-based extension workers. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Multiple Linear Regression) was used for analytical method. The results showed that the use of internet by extension workers was moderate, especially for the preparation of reports, the design of extension methods, preparation of “programma” and design extension method. The result of the analysis showed that factors influencing internet usage were age, formal education, internet perception, duration, and diversity of accessed internet media. Performance of extension-workers to increase internet utilization effectively is needed for increase information and insight to be applied to farmers.


Keywords


agriculture; extension; internet; performance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahuja V. 2011. Cyber Extension: A Convergence of Ict and Agricultural Development. Global Media Journal-Indian Edition. 2 (2): 1-8.

Anggoroseto P. 2012. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kinerja penyuluh dalam pemanfaatan cyber extension di Kabupaten Bogor. [Tesis]. Surakarta (ID): UNS.

Bahua MI, Jahi A, Asngari PS, Saleh A, Purnaba IGP. 2013. Factors affecting the performance agricultural extension and their impact at behavior maize farmers in Gorontalo Province. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension. 1: 1-10.

Elian N. 2015. Penggunaan internet dan pemanfaatan informasi pertanian oleh penyuluh pertanian di Wilayah Barat Kabupaten Bogor. [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Fraenkel J, Wallen N. 1993. How to Design and evaluate research in education. 2nd ed. New York (US): McGraw-Hill Inc.

Gatut BN. 2008. Kompetensi penyuluh sarjana dalam pembangunan pertanian: Kasus di Provinsi Jawa Barat. [Disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Gilley WJ, Eggland SA. 1989. Principles of Human Resources Development. Toronto. Canada: Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Inc.

Hidayat SI. 2009. Analisis kinerja penyuluh pertanian di wilayah kerja unit penyuluhan pertanian Sukodono, Sidoarjo. [Jurnal]. Surabaya (ID): Habitat. 20(1): 45-56.

Kusmiati, Maryani, Kusnadi. 2010. Kinerja penyuluh pertanian PNS dalam melaksanakan tupoksi di Kabupaten Bogor (Kasus di BP3K Cibungbulang). Jurnal Penyuluhan Pertanian. 5(1): 87-103.

Lastinawati E. 2011. Partisipasi petani dalam pelaksanaan program pengembangan usaha agribisnis perdesaan (PUAP) di Kabupaten Oku. Jurnal Agronobis. 3(5):47-57.

Lestari U. 2010. Makalah: Dampak teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (TIK) terhadap aktivitas pendidikan. Jakarta (ID): Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta.

Leeuwis C. 2004. Communication for Rural Innovation (Rethingking Agricultural Extension). Victoria (AUS): Blackwell Publishing.

Mardikanto T. 1993. Penyuluhan Pembangunan Pertanian. Surakarta (ID): UNS Press.

Mardikanto T. 2003. Penyuluhan Pembangunan Pertanian. Surakarta (ID): UNS Press.

Mardikanto T. 2009. Sistem Penyuluhan Pertanian. Surakarta (ID): UNS Press.

Muliady TR. 2009. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kinerja penyuluh pertanian dan dampaknya pada perilaku petani padi di Jawa Barat. [disertasi]. Bogor (ID) : Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Marliati, Sumardjo, Asngari PS, Tjitropranoto P, Saefuddin A. 2008. Faktor-Faktor Penentu peningkatan kinerja penyuluh pertanian dalam memberdayakan petani (Kasus di Kabupaten Kampar Provinsi Riau). Jurnal Penyuluhan. 4(2): 92-99.

Mulyandari RSH. 2011. Cyber extension sebagai media komunikasi dalam pemberdayaan petani sayuran di Jatim dan Jabar. [disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Mundorf N, Laird KR. 2008. Social and psychological effects of imformation Technologies and other interactive in Jennings Bryant and Dolf Zillman Ied). Media Effects. Advances in theory and research. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publisher, Mahwah, New Jersey, London.

Ningrum W, Sunuharyo BW, Hakam MS. 2013. Pengaruh pendidikan dan pelatihan terhadap kinerja karyawan.

North Carolina Cooperative Extension. 2006. Extension Agent Competencies [internet]. [diunduh 2016 Desember 23]. Tersedia pada: http: //www. ces. ncsu. edu/ pods/ agents/ knowledge. com.

Pittman RH. 2009. An Introduction to Community Development. London & New York: Routledge.

Robbin SP. 1998. Perilaku Organisasi. Jakarta (ID): Prentice Hall.

Setiawan I. 2007. Strategi peningkatan Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM) petani dengan pemanfaatan teknologi internet. Bandung (ID): Universitas Padjadjaran.

Silalahi U. 2012. Metode Penelitian Sosial. Bandung (ID): Reflika Aditama.

Suryantini H. 2004. Pemanfaatan informasi teknologi pertanian oleh penyuluh pertanian: Kasus Di Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Perpustakaan Pertanian. 13 (1): 17-23.

Suryantini H. 2001. Pemanfaatan informasi oleh penyuluh pertanian (Kasus Di Kabupaten Bogor Jawa Barat). [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Turere VN. 2013. Pengaruh pendidikan dan pelatihan terhadap peningkatan kinerja karyawan pada Balai Pelatihan Teknis Pertanian Kalasey. Jurnal EMBA. 1 (3): 10-19.

Uno HB, Lamatenggo. 2012. Teori Kinerja dan Pengukurannya. Jakarta (ID): Bumi Aksara.

Utami, B.W., Widiyanti, E,. dan A. Wibowo. 2008. Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian Lapang (PPL) dalam pengembangan beras organic menuju terwujudnya Kabupaten Sragen sebagai sentra beras organic. Jurnal Agritexts. 24: 1-12.

Veronice. 2013. Pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi dalam Peningkatan Kompetensi Penyuluh. [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Wuriani, Zakso A, Suib M. 2014. Kontribusi karakteristik individu dan komitmen profesional terhadap kepuasan kerja dosen prodi keperawatan. [Jurnal]. Pontianak (ID). Universitas Tanjungpura.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v14i1.17173


Editorial Office

Jurnal Penyuluhan

PS Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan
Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat
Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor
Kampus IPB Darmaga Bogor 16680 Jawa Barat Indonesia

Phone: +622518425252, Fax:+622518629227
Email: jurnalpenyuluhan@apps.ipb.ac.id


Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Penyuluhan is licensed under a Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.